News Guide: A look at the Fort Hood shooting trial

Associated Press
FILE - This undated file photo provided by the Bell County Sheriff's Department shows Maj. Nidal Hasan. Hasan has been convicted of murder for the 2009 shooting rampage at Fort Hood that killed 13 people and wounded more than 30 others. Hasan and many of his victims seem to want the same thing - his death. But while survivors and relatives of the dead view lethal injection as justice, the Army psychiatrist appears to see it as something else - martyrdom. (AP Photo/Bell County Sheriff's Department, File)
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FILE - This undated file photo provided by the Bell County Sheriff's Department shows Maj. Nidal Hasan. Hasan has been convicted of murder for the 2009 shooting rampage at Fort Hood that killed 13 people and wounded more than 30 others. Hasan and many of his victims seem to want the same thing - his death. But while survivors and relatives of the dead view lethal injection as justice, the Army psychiatrist appears to see it as something else - martyrdom. (AP Photo/Bell County Sheriff's Department, File)

FORT HOOD, Texas (AP) — Military jurors who convicted Major. Nidal Hasan for the 2009 shooting rampage at Fort Hood are now being asked to sentence him to death. The penalty phase of the trial started Monday, three days after Hasan was convicted of killing 13 people and wounding more than 30 others at the Texas military base. Here is a look at some key details from the trial:

WHAT CHARGES DID HASAN FACE?

Hasan was convicted of 13 specifications of premeditated murder and 32 specifications of attempted premeditated murder under the Uniform Code of Military Justice. He is eligible for the death penalty.

WHY DID THE CASE TAKE SO LONG TO GET TO TRIAL?

Judges in the case granted a series of delays for preparation or other issues, often at the request of Hasan or his attorneys. A fight over Hasan's beard, which violates military regulations, led to a reprieve shortly before the trial was expected to begin last year and the eventual replacement of the judge. Legal experts have said authorities are doing their best to avoid mistakes, noting that Hasan would have multiple mandatory appeals if he's found guilty of murder and sentenced to death. Military appeals courts have overturned most death sentences they've seen in the last three decades.

WHAT DID VICTIMS SAY AT TRIAL?

Witnesses built a gory, detailed picture about what happened inside Fort Hood the afternoon of Nov. 5, 2009. They said a gunman shouted "Allahu akbar!" — Arabic for "God is great!" — before opening fire on unarmed soldiers, many of whom were getting ready to deploy to Afghanistan. A nurse working at the center, Ted Coukoulis, recalled people trying to save wounded soldiers who were dead or quickly bleeding to death. "I don't know how much blood I swallowed that day," he told jurors. Many soldiers thought the gunfire was a training exercise, and some didn't realize it was an attack until they were hit by bullets.

WHAT DID HASAN SAY?

Hasan acted as his own attorney but called no witnesses in his defense and said little during the trial. He wanted to argue that he carried out the shooting in "defense of others" — namely, Taliban insurgents fighting American soldiers in Afghanistan — but the judge denied that strategy before the trial started. Hasan told jurors during a brief opening statement that the evidence would "clearly show" he was the gunman, but that it wouldn't tell the whole story. He cross-examined only three of prosecutors' nearly 90 witnesses. He made few objections but did challenge the government's definition of "jihad," successfully asking the judge that jurors be told that "under Islam, the central doctrine that calls on believers to combat enemies of the religious belief." He told the judge on Monday he still wants to represent himself.

WHAT IS HASAN'S PHYSICAL CONDITION?

Hasan was shot in the back by officers responding to the shootings. He is paralyzed from the waist down, confined to a wheelchair, uses a catheter and wears adult diapers. His doctor testified earlier this year that Hasan cannot sit upright for more than 12 hours a day without his concentration being affected. His disabilities haven't appeared to be an issue in the courtroom. Hasan has been transported from jail to Fort Hood each day by military helicopter.

IS HASAN STILL CONSIDERED A SOLDIER?

Yes. He has retained his rank of major and his salary even in jail. He wore a green camouflage uniform in court, with a green knit cap, instead of the dress uniform defendants typically wear in a court-martial. The judge, Col. Tara Osborn, has said the camouflage uniform was easier for Hasan to wear as a paraplegic.

WHAT DURING THE PENALTY PHASE?

During the capital sentencing hearing, prosecutors will try to prove one or more aggravating factors that merit a death sentence. One aggravating factor would be the killing of more than one person in a single event. Jurors must be unanimous to sentence him to death.

The death sentence would need to be affirmed by Fort Hood's convening authority, which would prompt automatic appeals at two military courts for the Army and then the armed forces. If those fail, Hasan could ask the U.S. Supreme Court to review his case and file motions in federal court. The U.S. president must eventually approve a military death sentence. Many death row inmates have had their sentences overturned on appeal, and no active-duty soldier has been executed in the military system since 1961.

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