Bones of Hitler deputy exhumed, burned

Associated Press
The place where once was Rudolf Hess' grave after it was leveled, photographed Thursday July 21, 2011 on the Wunsiedel graveyard, Germany.The bones of Adolf Hitler's deputy, Rudolf Hess, have been removed from their grave in the  small Bavarian town after it became a pilgrimage site for neo-Nazis. The administrator of the cemetery in Wunsiedel told The Associated Press on Thursday that the bones were exhumed early Wednesday.  Andreas Fabel says the remains were cremated and the ashes scattered into a lake whose name is being kept secret.  He says Hess's relatives and Lutheran church authorities in the town both agreed to the solution. Hess was captured in 1941 when he parachuted into Scotland on a bizarre mission to negotiate peace between Britain and Germany. The attempt was denounced by Hitler.  He hanged himself at age 93 in West Berlin's Spandau prison, and was buried in his family's plot in Wunsiedel. (AP Photo/dapd/Lennart Preiss)
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The place where once was Rudolf Hess' grave after it was leveled, photographed Thursday July 21, 2011 on the Wunsiedel graveyard, Germany.The bones of Adolf Hitler's deputy, Rudolf Hess, have been removed from their grave in the small Bavarian town after it became a pilgrimage site for neo-Nazis. The administrator of the cemetery in Wunsiedel told The Associated Press on Thursday that the bones were exhumed early Wednesday. Andreas Fabel says the remains were cremated and the ashes scattered into a lake whose name is being kept secret. He says Hess's relatives and Lutheran church authorities in the town both agreed to the solution. Hess was captured in 1941 when he parachuted into Scotland on a bizarre mission to negotiate peace between Britain and Germany. The attempt was denounced by Hitler. He hanged himself at age 93 in West Berlin's Spandau prison, and was buried in his family's plot in Wunsiedel. (AP Photo/dapd/Lennart Preiss)

BERLIN (AP) — The bones of Adolf Hitler's deputy Rudolf Hess were exhumed under cover of darkness, burned and secretly scattered at sea after his grave became a shrine for thousands of neo-Nazis, a cemetery official said Thursday.

Workers removed Hess' remains from his family's plot with the permission of his relatives, cremated the bones and dispersed them before dawn on Wednesday, said Andreas Fabel, a cemetery administrator in the Bavarian town of Wunsiedel.

Hess was captured in 1941 when he parachuted into Scotland saying he wanted to negotiate peace between Britain and Germany.

The attempt was denounced by Hitler, and Hess later told British authorities that the Nazi leader knew nothing of it. Hess, who spent the rest of his life as a prisoner of the World War II allies and since his death in 1987, became a martyr for the far-right. Neo-Nazis have used the anniversary of his death as an occasion to hold large rallies, with Wunsiedel — near the Czech border — often a focal point.

Most such rallies have been banned since stricter laws were implemented in 2005, but the grave continued to attract far-right extremists to the town.

With the lease on the burial plot coming up for renewal in October, Hess' relatives and Lutheran church authorities in the town decided it was best to remove the remains, Fabel said.

"Both sides were in favor of it," he said.

Charlotte Knobloch, a German Jewish community leader, said the move sends a "clear message."

"I'm happy that the Nazi shadow over Wunsiedel has finally come to an end," she said.

Holocaust survivors also welcomed the move.

"There is now one less place of evil in the world," said Elan Steinberg of the New York-based American Gathering of Holocaust Survivors and their Descendants.

Hess was an early confidant of Hitler's, and, while Hitler was imprisoned in the 1920s, the Nazi leader dictated much of his infamous manifesto "Mein Kampf," or "My Struggle," to him.

Hess eventually rose to the position of deputy Nazi party leader, but by 1941 his influence with Hitler was waning. His flight to Scotland is widely seen by historians as an attempt to restore his importance.

Instead, Hitler said he was delusional and the British treated him as a prisoner of war.

At the Nuremberg trials after the war, Hess was found innocent of war crimes and crimes against humanity, but sentenced to life imprisonment for crimes against peace and conspiracy to commit crimes against peace.

Hess was the last inmate at Spandau Prison in then-West Berlin when he died on Aug. 17, 1987 at age 93. Allied authorities said he hanged himself with an electrical cord. The prison was demolished shortly afterward and the rubble secretly disposed of.

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