File images of Unification Church founder Moon (2)
SHOTLIST:IMAGES SHOT IN 4:3NORTH KOREA, 1991, SOURCE: Unification Church - NO RESALE FOR NON-EDITORIAL PURPOSES +N.B. NO SOUNDTRACK+- Unification Church founder Sun Myung Moon arriving to meet the then North Korean leader Kim Il-Sung - Kim Il-Sung greeting Moon- VAR of Kim and Moon walking to conference room- VAR of Kim and Moon during discussion UNKNOWN DATE AND LOCATION, SOURCE: Unification Church - NO RESALE FOR NON-EDITORIAL PURPOSES+Images with music+- VAR of North and South Korean families reunite- People signing a banner for unification NORTH KOREA, UNKNOWN DATE, SOURCE: Unification Church - NO RESALE FOR NON-EDITORIAL PURPOSES - Exterior of the Unification Church-affiliated firm, Pyeonghwa (Peace) Motors factory. The firm was established a joint carmaking business in North Korea in 1999. - VAR of assembly line- VAR of Pyeonghwa vehicles///----------------------------------AFP TEXT:SKorea-religion-Unification,7thlead Unification Church founder Moon dies at 92 by Lim Chang-Won GAPYEONG, South Korea, Sept 3, 2012 (AFP) - Sun Myung Moon, the self-styled messiah from South Korea who founded the Unification Church famed for its mass weddings and business empire spanning cars to sushi, died Monday at the age of 92. Moon, who was hospitalised with complications from pneumonia more than two weeks ago, died shortly before 2:00 am (1700 GMT Sunday) at a hospital in the church's headquarters in Gapyeong, east of Seoul. Revered by his followers but denounced by critics as a cult-building charlatan who brainwashed church members, Moon was a deeply divisive figure whose shadowy business dealings saw him jailed in the United States. His church, which he built into a global religious movement, was best known for organising mass weddings that married thousands -- sometimes tens of thousands -- of identically-clad couples in sports stadium ceremonies. The couples only met on their wedding day having been personally paired up by Moon -- often from different nationalities with no common language. The church claimed its members, mocked as "Moonies" by the media, totalled three million at the time of his death, although some experts say numbers had fallen off sharply from its peak in the 1980s to several hundred thousand. "He was our father and God's messiah. His body was custom-made by God so we believed he would live until 100," Moon's close aide Bo Hi Pak told reporters in Gapyeong. "Now with him gone to heaven, all of us are tremendously saddened. We are in the deepest sorrow," a tearful Pak said. Moon had been on life support since Friday after suffering multiple organ failure. A church statement said Moon's body would "lie in state" for 13 days prior to his funeral on September 15. Born to a farming family in 1920 in what is now North Korea, Moon said he had a vision aged 15 in which Jesus asked him to complete his work on Earth. Rejected by Korean Protestant churches, he founded the Unification Church in 1954 -- a year after the Korean War. As the church rose to prominence in the 1970s and 80s, spreading to the United States, it spawned a multi-billion dollar business empire encompassing construction, food, education, the media and even a professional football club. Media holdings include the Washington Times newspaper and the United Press International news agency, and it also dominates the fishing and distribution industry supplying sushi outlets in the United States. A church-affiliated firm, Pyeonghwa (Peace) Motors, established a joint carmaking business in North Korea in 1999. An editorial in the Washington Times noted Moon's staunch anti-communism and defence of family values down the decades. "Faith. Family. Freedom. Service. The conservative values... serve as a poignant memorial to the wisdom of the man whose foresight and courage sounded the charge to fight the battles of the day," the daily said. Throughout his life, Moon assiduously courted political leaders in what critics said was a bid to lend legitimacy to his church which has been condemned as heretical by some Christian organisations. In 1974 he met president Richard Nixon at the White House and urged Americans to forgive their leader for the Watergate scandal. And despite his hardline anti-communist stance, he travelled to North Korea in 1991 to meet then leader Kim Il-Sung. The teachings of the Unification Church are based on the Bible but with new interpretations, and Moon saw his role as completing the unfulfilled mission of Jesus to restore humanity to a state of "sinless" purity. In official church literature, he is referred to as the "one and only messiah in human history". Moon's emergence as a significant religious leader was tainted by legal problems. Having moved to the United States in 1972, he was indicted on tax evasion charges in 1981, in what his followers insisted was a conspiracy to have him deported. He was convicted and served 11 months in prison. Moon, who returned to live in South Korea in 2006, was admitted to a Seoul hospital in mid-August and then shifted to the Gapyeong estate after his kidneys had ceased to function. There was no mass mourning early Monday at the huge, mountain-ringed compound which comprises dozens of modern facilities including schools, a hospital and training centres. But followers left numerous grief-stricken messages of loss on the church's official website. "I feel like the sky is falling and the whole world has collapsed," wrote one. At the movement's main church in Seoul, a handful of worshippers read a special edition of the church-affiliated newspaper on Moon's death. Yamanaka Katsuyo, a Japanese follower who married a South Korean man at a mass wedding in Seoul in 1988, said she was devastated by the death of the man she credited with "changing my entire life". "He picked a husband for me and we have lived happily ever after with three children," she said. Moon had 14 children with his second wife, Hak Ja Han. Hyung Jin Moon, the youngest of his seven sons took over as the church's top leader in 2008 at the age of 28.END
Arizona governor hopefuls debate hot-button issues
PHOENIX (AP) -- Illegal immigration took center stage Monday during a televised debate between six Republican candidates for Arizona governor. Although the candidates discussed other topics that included education and the economy, illegal immigration drew the most pointed comments from them during the hour-long debate. The candidates at the debate were Ken Bennett, Doug Ducey, Christine Jones, Frank Riggs, Scott Smith and Andrew Thomas. For example, Arizona Horizon host Ted Simons asked candidates why the Arizona economy has struggled to recover since the collapse of 2008. Thomas, the former Maricopa County attorney, said the answer is obvious: "These jobs are being taken by people who are coming into the country both legally and illegally." Riggs, a supporter of strict illegal immigration measures such as SB1070, disagreed. A tense exchange between Riggs, a former U.S. congressman, and Thomas ensued. "To constantly blame illegal immigrants for every challenge that we have as a state is absolutely irresponsible," Riggs said. The statewide and national debate over illegal immigration came to a head last month when the federal government began housing in a Nogales, Arizona, facility young immigrant children who had crossed the border alone and illegally into Texas. State officials who say Arizona has its own illegal immigration problems criticized the move and demanded the federal government stop transferring the children from Texas to Nogales. The U.S. Border Patrol has since stopped sending children to Nogales because of a steep fall in the number of children border crossers and the opening of a new holding facility in McAllen, Texas. Asked at the debate, which was broadcast on KAET Channel 8, what they would do to combat illegal immigration, the candidates had varying plans. Ducey, the state treasurer, said he would reprioritize public safety resources and allocate them to the border, readjusting the state Department of Public Safety budget while also considering privatizing the state lottery to pay for more enforcement. "I'm for all of the above and whatever it takes as a governor," Ducey said. Jones, a former Internet company executive, said she would deploy National Guard troops to the border and finish building fences in "strategic" areas of the border. "We're not talking about shutting the border. We're talking about understanding who's coming and going. Mexico is our single largest trading partner," she said. Riggs and Bennett, the secretary of state, said they would assign local police to help stop illegal immigration. Bennett said he would also invest in detection devices and push for more employer sanctions. But Smith cautioned his colleagues of the costs and logistics of such plans. Gov. Jan Brewer, also a Republican, has taken every step she could to stop illegal immigration, but that it is the federal government's duty to secure the border, he said. "Nobody here is talking reality," Smith said. One thing the candidates shared in common: a desire to attract more companies and jobs to Arizona. The candidates said the state needs to simplify its tax code and make it easier to conduct business. They sparred on education matters, however. Riggs said he would use executive powers to repeal Common Core standards on his first day in office. Common Core standards aim to focus learning on comprehension and real-life examples and were designed by a national, bipartisan group of governors and education leaders to better prepare students for college and the job market. Jones said she opposes the standards. "I'm opposed for a number of reasons. Especially when you're a teacher and you're in the classroom and a disproportionately large portion of your classroom is dedicated to following those standards," Jones said. But Smith said the Common Core debate had become political and not about education, although he did express concern over implementation of the standards. "We don't talk about children," he said. The debate was sponsored by the Arizona Citizens Clean Elections Commission. The primary election will be held Aug. 26. The winner will go up against Democrat Fred DuVal in the November general election. Brewer, who cannot seek a third term, has not endorsed a candidate yet. © 2014 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.
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