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Business Insider analyzed salary data for thousands of workers to reveal how much large tech companies pay.
We crunched the numbers for companies including Airbnb, Amazon, Apple, Facebook, Google, Microsoft, Salesforce, Snap, and Uber.
The data, which US companies report in visa applications for foreign workers, sheds light on how engineers, designers, and others are compensated in the competitive industry.
Big US technology companies have powered their way through the pandemic, posting impressive growth, minting money, and hiring rapidly.
In July of last year, the tech-industry association CompTIA reported that the sector experienced job growth in 10 out of the previous 12 months — a standout performance given the lockdowns last year. Tech firms added more than 80,000 workers in the US through the first half of 2021, it added.
Google's parent company, Alphabet, hired more than 4,000 employees in the second quarter alone. Overall, more than 300,000 open tech jobs were posted in June, with software and app developers, IT-support specialists and project managers, systems engineers and architects, and systems analysts in highest demand. Jobs in emerging tech, such as AI, accounted for more than a quarter of open positions.
Companies are required to disclose information including salary (or, in some cases, salary ranges) when they hire foreign workers under the H-1B visa program, giving insight into what these tech giants are willing to shell out for talent.
So, to get a sense of what salaries in the industry are like these days, Business Insider analyzed the US Office of Foreign Labor Certification's disclosure data for permanent and temporary foreign workers to find out what companies pay employees in key roles, including engineers, designers, and salespeople.
When you're done checking out this industry data, take a look at Insider's searchable database of over 250,000 salaries from more than 250 companies so you can know how much you should be paid.
Google's software engineers can make more than $300,000.
Google is often touted as one of the best places to work, with compensation to match.
A software engineer was offered $353,000, a vice president of engineering can get $475,000, and a senior vice president recently took in an annual salary of $650,000.
The company's Cloud business has been aggressively building out its workforce as it tries to catch its larger cloud rivals Amazon Web Services and Microsoft Azure.
Here's a peek at the salaries Google Cloud pays US-based engineers, managers, and more.
Amazon cloud-solutions architects are paid $90,800 to $185,000, depending on location and skills.
Amazon's cloud unit, now run by Adam Selipsky, has continued hiring for technical and business talent to support its dominant cloud-computing business.
Insider reviewed more than 200 H-1B visas that Amazon's cloud unit applied for from January to June to reveal how much it paid software developers, data scientists, marketers, salespeople, business analysts, and more. The highest-paid employees, according to that data, can make as much as $185,000 in base salary.
Senior marketing jobs at Apple can pay up to $325,000.
Analysts have predicted that the tech giant is on track to become the first company to hit $3 trillion in market value this year after being the first to reach the $1 trillion and $2 trillion marks — and Apple is bringing on a cadre of visa-holding overseas workers to help it.
Apple's advertising is legendary, and its broader marketing efforts are integral to the company's success. The iPhone maker regularly gets attention for its cinematic campaigns. The company sponsors visas for a range of well-paid marketing jobs.
Most salaries at Dell are in the six-figure range — with some exceptions
Heightened demand for hardware during the pandemic led to record earnings for companies like Dell despite supply chain woes. Some employees reaped nearly $200,000 for their part in the company's boom.
While senior-level roles tend to be top earners, an Insider analysis of 381 approved H-1B visas for Dell workers found that a technical staff member in software engineering based in Texas earned $198,083.
It's a top range salary, but many other roles across engineering, analyst and sales positions earned at least six figures — with exceptions, like some business and sales analysts.
Senior DoorDash jobs in engineering and sales make upwards of $250,000
DoorDash's service has become a staple for households around the country. The company is getting into rapid grocery delivery and expanding overseas, and it has been paying to attract the right employees for these growing ambitions.
A software engineer at DoorDash can make as much as $250,000 in annual salary, according to compensation data compiled by Insider. A project manager on the growth side can pull in $240,000 a year. And on the business side, a director of sales strategy and operations is paid $265,000 a year.
These high salaries across technical and business roles reflect the company's need to attract talent as it competes against big rivals.
HPE employees designing software earn up to $232,259
Hewlett Packard Enterprise's next move, through partnerships like one with networking startup Pensando, is developing hardware that will help the enterprise process data close to where it lives.
It's heavily investing in its staff to do so. Insider analyzed approved visas for HPE workers and found software employees throughout California, North Carolina and Texas consistently earning $160,000 to $232,259.
IBM employees can make as much as $335,000 in base salary.
IBM's 2019 purchase of the open-source-software firm Red Hat for $34 billion was a defining moment when the company bet big on hybrid cloud and artificial intelligence. Part of IBM's reinvention includes growing its 350,000-strong employee base to add engineering talent in cloud, hybrid cloud, and AI, as well as in fields like strategy, consulting, and business analysis.
Business Insider analyzed the 241 H-1B visas IBM applied for since January to find out what it pays engineers, business analysts and consultants, digital strategists, and more. The highest-paid IBM employees can make as much as $335,000 in base salary, according to that data.
Instacart has more than 100 open positions
Instacart under new CEO Fidji Simo is doubling down on working with grocery stores for its delivery service. And the company is hiring up on the corporate side to carry this strategy out.
Right now the company has more than 100 open positions listed on its website. And a look at the salaries it's paying shows the company is willing to spend big, especially for technical roles.
An engineering manager makes $240,000 in salary; senior software engineers make upwards of $190,000. On the business side, an account executive makes $160,000.
Intel engineering managers can make more than $300,000.
For all of this, Intel relies on scientists, researchers, managers, marketers, and different types of software and hardware engineers.
Engineering roles at Lyft range make between $122,000 and $189,100
Lyft may be the second place ridesharing company by revenue, but employee salaries are still on par with its number one competitor, Uber.
Engineers at Lyft — depending on the speciality — can earn between $122,000 and $189,100, with engineering managers making $235,654. The averages are based on an Insider analysis of salary data from the US Office of Foreign Labor Certification.
A Facebook engineering director can make roughly $360,000
Facebook employees consistently make well into the six figures. An in-house ad-agency director hired in the past year earns a salary of just over $330,000. An engineering director makes roughly $360,000.
Pay depends on the job, of course, but increasingly on where the worker is based, too. A data analyst in California, for example, makes $130,000 to $150,000 a year. One data analyst in Texas makes $128,000, and another $111,000. A software engineer in New York makes $160,000. One in Rhode Island and another in Texas make $118,000 a year.
Microsoft's highest-paying jobs include software engineers, sales managers, and researchers.
We analyzed Microsoft's more than 1,400 active foreign-worker visas in 2020 to find the titles with the highest salaries and provided a salary range for each role.
We focused this list on roles that pay $175,000 or more at the high end of the range and categorized them based on information we found in job postings. The highest salary we found, for a channel sales manager, was $250,000.
In internal Microsoft surveys obtained by Business Insider, 55% of staff said in 2020 that their combined salary, bonus, and equity was competitive with similar jobs at other companies, down from 65% in 2017.
A senior manager of software engineering at Salesforce is paid more than $215,000.
Salesforce is embracing a hybrid mindset, giving employees the option to work remotely part time, and it expects to increase its number of permanently remote workers, too.
That flexibility is opening up talent pools for the company. Last September, the company said it was planning to add over 12,000 jobs over the next year. And Chief People Officer Brent Hyder told the San Francisco Chronicle last April that Salesforce's hiring spree this year would exceed 15,000 employees.
Insider analyzed the 206 H-1B visas Salesforce applied for from January to March to find out how much it paid workers in areas like engineering, data analytics, and product management. Software engineers can make more than $200,000 in salary, the data showed.
Snap offers base salaries ranging from $59,000 to $500,000.
Snap, the company behind Snapchat, has had a growth spurt. And it's been staffing up to support ambitions in areas like augmented reality, short-form video, and original shows. The company now has about 4,000 employees in 15 countries.
Snap said in May that it was committed to paying all employees a livable wage that "contributes to healthy work-life integration and to the local economy in which we work." It offers a minimum of $15,000 in equity grants to new hires and said its baseline annual pay rate for employees at its headquarters in Santa Monica is $70,000.
In late 2020 and 2021, Snap offered annual base salaries ranging from $59,000 to $500,000 for various roles, according to data from H-1B visa applications analyzed by Business Insider.
TikTok salaries range from $60,000 to nearly half a million dollars
ByteDance and its subsidiary TikTok, the social media app that skyrocketed in popularity last year, paid employees $59,700 to $480,000 in 2020 and 2021, according to approved foreign labor certification applications reviewed by Insider.
Technology roles trended toward the high end of the pay scale, with senior engineering directors taking home $440,000 to $480,000 annually. At the low end, staff accountants earned $59,700 and HR generalists made $68,408.
Across all positions, the median annual base salary at TikTok and ByteDance was $188,500.
Uber competes with the biggest Silicon Valley companies, and its salaries show that.
Though Uber has gone through rounds of job cuts in recent years, its compensation for many full-time positions is competitive with the biggest Silicon Valley tech firms.
Senior engineers can earn salaries of well over $200,000, while data scientists can pull in almost $150,000 and senior product managers can make about $190,000 or more, excluding any equity or bonus.
Lyft competes for similar talent.
Waymo pays $122,000 to $300,000, depending on the type of job and location.
Few industries are blowing up like artificial intelligence and big data. PitchBook estimated that spending on AI software and hardware would reach $138 billion in 2021 and grow at a rate of 23% in the next three years.
All that investment fuels an equally explosive jobs market. The job-search site ZipRecruiter showed more than 60,000 AI-engineer jobs listed. Those roles pay very well, with annual compensation as high as $304,500.
Business Insider analyzed US visa-application data from the first quarter of 2021 for permanent and temporary foreign workers to find out what 10 top AI companies pay engineers, researchers, and other professionals in the field of big data and machine learning.
Waymo relies heavily on AI to train the software that controls its autonomous vehicles. The Alphabet unit pays $122,000 to $300,000, depending on the type of job and location, according to the data.
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