As the clock keeps ticking on the 45-day public comment period for the U.S. State Department's draft environmental review of the Keystone XL pipeline, one group is saying that the project will provide so few jobs that it is not a viable economic recovery plan. Here are the details.
* According to a Monday blog posting by Susan Casey-Lefkowitz of the National Resources Defense Council, the draft "confirms that the Keystone XL is not an economic recovery plan, since it will create only 35 permanent jobs and 3,900 construction jobs."
* According to the draft environmental review, the proposed project would require 5,000 to 6,000 construction workers for each year of project, which is expected to take up to two years and be spread across five states. The estimates assume that most of the construction workers would be housed in temporary construction camps.
* Approximately 10 percent of the workforce would be hired locally, the review states, and few non-local workers would be accompanied by their families due to the short duration of the work.
* The construction contracts, materials and support purchased in the U.S. would equal about $3.1 billion, with another $233 million spent on camps for workers in remote locations of Montana, South Dakota and northern Nebraska, the review states.
* A total of 42,100 jobs throughout the U.S. would be supported by construction of the project with most occurring in the construction, trade, professional services, lodging and food services industries, according to the review. About 29 percent of those jobs would be in Montana, South Dakota, Nebraska and Kansas.
* During the operational phase of the project, there would be an estimated 50 employees, including 35 permanent employees and 15 temporary contractors, the review states. The employees would be distributed along the pipeline route through Montana, South Dakota and Nebraska. 10 permanent employees would staff the Omaha, Neb., office.
* The economic impact from the operations phase of the project, the report states, would be mostly from the property tax revenue, which "would be substantial for many counties" though it would vary and would decline in some places due to depreciation allowances.
* If the Bakken Marketlink project were to connect with the Keystone XL pipeline, an estimated $499 million worth of construction and materials and about 1,860 construction jobs would be provided for that project.
* According to the review, the impacts of the Bakken project would be greater, as the pipeline would require electrical lines and substations. The Bakken project could not begin until the Keystone XL pipeline was operational.
* "The State Department review once again shows how TransCanada, the American Petroleum Institute and other proponents of the pipeline have vastly overstated the number of jobs that will be created by Keystone XL," Casey-Lefkowitz stated.
* The State Department's 45-day public comment period of the project will be followed by a revision of the draft, publication of the final impact statement and an inter-agency inquiry into whether the project serves the national interest.
* The proposed project will carry up to 830,000 barrels per day of crude oil from Alberta, Canada and the Bakken Shale Formation in Montana. The pipeline would cross the international border near Morgan Montana and continue through Montana, South Dakota and Nebraska. Near Steele City, Neb., it would connect to existing pipeline facilities for delivery to Cushing, Okla., and the Texas Gulf Coast Region, the State Department reported.
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