By Brendan Pierson and Jonathan Stempel
NEW YORK (Reuters) - A U.S. appeals court on Tuesday handed President Donald Trump another defeat in his bid to keep his financial records secret, directing Deutsche Bank AG <DBKGn.DE> and Capital One Financial Corp <COF.N> to comply with subpoenas from congressional Democrats demanding the material.
A three-judge panel of the Manhattan-based 2nd U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals ruled 2-1 against Trump's bid to block two House of Representatives committees from enforcing subpoenas issued in April to the two banks seeking the documents. Trump is expected to appeal the case to the U.S. Supreme Court.
The 2nd Circuit rejected Trump's arguments that Congress lacked a valid purpose for seeking his records and that disclosure of the material would compromise his and his family's privacy and distract the Republican president from his duties.
The material sought by the committees include records of accounts, transactions and investments linked to Trump, his three oldest children, their immediate family members and several Trump Organization entities.
"The Committees' interests in pursuing their constitutional legislative function is a far more significant public interest than whatever public interest inheres in avoiding the risk of a Chief Executive's distraction arising from disclosure of documents reflecting his private financial transactions," Judge Jon Newman wrote in the ruling.
Trump had sued the two banks in an effort to prevent the disclosure of his financial records. U.S. District Judge Edgardo Ramos ruled in May that the subpoenas could be enforced, prompting Trump to appeal.
"We believe the subpoenas at issue are not valid," said Jay Sekulow, a lawyer for Trump. "In light of the 2nd Circuit decision, we are evaluating our next options including seeking review at the Supreme Court of the United States."
The Supreme Court's 5-4 conservative majority includes two justices appointed by Trump.
Democratic House of Representatives Speaker Nancy Pelosi called the ruling "another victory for the rule of law, our constitution and our American democracy."
Leaders of the two House panels that issued the subpoenas - Maxine Waters of the Financial Services Committee and Adam Schiff of the Intelligence Committee - said in a statement the ruling "ensures that a significant amount of the materials sought by our committees will continue to be produced."
In separate legal cases, Trump also has sought to block House Democrats from obtaining his tax and financial records from his long-time accounting firm.
The subpoenas involved in Tuesday's ruling were issued months before House Democrats began an inquiry in September into whether there were grounds to impeach Trump over his request to Ukraine to investigate Democratic political rival Joe Biden and his son Hunter Biden.
Trump, running for re-election in 2020, has fought hard to keep his financial and tax records private. He broke with tradition by not releasing his tax returns as a candidate in 2016 and as president.
A PRINCIPAL LENDER
Germany's Deutsche Bank has long been a principal lender for Trump's real estate business. A 2017 disclosure form showed that Trump had at least $130 million of liabilities to the bank.
"As we have said previously, we remain committed to providing appropriate information to all authorized investigations and will abide by a court order regarding such investigations," a Deutsche Bank spokesman said of Tuesday's decision.
Capital One did not immediately respond to a request for comment.
The House Financial Services Committee and the Intelligence Committee subpoenaed Deutsche Bank for records related to Trump, three of his children and the Trump Organization. Lawmakers have said the requests are part of a wider investigation into money laundering and foreign influence over U.S. politics.
The Financial Services Committee subpoenaed Virginia-based Capital One, seeking records related to the Trump Organization's hotel business.
The two banks have said the records involved in the case do not include Trump's tax returns.
Congressional investigators have already identified possible failures in Deutsche Bank's money laundering controls in its dealings with Russian oligarchs, people familiar with the matter have told Reuters.
Judge Debra Ann Livingston dissented from the ruling, saying Trump and his family raised "serious constitutional questions" about congressional authority to enforce "deeply troubling" subpoenas seeking "voluminous" financial records, and deserved a chance to object to disclosure of more sensitive materials.
Newman was appointed by President Jimmy Carter, a Democrat. Livingston was appointed by President George W. Bush, a Republican. Newman was joined in the ruling by Judge Peter Hall, a Bush appointee.
The Supreme Court as soon as Dec. 13 will decide whether to hear Trump's appeal of lower court rulings that directed Mazars LLP, his accounting firm, to provide local prosecutors in New York Trump's personal and corporate tax returns from 2011 to 2018 as part of a criminal investigation.
Trump also is due to file to the Supreme Court by Thursday his appeal of a court ruling in Washington directing Mazars to turn over his financial records to the House Oversight Committee. The Supreme Court last week put the lower court ruling on hold to give Trump time to appeal.
(Reporting by Brendan Pierson and Jonathan Stempel in New York; Additional reporting by Karen Freifeld in New York and Lawrence Hurley in Washington; Editing by Will Dunham and Chizu Nomiyama)