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Yahoo News
One of the more high-profile shifts in the DSM-5 is the elimination of gender identity disorder, known as transgenderism, which was defined in the previous manual as strong and persistent cross-gender identification. The concept didn't entirely disappear: Now there's gender dysphoria, described as the condition of someone who feels unwell or unhappy with his or her gender.

The diagnostic change has stirred up some controversy in the transgender community. Some have applauded the removal, noting the stigma that a term in the manual creates. "All psychiatric diagnoses occur within a cultural context," said Jack Drescher, a member of the American Psychiatric Association subcommittee working on the revision. "We know there is a whole community of people out there who are not seeking medical attention and live between the two binary categories. We wanted to send the message that the therapist's job isn't to pathologize."

Yet to remove it entirely would cause a pragmatic problem: a lack of insurance coverage for those seeking surgery or hormone treatment. "There was a split in the community if it should remain in the DSM or not. How do you qualify for medical care if you don't have a disorder?" Darrel A. Regier, the vice chair of the DSM-5 Task Force, told Yahoo News. He sees the new term as a compromise for both sides of the debate. "We won't call it a disorder by calling it gender dysphoria, but it remains in the DSM."
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