Kenya elections: Life back to normal in Kibera
SHOTLIST: NAIROBI, MARCH 5, 2013. SOURCE: AFPTV SOUNDBITE 1: Stephen Kalonzo Musyoka, CORD vice Presidential candidate, Running mate of Raila Odinga (English, 17 secs): "We note with worry that there are those amongst our competitors who have not resisted the temptation to engage in premature celebrations that are neither based on data or known fact." SOUNDBITE 2: Stephen Kalonzo Musyoka, CORD vice Presidential candidate, Running mate of Raila Odinga (English, 13 secs): "We wish to appeal for calm and call on our supporters to relax because we are confident that after all the votes are in, CORD will carry the day." -WS of Stephen Kalonzo Musyoka arriving at press conference -CU cameraman -MS journalists KIBERA, KENYA, MARCH 5, 2013, SOURCE: AFPTV SOUNDBITE 3 Francis Ouma (man), Kibera resident (English, 18 secs): “Kenya we need peace. We have experience on what happened, and in fact we the small people are the ones who suffered not the big men. In fact their families are very much safe in their areas, it is us who got problems here.” -MS of Raila Odinga and Kalonzo Musyoka campaign posters -VAR of Kibera resident watching TV in a shop in the streets of Kibera -CU of TV showing tallied votes -VAR of Kibera residents walking in the streets of Kibera ---------------- AFP TEXT STORIES: Kenya-vote,lead-WRAP Tense Kenya awaits poll results as Kenyatta takes early lead by Peter Martell NAIROBI, March 5, 2013 (AFP) - Kenyans nervously eyed results trickling in Tuesday from the presidential election, the first since disputed polls five years ago triggered a wave of bloodletting, with deputy prime minister Uhuru Kenyatta taking an early lead. Kenyatta, who faces a trial for crimes against humanity over the violence that killed more than 1,100 people and forced over 600,000 to flee their homes, edged ahead in partial results over rival Prime Minister Raila Odinga, who says he was robbed of victory in 2007. Millions of Kenyans turned out peacefully on Monday for the elections, seen as key to stability in the regional powerhouse. Voters stood for hours in snaking lines several hundred metres (yards) long and several people thick outside polling stations to take part in one of the most complex elections Kenya has ever held. Partial results from some 37 percent of the almost 32,000 polling stations -- with over 4.4 million valid ballots counted from the 14.3 million registered voters -- had been sent to the central tallying centre in the capital Nairobi. Of those counted at 12:15 pm (0915 GMT), Kenyatta had won almost 2.43 million or 54 percent of valid votes cast against Odinga with 1.82 million or 40 percent, but with the majority of votes yet to be tallied, Kenyatta's lead could still be easily overturned. However, more than 277,000 rejected ballots made up a staggering five precent of votes cast. "This election is a turning point, and its outcome will determine whether the country will proceed as a civilised state," the Daily Nation newspaper said, adding that all Kenyans must "be ready to accept the election results." Hours before polling stations opened, bloody clashes erupted on the Indian Ocean coast in which six policemen and six attackers were killed, as well as several bombs that wounded one person in Mandera, a northeastern town on the border with war-torn Somalia. Police chief David Kimaiyo blamed the coastal attacks on suspected members of the secessionist Mombasa Republican Council (MRC), and said that 400 officers had been sent to beef up security in the popular tourist region. But while few other incidents were reported, there were complaints across the country at the widespread failure of electronic biometric voting registration (BVR) kits introduced to frustrate potential rigging. The BVR failure meant stations used paper records and manual registration. Ahmed Issack Hassan, the head of the Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission (IEBC), told reporters the body was investigating complaints of voting irregularities from political parties. "I want to assure the candidates and political parties, please don't jump to conclusions: your job is to contest the election, our job is to organise them," Hassan said, adding that he did not expect full preliminary presidential results until at least Wednesday. -- Patience urged as Kenyans wait -- In the western town of Kisumu -- heartland of Odinga and scene of bitter clashes in 2007 when his supporters grew angry at what they saw as rigged results -- grim-faced people watched the partial results being broadcast on television. "There is a lot of tension, people are not happy with how things are going," said Nicholas Ochieng, 24. In the port city of Mombasa, court clerk Ken Malenya drank strong coffee after staying up all night. "I didn't sleep, I want to know who our president will be, I have to know," he said. To win, a candidate must take more than 50 percent of votes -- as well as winning at least 25 percent of votes in more than half of all counties -- to avoid a second round runoff, due within a month after final results. Running third, deputy prime Minister Musalia Mudavadi had taken two percent of votes, while none of the other five candidates had taken more than one percent. The results of the 2007 poll which President Mwai Kibaki won against Odinga sparked a wave of protests, notably because of the lack of transparency in the way the tallying was done. Odinga and his rival Kenyatta -- one of Kenya's richest and most powerful men -- have publicly vowed there will be no repeat of the 2007-08 bloodshed. But crimes against humanity trials later this year at The Hague-based International Criminal Court (ICC) for Kenyatta and running mate William Ruto have raised the stakes: should they win the vote, the president and vice-president could be absent for years. Kenyatta faces five counts including orchestrating murder, rape, forcible transfer and persecution. The 2007-2008 violence exposed deep tribal divisions and widespread disenchantment with the political class and shattered Kenya's image as a beacon of regional stability. More checks were in place for Monday's vote to limit rigging, while a new constitution devolving powers has made the poll less of a winner-takes-all race. Kenyans cast six ballots on Monday, voting for a new president, parliamentarians, governors, senators, councillors and special women's representatives. ---------- Kenya-vote-Odinga,PROFILE Raila Odinga: born into politics, set on Kenya's top job by Helen Vesperini NAIROBI, March 5, 2013 (AFP) - At 68, Raila Odinga, son of Kenya's historical opposition leader, is having his third and likely final stab at Kenya's top job. The prime minister in the outgoing government, Odinga is a Luo from the western region of Nyanza who likes to say he was "born into politics" and claimed as he voted Monday that he could win outright in the first round of the key election. Often known by his first name Raila to distinguish him from his father Jaramogi, a prominent post-independence political figure, and his brother Oburu, a member of parliament, he has pursued his political ambitions undeterred by beatings, persecution, exile and several spells in jail. "He's never finished," said political analyst Mutahi Ngunyi. "Even when everything seems to be going against him, he pulls a rabbit out of his hat and reinvents himself." In all, Odinga spent almost eight years in jail without trial before briefly being granted political asylum in Norway at the beginning of the 1990s. His admirers point to the fact that while most Kenyan politicians have their constituency in the town where they were born, Odinga is an exception, being a Nairobi MP. He voted in his constituency on Monday, looking exhausted by months of campaigning. "Raila is a Luo without question, but he is instinctively and ideologically a genuine nationalist as well," one advisor says. On the walls of his suite of offices, portraits of himself, his father, and anti-colonial rebel leader Dedan Kimathi jostle for space with the pictures that late conservationist Joy Adamson painted of the different tribes of Kenya. Odinga was a contender in the 1997 elections where he came third after Daniel arap Moi and Mwai Kibaki, now the outgoing president. In 2002 he backed Kibaki, who won. In 2007 he ran again, against Kibaki this time, and lost, whereupon his supporters accused Kibaki of having rigged the results. "Odinga is no doubt motivated by a desire to right what he sees as the injustice of 2007, when he and his supporters think he won the presidential vote," said Daniel Branch, an academic and the author of a book on Kenya's recent history, speaking ahead of Monday's poll. -- Businessman, not communist -- Long renowned as a firebrand speaker able to galvanise any crowd, Odinga, described as stubborn and sometimes short-tempered, has lost some of his skills as an orator. Some attribute the change to ill-health that started to take hold in 2006; others say it started when he became prime minister in 2008. Once he became prime minister, "he could no longer criticise things that were wrong in government without having to do something about them," one of his advisors told AFP. His energy has also waned -- on at least two occasions recently he was seen almost nodding off during an interview. However his advisors point out that his pre-election schedule is so gruelling it would exhaust a much younger candidate. "He's reached an age where he's starting to get tired, and then you have to look at his hectic schedule," said Mwalimu Mati, a prominent civil society figure and anti-corruption campaigner. Odinga has also dropped some of his more colourful touches such as showing up at rallies in a red Hummer. Married, Odinga has four children: Fidel, Winnie, Rosemary and Raila Junior. Odinga grew up an Anglican and later converted to evangelicalism, being baptised in a Nairobi swimming pool by a self-proclaimed prophet in 2009. He studied engineering in the former east Germany, in Magdeburg and Leipzig, and he called his oldest son Fidel after the Cuban revolutionary. However, observers say the "socialist" and "communist" labels he was given were more an attempt to discredit him by the Moi regime than an accurate reflection of his leanings. In a recent interview he reminded AFP that he is a businessman. Somewhat controversially he launched his petroleum import company when he was energy minister in 2001 under Daniel arap Moi. Odinga has "accumulated" wealth during his time in politics says anti-graft campaigner Mati, "but not on the same scale as Uhuru Kenyatta," his main rival in the race. If he wins, Odinga told AFP he would prioritise "food, education and jobs" and that he wanted to make Kenya self-sufficient in food production. He also promised that if elected he would cut the salary of the president and the vice president, but had to admit somewhat weakly he could not remember by what percentage. In the days of the Cold War, his father Jaramogi's closeness to the Soviet Union worried observers. Raila, however, is seen largely favourably by the international community, particularly since his main rival Uhuru Kenyatta faces a crimes against humanity trial by the International Criminal Court.
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