Former Taliban fighters prepare to hand over weapons as part of a government peace and reconciliation initiative at a ceremony in Jalalabad, Afghanistan on February 8, 2015Former Taliban fighters prepare to hand over weapons as part of a government peace and reconciliation initiative at a ceremony in Jalalabad, Afghanistan on February 8, 2015 (AFP Photo/Noorullah Shirzada)
The Afghan Taliban said their annual "spring offensive" will begin on Friday, vowing nationwide attacks in what is expected to be the bloodiest fighting season in a decade as NATO forces pull back from the frontlines. This year's offensive marks the first fighting season in which Afghan forces will battle the insurgents without the full support of US-led foreign combat troops. The militants have already stepped up attacks on government and foreign targets in recent weeks, taking a heavy toll on civilians and Afghan security forces. "The Islamic Emirate is going to launch the spring operations under the inspirational name of 'Azm' (Determination) at 5 am on 24th April 2015," the Taliban said in a statement on Wednesday, using their official name. "The main targets of these operations... will be the foreign occupiers, especially their permanent military bases... officials of the stooge regime, their military constellations, especially their intelligence, interior ministry and defence ministry officials." NATO's combat mission formally ended in December but a small follow-up foreign force has stayed on to train and support local security personnel. US President Barack Obama last month backpedalled on plans to shrink the US force in Afghanistan this year by nearly half, agreeing to keep the current level of 9,800 US troops until the end of 2015. The Taliban, who have waged a deadly insurgency since they were ousted from power in late 2001, said the announcement would damage any prospect of peace talks as they vowed to continue fighting. - Casualties rise - Aside from the Taliban, the Afghan government has also repeatedly warned of the Islamic State (IS) group making inroads into the country. President Ashraf Ghani blamed IS for a suicide attack last Saturday in the eastern city of Jalalabad that killed 33 people and wounded more than 100 others. If verified, that would mark the first major attack by the jihadists in the country. On Saturday, after months of stalemate, Afghanistan's new government announced appointees to fill every remaining post in cabinet -- save the crucial one of defence minister. The delay over the appointment has sparked fierce public criticism, with many blaming the recent uptick in deadly insurgent attacks on the leadership vacuum. The upsurge in attacks has taken a heavy toll on ordinary Afghans. The number of civilians killed and wounded jumped 22 percent in 2014 compared to the previous year, according to the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA). And in the first three months of 2015, civilian casualties from ground fighting were up eight percent on the same period last year, a new UNAMA report said. But in their statement, the Taliban said their "top priority will be given to safeguard and protect the lives and properties of the civilian people" during the offensive. The Afghan government has yet to respond to the Taliban's announcement. In a brief Twitter posting, Resolute Support, the new name for the NATO mission in Afghanistan, said: "Taliban should seek peace through political process instead of putting more innocent Afghan civilians at risk." That sentiment was echoed by Afghanistan's High Peace Council, the government body in charge of leading peace efforts with the Taliban. "Evading talks and continuing war will not solve Afghan people's problems," it said in a statement that coincided with the Taliban announcement. "The people favour peace and want to know the stance of the insurgents as soon as possible. We hope the warring sides use this historic opportunity to decide responsibly."