- Arizona and Florida are closing bars ahead of 4th of July weekend, Texas is rolling back its reopening, and California is cracking down on indoor activities as coronavirus cases climb steeply.
- Many states have seen surges in COVID-19 cases after reopening, leading state and city officials to reimpose restrictions or delay next steps.
- Here are the 19 states and cities that have slowed or backtracked their reopenings so far.
- Visit Business Insider's homepage for more stories.
California restaurants, wineries, movie theaters, and museums will once again have to shutter their indoor operations this week. A surge of coronavirus infections in the state — and across most of the country — is prompting new restrictions and delays in scheduled reopenings, just as the 4th of July weekend approaches.
As of Wednesday, at least 39 states are seeing increases in daily coronavirus cases. The inclines are particularly steep in a number of Southern states, including Florida, Mississippi, South Carolina, and Texas. Many are reporting more cases than they've ever seen on a daily basis.
Dr. Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, told Congress on Tuesday that this "disturbing surge" could bring the US up to 100,000 new cases per day.
"This is a continuation of the first wave," Dr. Amesh Adalja, a senior scholar at the Johns Hopkins University Center for Health Security, previously told Business Insider. "Some places that might have been relatively spared early on in the winter and the spring are now facing cases higher than they had before."
As a result, many local governments are dialing back their reopening efforts, reverting to earlier phases, or postponing next steps.
Here is the full list of cities and states that are slowing down or walking back their reopening plans.
Arizona Gov. Doug Ducey ordered bars, gyms, movie theaters, water parks, and tubing businesses to close again.
Ducey's executive order, released Monday, is set to last through at least July 27. The order cited an "exponential pace" of the virus's spread, especially among people ages 20 to 44.
"There has not been sufficient time for mask mandates and limiting groups to have a demonstrable effect on containing the spread," the order read. "Additional measures need to be taken to ensure quicker containment."
Ducey also announced that Arizona schools will not reopen for in-person classes until at least August 17 — a couple weeks later than is standard.
Arizona's average daily case count has increased fivefold since the beginning of June. The state saw 3,857 new cases on Sunday.
Ducey said last week that one in five Arizona coronavirus tests were coming back positive. The World Health Organization recommends reopening only when the rate of positive tests is below 5%.
Will Humble, the former director of the Arizona Department of Health Services, said in early June that the surge in new cases was "definitely related" to the lifted stay-at-home order.
California has banned 70% of the state from indoor drinking and dining ahead of the 4th of July weekend.
As cases surged in Los Angeles and the Central Valley, Gov. Gavin Newsom ordered bars and nightlife to close in seven counties on Sunday: Fresno, Imperial, Kern, Kings, Los Angeles, San Joaquin, and Tulare.
On Wednesday he expanded the order to prohibit indoor operations at restaurants, wineries, movie theaters, card rooms, zoos, and museums in 19 counties that have been on the state's watchlist for at least three days.
"This doesn't mean that restaurants shut down, it means we're trying to take the activities, as many activities as we can ... and move them outdoors," Newsom said in a Wednesday press conference.
The order affects over 70% of California's population.
Newsom also warned against large gatherings over the holiday weekend, which could contribute to the virus' spread.
"I hope you'll reconsider those gatherings with people you do not live with," Newsom said. "We may be wearing our masks at the beginning of that time together, but invariably after a few hours, after a drink or two, after eating some food, masks then are put aside."
In that spirit, he added that the state has advised counties to cancel fireworks displays.
Before Newsom's order, San Francisco delayed its plans to reopen hair and nail salons, tattoo parlors, outdoor bars and swimming pools, zoos, aquariums, and museums.
Justin Sullivan/Getty Images
The city was scheduled to move into the next phase of its reopening plan on Monday.
But on Friday, Mayor London Breed announced that those plans would have to wait, since the city had reported 103 new cases the day before. Just 10 days earlier, when indoor retail resumed, the daily new case count was just 35.
"At our current rate, the number could double rapidly," Breed said on Twitter. "If that continues and we don't intervene, we'll be at such a high number that our only option would be to shut down."
She added: "I know people are anxious to reopen — I am too. But we can't jeopardize the progress we've made."
Colorado closed bars and nightclubs to avoid attracting visitors from neighboring states.
"It's very difficult, if not impossible, to have safe social distancing in bars and nightclubs," Gov. Jared Polis said as he made the announcement on Tuesday, according to The Denver Channel.
Though Colorado's surge of infections is not nearly as severe as in Texas and Arizona, Polis said he wanted to reduce the chances that residents of those states would cross the border to drink and dance.
"With neighboring states, we don't want Colorado to become a mecca of nightlife," he added. "That is not a distinction that we want during the pandemic, nor is it one that we can afford without severely risking the reopening of our economy and ongoing health of our people."
Delaware was set to move into phase 3 on Monday, but Gov. John Carney has said he wants to "get a better handle on what's going on."
Carney announced Thursday that the state will remain in phase 2 for the foreseeable future, with expanded outdoor seating at restaurants, appointment-only retail, open beaches, and outdoor gatherings of up to 250 people permitted.
"Too many Delawareans and visitors are not following basic public-health precautions. We've heard and seen concerns especially in our beach communities, in restaurants, in gyms, and at sporting events," Carney said in a statement.
Unlike most other states reimposing restrictions, Delaware has not exceeded the daily case counts that it reported in April and May. The new measure seems mostly precautionary.
"In Delaware, we are beating this disease. We have flattened the curve. But that's because Delawareans stayed home and made significant sacrifices to keep others safe," Carney said. "Make no mistake: COVID-19 has not gone away. We've seen what has happened in other states when folks let their guard down. Let's not be one of those states."
Florida regulators suspended drinking at bars after the state reported nearly 9,000 new cases in one day.
Halsey Beshears, Secretary of Florida's Department of Business and Professional Regulation, tweeted Friday that on-site alcohol consumption at bars is suspended across the state, "effective immediately."
The new restriction came after Florida reported a record 8,933 new COVID-19 cases on Thursday — nearly double the case count from the previous day. When the state began reopening in early May, its daily new case counts were below 1,000.
In Miami-Dade County, 27% of COVID-19 tests were coming back positive last week.
Miami-Dade, Broward, and Palm Beach counties have also decided to close their beaches for the Fourth of July weekend.
"We are where we are," DeSantis told reporters on Thursday. "I didn't say we were going to go on to the next phase."
Idaho is "tapping on the breaks," Gov. Brad Little announced on Thursday.
The state did not meet its own criteria for the final stage of reopening, Little said in a press conference.
The state's epidemiologist, Dr. Christine Hahn, said emergency rooms in Idaho are seeing more and more patients with coronavirus-like symptoms. She added that more healthcare workers are testing positive as well.
Since June 22, Idaho's daily new case count has regularly surpassed its previous peak from April, with hundreds of new people testing positive each day.
Idaho will remain in Stage 4 for at least two more weeks, ensuring that businesses maintain social distancing protocols and employers make accommodations for workers vulnerable to severe infection.
In two weeks, Little said, "we'll examine the numbers again."
Boise and its surrounding county had already reversed course, reverting to an earlier stage of the reopening plan and shuttering bars and nightclubs.
Ada County, which encompasses the city of Boise, broke course with the rest of Idaho and reverted to stage 3 on June 22.
The reversal forced bars and nightclubs to close again, reinstated work-from-home recommendations, and limited gatherings to fewer than 50 people.
Ada County has reported hundreds of new infections since June 15, after nearly two months of confirming fewer than 10 cases per day.
Louisiana postponed its next reopening phase by a month.
The state will continue in phase 2 — which allows most businesses and places of worship to operate at half capacity with social distancing — for at least another 28 days, Gov. John Bel Edwards announced on June 22. He added that officials would do "another deep data dive" in two weeks to determine whether the state was ready to move on to phase 3.
"This is not the direction we want to be headed in," Edwards said, according to WWL-TV. "We need to do a better job of wearing masks when we aren't at home."
Edwards added that the rise in cases is "more than can be fairly attributed to the growth in testing," especially since hospitalizations have risen alongside case counts.
Louisiana has reported more than 60,000 cases and 3,200 deaths.
Maine has postponed the reopening of indoor bars.
Mark Felix/AFP via Getty Images
The state's initial reopening plan called for bars to resume indoor service starting July 1. But on June 22, Gov. Janet Mills put that plan on the back-burner "until further notice."
Bars in Maine can continue outdoor service, and restaurants that have bars can continue seating guests inside with proper social distancing and capacity limitations.
"Indoor bar service typically features crowds, often in close contact with one another, often without tables or other ways of keeping people apart," Jeanne Lambrew, commissioner of the Maine Department of Health and Human Services, said of the announcement, according to the Portland Press-Herald. "Smaller spaces in many bars makes physically distancing very difficult. Further, individuals may be less likely to wear cloth face coverings in bars."
Nevada is waiting a few more weeks before considering phase 3.
Since the state reopened its casinos in early June, Nevada's seven-day average case count has risen steeply, quickly outpacing previous months.
That showed the state was "not ready" for phase 3, Gov. Steve Sisolak said when he announced the phase's postponement on June 15.
According to White House guidelines, phase 3 could allow employers to bring staff back into work without restrictions, reopen senior care facilities and hospitals to visitors, increase occupancy for bars, and allow sporting venues and movie theaters to reopen.
"Nevadans have made enormous sacrifices to get us to where we are today," Sisolak said in a press conference. "I don't want to let that all go for naught by us having to take a giant step backwards."
Nevada's case count has risen by 58% in the last two weeks.
New Jersey indefinitely postponed indoor dining, which was set to resume on July 2.
"It brings me no joy to do this, but we have no choice," Gov. Phil Murphy said in a press briefing on Monday.
Murphy tweeted that his government had made the decision after indoor dining had spurred outbreaks in other states. He also said that some bars and restaurants across New Jersey had been violating guidelines.
"Overcrowding. A complete disregard for social distancing. Very few, IF ANY, face coverings," he wrote on Twitter. "The carelessness of one establishment can completely undo the good work of many others."
New York City will have to wait for indoor dining, too, as that reopening has been delayed indefinitely.
Mayor Bill de Blasio announced the postponement on Wednesday, just a week before restaurants were set to reopen their doors.
"Indoors is the problem more and more," de Blasio said, according to The New York Times. "The news we have gotten from around the country gets worse and worse."
Though New York is not seeing the resurgence of coronavirus that is plaguing many other states, Gov. Andrew Cuomo has warned that travelers could spark new outbreaks. The tri-state area of New York, New Jersey, and Connecticut has imposed a new 14-day quarantine requirement on people traveling from 16 other states, including California, Arizona, and much of the South.
New Mexico is waiting an extra week before deciding whether to take its next reopening steps.
Mark Ralston/AFP via Getty Images
The state was set to enter the second phase of its reopening plan on July 1.
"We are clearly not there," Gov. Michelle Lujan Grisham said in a press briefing Thursday.
She attributed the increased spread to "New Mexicans getting really lax" with mask-wearing and hand-washing. Human Services Secretary David Scrase added that some new cases had come from people traveling to neighboring states like Arizona.
"The virus has not gone anywhere," Lujan Grisham said.
She added that reopenings had given Americans a "false sense of security" and that, if the trend continues, the state may have to "go backwards" and close businesses that have already reopened.
North Carolina has paused its plans to move to phase 3.
On June 24, Gov. Roy Cooper announced that the state would remain in phase 2 for another three weeks. He also mandated face masks in public places.
"North Carolina is relying on the data and the science to lift restrictions responsibly, and right now our increasing numbers show we need to hit the pause button while we work to stabilize our trends," Cooper said in a statement.
Oregon halted all new reopenings for a week in mid-June, and recently mandated face masks in indoor public places for most residents.
"This is essentially a statewide 'yellow light,'" Gov. Kate Brown said in a statement when she announced the temporary pause on county reopenings. "This one-week pause will give public-health experts time to assess what factors are driving the spread of the virus and determine if we need to adjust our approach to reopening."
Starting June 24, people in seven of Oregon's most populous counties are required to wear face masks in stores and other indoor public places.
Philadelphia is now waiting until at least August 1 to reopen indoor dining, gyms, and fitness centers.
Those businesses were originally set to reopen on Friday. The city will still allow shopping malls, casinos, museums, and libraries to open their doors, Health Commissioner Thomas Farley announced in a press briefing on Tuesday. Still, no drinking, eating, or smoking will be allowed indoors, he said.
Since Philadelphia's daily case count has climbed past 100, the city did not meet the criteria to allow indoor dining. Farley said that if cases continue to climb, the city may have to "backtrack" and close businesses again.
"We want to get our economy going as much as we can, but we don't want the virus to resurge," Farley said, according to The Philadelphia Inquirer. "So it's always a tough balancing act and we feel that this is the right decision at this point."
The city government has also asked residents not to travel to many of the Sun Belt states where infections are spiking dramatically.
Texas Gov. Greg Abbott rolled back his state's reopening plan, closing businesses and restoring restrictions on restaurants and gatherings.
Abbott announced a pause in reopening on Thursday, saying businesses that have already reopened would be allowed to continue operating at limited capacity. Then on Friday, he shifted course, shuttering bars, limiting restaurant capacity to 50%, closing tubing and rafting businesses, and mandating government approval for gatherings of 100 or more people.
The renewed restrictions came as Texas reported that more than 10% of its COVID-19 tests are coming back positive.
"The rise in cases is largely driven by certain types of activities, including Texans congregating in bars," Abbott said in a statement. "The actions in this executive order are essential to our mission to swiftly contain this virus and enhance public health. We want this to be as limited in duration as possible."
Texas was one of the first states in the country to start reopening from its coronavirus lockdown in early May. The state has seen a surge in cases since then.
On June 23 alone, more than 5,000 new cases were reported in Texas — a number Abbott described as a "massive outbreak." The next day, the state reported more than 6,500 more cases.
Washington has barred its counties from moving into phase 4 of reopening.
Gov. Jay Inslee announced Saturday that the state is "putting a pause" on moving counties to the final phase of reopening, leaving eight eligible counties in limbo.
According to the state's plan, which allows counties to reopen at different paces, phase 4 would allow all recreational activity, non-essential travel, gatherings of more than 50 people, and the reopening of nightclubs, concert venues, and large sporting events with certain precautions.
"Phase 4 would mean a return to normal activity, and we can't do that now due to the continued rise in cases across the state," Inslee said in a statement about the new order. "We all want to get back to doing all the things we love in Washington during the summer, and fully open our economy, but we aren't there yet."
Inslee has also instituted a statewide face mask mandate for anyone in public spaces.
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