Syrian refugees in Iraq set for biggest Muslim holiday
SHOTLIST: KAWERGOSK CAMP, IRAQ. OCTOBER 11, 2013. SOURCE: AFPTV SOUNDBITE 1-Shaqlawa Muhammed Rashid (woman), 16-year-old Syrian refugee, (Arabic, 9 sec.): " We will not be able to go out, it's the same as the last Eid we spent in Damascus, but this one is better because there is security." SOUNDBITE 2- Qassem Muhammed (man), Syrian refugee, father of Naras, (Arabic, 12 sec.): "We are in need of the mercy of humanitarian organizations, we need their support to make our kids feel the joy of Eid." SOUNDBITE 3: Hassan Yusef (man), Syrian refugee, artist and music band leader, (Arabic, 11 sec.): "We established a music and theater group, in order to bring happiness to the kids, the youth, and all the families here." -Overview of the Kawergosk camp -MS of the camp entrance -VAR of security at the camp entrance -VAR of tents and kids playing inside the camp -VAR of Shaqlawa Muhammed Rashid in her tent -VAR of Qassem Muhammed iand Naras Qassem in their tent -VAR of Hassan Yusef playing music /// -------------------------------------------------------- AFP TEXT STORY: Syrians find safety for Eid al-Adha holiday in Iraq Kawergosk (Iraq) - 14 October 2013 - AFP (Mohamad Ali Harissi) Shaqlawa Mohammed Rashid sits at the entrance of a white tent in a refugee camp in northern Iraq, reflecting on what will be her first Eid al-Adha holiday outside Syria. The 16-year-old girl smiles at her mother Barshan, who sits next to her on a dusty carpet with a cloth covering half her face to shield it from the sun and dust, and whispers comfortingly: "Our situation here is temporary." They are two of almost 14,000 Syrian Kurds in the Kawergosk refugee camp who will be spending Eid al-Adha -- the Feast of Sacrifice, which is the biggest Muslim holiday of the year -- away from their home country. But while they are far from their homes, the refugees have escaped the brutal Syrian civil war and found safety in the camp near Arbil, the capital of Iraq's autonomous Kurdistan region. "We came from Mazzeh in Damascus. We left it because of the situation there ... where we could not go to school or go out of our houses" because of the "threat of being slaughtered or killed or kidnapped," Shaqlawa says. "This is our first Eid outside Syria. In the past, we used to prepare sweets and visit each other. I used to buy new clothes and go out with my friends" to amusements parks or restaurants. But that all changed due to the deadly violence of the civil war between President Bashar al-Assad's forces and rebels seeking his overthrow. Shaqlawa says she spent last Eid al-Adha in Damascus with her family. "But we would not go out of the house back then," she says. "The situation here is ... better because there is safety." The Kawergosk camp was established in August as tens of thousands of refugees, most of them Syrian Kurds, flooded into northern Iraq, leaving aid agencies scrambling for critical infrastructure and supplies. Fighting between jihadists and Syrian Kurdish forces helped drive the exodus, and there are now more than 185,000 Syrian refugees in the three-province Kurdistan region of Iraq, according to the United Nations. Near Shaqlawa's tent, Naras Qassem, also 16, is busy washing clothes in a large metal pot. "We came from Hasakeh, where there were explosions," Naras says. "We are happy, because we are safe. In Syria, there was no food, but here everything is available." Now, "in Hasakeh, there is no Eid. Even the last Eid al-Adha was not like the ones before. This Eid is better because of safety, and it will be better than Eid in Syria." But she adds: "My little sister's wish is to buy clothes for Eid. We have not bought anything new, as we do not have the money for that." The Kawergosk camp is surrounded by a chain-link fence, which its residents cannot pass without obtaining permission or legal residency. Near the fence, a group of people led by Hassan Yusef discuss songs and plays they want to perform for the camp during Eid al-Adha. "In Qamishli, people are sick of death," says Yusef, 44, referring to the Syrian city he fled. But he adds with a smile: "Here, we do not feel that we are far from our country. We feel that we are in the middle of our country, because this is really our country. "We formed a musical and theatre (group) to entertain children and young people and families, so they can be happy," he says. "We are doing our duty, easing the pain that they are feeling." People begin encouraging Yusef to play, especially one man who excitedly tells everyone around him with a smile on his face and tears in his eyes: "This is my cousin, this is my cousin!" Yusef sits down in a blue plastic chair near the camp's fence with a stringed musical instrument called a "saz," and begins to play. After a few seconds, he starts signing in Kurdish as well, and silence falls as people listen with rapt attention to him lament what is happening in Qamishli. In his song, he says: "Safety is better here; Kurdistan is our home."
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Gogol Bordello - Gogol Bordello
GOGOL BORDELLO BIO “I’ve come full circle and I’m comfortable being a total outsider,” says Gogol Bordello’s Eugene Hutz, explaining the philosophy behind the band’s new album, Pura Vida Conspiracy. Like everything they’ve ever done, this outing is an uncategorizable blend of international influences, anchored by the gypsy rhythms Hutz grew up with in Ukraine. “Most people are looking for a box to put stuff in,” he says. “I try to avoid it. The message of this record is the quest for self-knowledge beyond borders and nationalities. Every culture is a useful mask, but it is just a mask. To get to know your actual human self, you have to get behind all the masks. With all the time I’ve spent in Latin America, living and loving, I realized I’ll never be Argentinean or Brazilian, just like I’ll never be Ukrainian. If you have true human spirit, you can’t fit into any genre, nationality or culture. To be a true citizen of the world, you can only be an ultimate outsider.” Hutz chose Pura Vida Conspiracy as the title because it represents everything the band has been moving toward since they first formed over a decade ago. “We’re not a whimsical band with a whimsical message and some languages offer things that others don't. As I made my way through Spanish, the phrase ‘pura vida’ - pure life - struck me. In Spanish, ‘pura vida’ has the gusto that true life should have, as opposed to words in English, French or Russian. It sums up my need of joining fragmented parts and pieces to create a worldwide consciousness. It’s what we’ve had in mind since the first song on the first Gogol Bordello album.” The band did pre-production on 30 songs at studios in Mexico, Paraguay and Burlington, VT narrowing it down to the most compelling tunes for the album. The arrangements were done on the fly, with the musicians contributing ideas from their own areas of expertise. “Our sound comes from being a group of polyamorous musicians. The style comes from musicians born and raised in various elements, like (bass player) Thomas Gobena’s Ethiopian meters and (Russian violinist) Sergey Ryabtsev and (folkloric Russian accordion player) Yuri Lemeshev’s palette of colors. Everyone does their own thing to keep the train moving.” Andrew Scheps, who was the recording engineer on 2010’s Trans-Continental Hustle, the band’s last album, stepped into the producer’s chair and helped them capture the feel of their vibrant live performances. “Andrew is a saint,” Hutz says. “From the first time we met, I felt like he was part of our family. He was keenly aware of our musical evolution and encouraged us to encapsulate the passion and experimental energy we’ve accumulated in the last few years of intense world travel.” “The Way You Name Your Ship,” suggests a rocking boat, with a subtle funk backbeat and a swaying off center rhythm. Ryabtsev’s violin, the fuzz heavy guitar accents of new guitarist Michael Ward and the band’s rousing vocals add to the feel of a pirate vessel on a rampage. “The song is about the power of the word and its intent,” Hutz explains. “Naming your ship determines where you go and how you get there.” Gogol adds primal rock guitar to the bold stomping rhythm of “We Rise Again,” one of the album’s most anthemic tracks. Percussionist Pedro Erazo-Segovia drops a Spanish rap into the maelstrom of Ryabtsev’s violin, Ward’s power chords and Hutz’s furious vocal. “This is the album’s definitive song. The Russian poet Yevtushenko first said that political borders are scars on the face of the planet. Like us, he thought of himself as a citizen of the world.” Italian flavored mandolin, a reggae pulse and scorching Russian violin drive “Dig Deep Enough,” a song that veers between blistering punk and a laid back one drop rhythm. Hutz sets its inspirational message to a classical melody. “Powerful melodies in classical music are often taken from folklore,” Hutz says. “We’re borrowing it back, with an added bit of Ennio Morricone.” Gogol brings a taste of country music to the Latinized Ukrainian rhythm of “Lost Innocent World,” with the vigorous drumming of Oliver Charles. Gogol shows its omnivorous mastery of music on “I Just Realized,” a contemplative love song that suggests a Russian samba and features Elizabeth Sun’s sultry backing vocals; “John The Conqueror” a blend of spaghetti western twang and punk; and “Malandrino,” a Neapolitan style tune that dips into Tex Mex, mariachi and reggae. The band’s long time goal of creating a global style of music is fully realized with the heartfelt tunes on Pura Vida Conspiracy. “What makes Pura Vida Conspiracy so strong is that, unlike other records we’ve done that are also musically polyamorous, this one combines our adventurous spirit with a stronger rock anchor,” Hutz says. “People ask how I had the confidence to attempt this task and I tell them it was not confidence. I had a feeling I needed to do it, but no idea if it would work out. When we scream on stage it’s to acknowledge all cultures are beautiful masks, but they only take you so far - to a nice carnival or masquerade. True human spirit is beyond culture, that’s why my main interest is in human potential. Music is a way to explore that and you can see how it links up with the idea of pura vida. ‘Pura vida’ is pure life, ‘conspiracy’ is word play on the fact that most of the people in the world are so focused on everything going wrong that they fail to see the 50% that’s going right. “Gogol Bordello’s music gives me confidence to say that. It’s music that goes into the depth of now and opens the consciousness to another dimension that’s usually hidden from people. This accumulation of playing for thousands of hours in Gogol Bordello has connected me to the energetic self, the true human spirit. When you preserve this feeling and transfer it into real life, it becomes a huge part of you.” Hutz founded Gogol Bordello in New York City in 1999, after leaving Ukraine in the aftermath of Chernobyl. In keeping with his vision of creating an international groove, he recruited musicians of all ages, races and cultures, including bassist Thomas Gobena, from Ethiopia, Russian violinist Sergey Ryabtsev from Moscow and percussionist Pedro Erazo-Segovia from Ecuador. The band’s endless touring and critically acclaimed shows have made them international headliners. These days Hutz divides his time between New York and Rio de Janeiro, but a recent stay in Ukraine also influenced the songs he wrote for Pura Vida Conspiracy. “When I stayed in Kiev for months, people thought it was my victory lap back home. When I told them I was leaving, they were disappointed that I didn’t want to be the rock guy on Ukraine TV. Spending time in a Zen monastery and that trip back home made me certain of my mission as an ultimate outsider.”
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