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ALBANY – New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo announced his resignation Tuesday in the wake of an Attorney General's Office report that found he sexually harassed 11 women, including current or former state employees.
A Queens native, Cuomo, a Democrat, spent his entire adult life in the political realm, first as a campaign manager and adviser to his father, the late Gov. Mario Cuomo, before ascending to federal housing secretary, state attorney general and eventually governor himself.
Cuomo said his resignation will take effect in 14 days. Lt. Gov. Kathy Hochul of Buffalo will make history as the first woman to serve as New York governor. She will be sworn in after Cuomo's resignation takes effect and is set to fill out the remainder of his term, which runs through 2022.
Cuomo's political career unraveled under the weight of multiple scandals that have crushed him and his administration in recent months, culminating last week in the report from state Attorney General Letitia James' office that found Cuomo sexually harassed at least 11 women — including nine current or former state employees — in violation of state and federal law.
Here's a look at the life and times of Andrew Mark Cuomo:
1957: Andrew Cuomo is born
Andrew Cuomo is born Dec. 6, 1957, in Queens, the second of Mario and Matilda Cuomo's five children. At the time, Mario Cuomo is beginning a career as a lawyer, but he will go on to enter the political realm.
1974: Cuomo's first taste of politics
With his father running in a Democratic primary for lieutenant governor, Andrew Cuomo gets his first taste of politics. Then 16 years old, he volunteers for his father's ultimately unsuccessful campaign.
"I spent my after-school hours and all summer answering phones, handing out leaflets, pouring coffee, and driving my father to campaign events," Cuomo wrote in his 2014 memoir, All Things Possible.
Mario Cuomo will eventually become Gov. Hugh Carey's secretary of state and, after winning a primary in 1978, his lieutenant governor.
1982: Mario Cuomo wins governor's race
Now 24, Andrew Cuomo serves as his father's campaign manager as he makes a run for governor. Mario Cuomo goes on to defeat New York City Mayor Ed Koch in a primary, five years after Koch bested him in a mayoral primary.
Once his father takes office in 1983, Andrew Cuomo becomes a $1-a-year special adviser.
1986: Cuomo begins HELP USA
Now working as an attorney, Cuomo founds Housing Enterprise for the Less Privileged, or HELP USA, a non-profit dedicated to building housing projects for the homeless.
The work helps him become chair of the New York City Homeless Commission in the early 1990s.
1990: Cuomo and Kerry Kennedy marry
Cuomo marries Kerry Kennedy, the daughter of Robert and Ethel Kennedy. The tabloids refer to the marriage as "Cuomolot," a play on Camelot.
1993: Cuomo leaves for Washington
Cuomo departs for Washington, having been named an assistant secretary in the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development under President Bill Clinton.
Mario Cuomo, then in his third term, will be defeated at the polls the next year by Republican George Pataki.
1997: Cuomo becomes HUD secretary
Andrew Cuomo is elevated to HUD secretary and will serve in the role through 2000, becoming Clinton's final housing secretary.
While the top official at the agency, Cuomo pushes policies to boost home ownership and clashes with Smith & Wesson over gun safety and marketing, eventually forcing the gun maker into an agreement to ward off litigation.
2002: Cuomo runs for governor; loses
With Pataki seeking a third term, Andrew Cuomo runs for governor in a Democratic primary in hopes of facing the Republican who defeated his father.
But Cuomo's campaign is ill-fated, with some Democrats viewing his decision to challenge Carl McCall — the state's Democratic comptroller and the first Black person to hold statewide office — as unseemly.
Cuomo also receives heat for saying Pataki stood behind then-New York City Mayor Rudy Giuliani and "held the leader's coat" while responding to 9/11, a politicization of the attacks that struck many the wrong way at the time.
He drops out of the race just before the Democratic primary. McCall goes on to lose to Pataki.
2003: Cuomo and Kennedy split
Cuomo and Kennedy, by now living in Westchester County, split and eventually divorce. It's splashed across the pages of the New York City tabloids.
In his memoir, Cuomo described it as a low point in his life.
"I was sad, angry, scared. Alone, " he wrote. "Separately, my political debacle and divorce were each devastating. Together the combination felt dreadful."
2006: Cuomo wins AG's race
After a few years in the private sector, Cuomo returns to politics.
He runs for state attorney general, winning a Democratic primary and easily defeating Republican Jeanine Pirro in the general election.
In his four years in the Attorney General's Office, Cuomo oversees three investigations into the conduct of Govs. Eliot Spitzer and David Paterson. At the time, he was widely believed to have his eye on another gubernatorial run.
2010: Cuomo wins governor's race
After Paterson declines to run for re-election, Cuomo enters the governor's race, clearing the Democratic field and defeating Republican Carl Paladino in the general election.
It marks a triumphant return for the Cuomo family to the governor's office and elevates Andrew Cuomo to the most powerful position he had ever held.
2011: Property-tax cap, same-sex marriage
In his first year in office, Cuomo champions a property-tax cap in his first state budget. It remains in effect today.
The governor also works steadfastly behind the scenes to garner enough support for same-sex marriage, successfully convincing four Republican senators and some hesitant Democrats to vote for the cause. It remains one of his biggest accomplishments in office and made New York the largest state at the time to legalize same-sex marriage.
2012: Cuomo champions Tappan Zee replacement
The state Thruway Authority moves ahead with plans to replace the aging Tappan Zee Bridge between Rockland and Westchester counties. The $4 billion project becomes a major focus for Cuomo, who frequently uses it as an example of the state's willingness to move ahead with major infrastructure improvements.
2013: SAFE Act passed, signed
In the wake of the Sandy Hook school shooting, Cuomo pushes for passage of the SAFE Act, a series of gun-control laws that, among other things, banned the sale of many semi-automatic firearms with features like pistol grips or bayonets.
The law is hailed by gun-control advocates but hated by many conservatives, particularly upstate.
2014: Cuomo wins re-election
Cuomo abruptly disbands the Moreland Commission to Investigate Public Corruption, a panel he had convened the year prior to investigate ethics issues in state government. The issue gains the attention of federal prosecutors, who begin investigating after it was reported Cuomo aides had interfered with the commission's work when it began looking at entities with political ties to the governor.
In November, Cuomo wins re-election, defeating Westchester County Executive Rob Astorino, a Republican, in the general election after defeating Democrat Zephyr Teachout in a primary. His lieutenant governor becomes former Rep. Kathy Hochul, who replaced former Rochester Mayor Robert Duffy after he declined to run again.
In December, Cuomo's administration announces it will ban high-scale hydraulic fracturing for natural gas, ending a lengthy review that lasted throughout Paterson's time in office and the governor's first term.
2015: Mario Cuomo dies
Former Gov. Mario Cuomo, Andrew's father, dies on Jan. 1, 2015. His death came within hours of Andrew Cuomo being sworn in for a second term.
2016: Cuomo's top aide charged
In January, U.S. Attorney Preet Bharara's office announces Cuomo will not face charges for disbanding the Moreland Commission, citing "insufficient evidence to prove a federal crime."
Bharara, however, does bring charges later in the year against Joseph Percoco, one of Cuomo's top aides and closest friends. Percoco is accused of taking more than $300,000 from companies that leaned on him to help with state-related issues; He was ultimately convicted and is now serving six years in federal prison.
Bharara also brings charges against several people involved in Cuomo's marquee economic-development program, the Buffalo Billion. Among those charged and ultimately convicted is SUNY Polytechnic Institute President Alain Kaloyeros and Steve Aiello, head of COR Development and a Cuomo donor.
2017: Part of Tappan Zee replacement, named after Mario Cuomo, opens
Cuomo's administration opens up the Rockland-bound span of the new Tappan Zee Bridge, marking a major milestone for one of the biggest infrastructure projects in the country.
The governor cuts a deal with state lawmakers to name the new bridge after his late father — a deal that angered Hudson Valley residents who had grown accustomed to the Tappan Zee name.
Now, the bridge is known as the Governor Mario M. Cuomo Bridge, though locals still refer to it as the Tappan Zee.
2018: Cuomo wins re-election again
The second span of what is now known as the Mario Cuomo Bridge opens to traffic.
State Senate Democrats, meanwhile, win a clear majority at the polls, giving the party total control of the Senate, Assembly and governor's office the next year.
2019: Democrats in control
With Democrats in control, the Legislature passes and Cuomo signs a series of progressive-minded legislation that Senate Republicans had previously opposed.
Among the new laws are voting reforms meant to improve turnout, a Reproductive Health Act that bolstered the state's pro-choice laws, and a measure making it easier for employees to sue their employer for sexual harassment.
2020: Cuomo's national popularity explodes
Cuomo's national profile reaches new heights as he becomes a leading Democratic voice during the COVID-19 pandemic.
His daily briefings and PowerPoint presentations gain an international audience as cable news networks broadcast them live each day. He makes frequent appearances on talk shows and news shows, including a CNN show hosted by his younger brother, Chris.
Cuomo writes a book about the early days of the pandemic and the state's response. It becomes a New York Times Best Seller.
In December, a former Cuomo aide, Lindsey Boylan, accuses the governor of sexual harassment. Few details are provided at the time, though Cuomo denies the accusation.
2021: Cuomo resigns
Cuomo's star turn rapidly unravels under the weight of multiple scandals.
For months in 2020, Cuomo and his administration refused to reveal the true number of nursing home residents who died of COVID-19 in hospitals, instead only releasing the number of those who died in the homes itself.
On Jan. 28, state Attorney General Letitia James issues a report estimating the true nursing home death toll was 50% higher when including the hospital deaths. Within hours, Cuomo's administration releases the hospital figure; the nursing home deaths climbs from around 8,000 to around 12,000.
In late February, Boylan provides more detail about her sexual harassment claims, accusing Cuomo of kissing her on the lips without consent as she left a one-on-one meeting in his Manhattan office.
Several other women follow with their own claims of harassment or misconduct by Cuomo, including Charlotte Bennett, a 25-year-old former aide who accuses the governor of asking her repeated, invasive questions about her personal life, including whether she would be with an older man.
On March 10, the Times Union of Albany reports a Cuomo aide claims the governor summoned her to the Executive Mansion in late 2020. When alone in a room, she claims Cuomo reached under her blouse and groped her.
After the report, the governor's office refers the incident to Albany Police as an obligation under state policy. Cuomo denies the incident and, at the time, refuses to resign.
At the time, Cuomo remains defiant even after state Senate Majority Leader Andrea Stewart-Cousins, U.S. Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer, Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand and 16 of New York's 19 congressional Democrats call on him to step down.
On July 23, The Justice Department says it will not open a civil rights investigation into New York's handling of COVID-19 deaths at state-run nursing homes.
Federal prosecutors in New York City are still believed to be investigating a state policy in March 2020 that pressed nursing homes to accept COVID-positive residents, an order that was overturned two months later.
Additionally, the nursing home situation is being investigated as part of a wide-ranging impeachment investigation by the Assembly Judiciary Committee, while James investigates Cuomo over a $5 million book deal he got to write about the state's COVID response.
On Aug. 3, Attorney General James issues a 165-page report that provided corroborated accounts of harassment by the Democratic governor.
The accounts include unwanted groping, kissing, hugging and inappropriate comments, including claims from one executive assistant who says Cuomo reached under her blouse and grabbed her breast.
The report also contends Cuomo and his senior staff had retaliated against Boylan, fostered a toxic workplace that enabled the harassment to occur and created a hostile work environment.
In a taped response broadcast shortly after the report is released, Cuomo denies wrongdoing and questions the independence of the investigators, reiterating a stance he has taken in recent weeks.
In his video, Cuomo makes clear he intends to remain on the job as governor. Later in the day, President Joe Biden called on Cuomo to resign.
On. Aug. 10, Cuomo announced his resignation under the weight of a sexual-harassment scandal that engulfed his administration and derailed his political future, capping a remarkable and rapid fall for a governor whose national profile had risen to extraordinary heights during the coronavirus pandemic.
Jon Campbell is a New York state government reporter for the USA TODAY Network. He can be reached at JCAMPBELL1@Gannett.com or on Twitter at @JonCampbellGAN.
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This article originally appeared on New York State Team: Andrew Cuomo: A timeline of the NY governor's life and political career