Homosexuality was removed as a disorder in 1987 when the DSM III-R was published, 30 years after Evelyn Hooker’s landmark paper, "The Adjustment of the Male Overt Homosexual" in 1957. A friendship, a ... more 
Homosexuality was removed as a disorder in 1987 when the DSM III-R was published, 30 years after Evelyn Hooker’s landmark paper, "The Adjustment of the Male Overt Homosexual" in 1957. A friendship, a nose for scientific study, and a sense of social justice led Hooker (above) to study homosexual men, at a time when homosexuality was a criminal perversion treated with "ice pick lobotomies, electroshock, chemical castration with hormonal treatment or aversive conditioning."

What she did, Baker tells Yahoo News, is administer psychology tests to men who identified as gay or straight, then asks experts to differentiate from their results — and the experts couldn't. It took other research, such as the Kinsey report, before homosexuality was removed from the DSM III with a compromise: ego-dystonic homosexual, which meant someone disturbed over being gay. less 
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Thu, May 9, 2013 4:00 PM EDT