In a 213-page decision, the U.S. Supreme Court on Friday ruled that the constitution does not provide a right to abortion.
The ruling in Dobbs v. Jackson Women's Health Organization allows states to regulate abortion and in Ohio that means access to the procedure will become limited and likely banned altogether.
Here is what you need to know:
What does overturning Roe mean?
The 1973 Roe v. Wade decision held that the 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution provides a fundamental "right to privacy" that protects a pregnant woman's right to an abortion. The court also overturned the 1992 Planned Parenthood v. Casey decision that said states could regulate abortion before the fetus is viable but regulations couldn't place an "undue burden" for seeking an abortion.
Under Dobbs, states can regulate abortion and state legislatures can pass laws that restrict abortion before viability.
Is abortion legal in Ohio?
Does Ohio have a trigger ban?
Thirteen states, including Kentucky, have laws on the books to ban abortions if Roe v. Wade is overturned. Ohio does not have one of these laws, often called a "trigger ban."
When will Ohio ban abortion outright?
The Republican-controlled Ohio General Assembly is expected to pass a full ban on abortion later this year. Lawmakers are on an extended break until September and some think it'll be at least November or December before a full ban bill is considered.
Gov. Mike DeWine, a consistent supporter of abortion restrictions, would sign a ban into law.
Any law would take effect 90 days later because Democrats control enough seats in the Ohio House to block immediate implementation.
Will the opinion affect gay marriage and other court precedents?
In his concurring opinion, Justice Clarence Thomas said Friday's decision doesn't affect other rights beyond access to abortion. But he suggested the court reconsider the precedent set in Obergefell v. Hodges legalizing gay marriage, along with cases that overturned sodomy laws and established the right for married people to obtain contraception, in the future.
DeWine, in an interview on WLW 700 Friday, said the state will not act to ban same-sex marriage.
Read the opinion
Laura Bischoff is a reporter for the USA TODAY Network Ohio Bureau, which serves the Columbus Dispatch, Cincinnati Enquirer, Akron Beacon Journal and 18 other affiliated news organizations across Ohio.
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This article originally appeared on The Columbus Dispatch: Supreme Court Dobbs decision: Ohio's six-week abortion ban takes effect