Spain's battered Socialists seek new leader

AFP
Madrid Deputy Pedro Sanchez, one of the candidates to become the new Secretary General of the Spanish Socialist Party (PSOE), poses before a debate in Madrid on July 7, 2014
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Madrid (AFP) - After humiliating election defeats, Spain's Socialists choose a new leader this weekend to help them win back government in 2015, and many are pinning their hopes on a surprise new frontrunner nicknamed Pedro the Handsome.

Voters turfed the Socialists out of seven years in power in a crushing November 2011 election defeat, punishing them for a recession, mushrooming debt and sky-high joblessness.

Even now, after nearly three years of Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy's conservative government ramming through unpopular austerity policies, the Socialists have failed to claw back popular support.

Indeed, their position may be even more precarious.

In elections for Spain's seats in the European Parliament on May 25, the Socialists attracted a paltry 23 percent of the vote, losing nine of their 23 seats.

It was the final blow for their secretary general, Alfredo Rubalcaba, a wily 62-year-old career politician who announced his departure the next day.

Now the Socialists are hoping to put on an attractive new face.

- The Handsome One -

A frontrunner in the three-way leadership race is a telegenic, dark-haired 42-year-old economist and member of parliament Pedro Sanchez -- popularly known as El Guapo, or The Handsome One.

Sanchez was endorsed by 41,338 party members to become an official candidate in Sunday's direct election by the party's nearly 200,000 members.

He has emerged as a serious challenger to 38-year-old Eduardo Madina from the Basque country, who lost the lower half of his left leg in a 2002 ETA bomb attack.

Madina, leader of the Socialist bloc in the lower house of parliament, garnered 25,238 endorsements for his candidacy.

The third candidate, 59-year-old Jose Antonio Perez Tapias, who favours a swing to the left, was endorsed by 9,912 party members.

Even if Sanchez wins, he will need more than chiselled features to give the 135-year-old centre-left Socialist Party a shot at power.

Spain's conservative ABC newspaper described Sanchez as a reformer who challenges German-style economic austerity and pursues a Socialist message without ceding to populism.

He faces a huge challenge to change the party's fortunes, however.

- In the doldrums -

The party has been stuck in the doldrums since then premier Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero stepped down in 2011, accused of reacting too slowly to an unfolding economic crisis, which has left one in four people out of work.

"What is clear is that we have not regained citizens' trust, in part because lots of people are having a hard time, and they have been having a hard time for a while. In fact, they started having hard times when we were in government," Rubalcaba, who was previously Zapatero's deputy, admitted in May.

As in austerity-hit Greece, smaller insurgent parties that tapped into voter discontent with traditional politics were the main winners in the European vote that prompted this weekend's Socialist Party leadership elections.

Even as the Socialists slumped, "Podemos", a new left-wing party born out of Spain's "Indignant" movement against economic inequality, won five seats in Europe's parliament.

Whoever wins on Sunday, the Socialist Party members' choice must be validated by an extraordinary party Congress of party delegates, to be held July 26-27 in Madrid.

Complicating matters further, the Socialist Party's candidate for prime minister in the 2015 elections will be chosen by a separate, direct poll of party members in November, a scheme endorsed by all three of the party leadership candidates.

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