An indigenous man from the Arara tribe at a protest camp in Brasilia on April 25, 2019: some 4,000 indigenous people from different tribes are taking part in protests against encroachments by loggers, miners and farmers on their traditional lands
Brasília (AFP) - Police arrested at least 19 people in raids across Brazil Thursday that targeted environmental protection officials and companies allegedly involved in illegal logging in the Amazon rainforest.
The operation coincided with a huge protest in the capital Brasilia by indigenous people demanding better protection of their lands from miners, loggers and farmers, as well as new reports sounding the alarm over rampant destruction of the Amazon.
Federal police officers armed with 29 arrest warrants and more than 100 search and seizure orders carried out the operation in eight states and the Brasilia federal district.
They targeted those involved in the "illegal extraction, exploitation and trade of wood" as well as corrupt officials inside environmental protection agencies and timber companies, police said in a statement.
Some 50 million reais ($12 million) belonging to companies under investigation was also frozen.
A former employee of the Brazilian Institute of Environment and Renewable Resources was among 19 people arrested, a federal police spokesman told AFP.
The investigation that led to Thursday's raids had already resulted in the seizure of 400 containers holding 8,000 cubic meters of wood in December 2017 in the river port of Manaus, the main city of the Amazon.
The illegal shipment included "140 containers for export to countries in Europe, Asia and North America," the police statement said.
The raids come as thousands of indigenous people from across the country stage an annual three-day protest in the capital to defend hard-won land rights they fear could be eroded by far-right President Jair Bolsonaro, a champion of mining and agribusiness who took power on January 1.
Their concerns were reinforced Thursday by a global report showing that an expanse of tropical forest nearly the size of England was destroyed in 2018 -- a quarter of it in Brazil, home to around 60 percent of the Amazon rainforest.
Nearly a third of primary forest destruction in the world took place in Brazil (13,500 square kilometers, 5,200 square miles), according to the annual assessment from scientists at Global Forest Watch (GFW).
Rainforests are the planet's richest repository of wildlife and a critical sponge for soaking up planet-heating CO2.
In response to the GFW report, Brazil's foreign ministry told AFP the Latin American country was "firmly committed to reconciling agricultural production and environmental preservation."
"We are an example of how this conciliation is not only desirable but also fully achievable," it said in a statement.
Amid growing tensions over the Amazon, a separate report on Thursday accused companies in Europe and North America of "complicity" in the destruction of the rainforest by trading with and investing in Brazilian companies linked to illegal deforestation.
"If they continue to support Brazilian companies, they should be ready to shoulder the blame for the destruction of rainforests and the abuse of indigenous peoples," said US activist group Amazon Watch.