#BreaktheBias: What to know about International Women's Day and the theme for 2022

March 8, 2021: A girl puts flowers at an installation of women's red shoes displayed on staircase, as a symbol to denounce violence against women, at Durresi main square in Tirana, Albania on International Women's Day.
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Selfies of people crossing their arms to strike an "x" pose on social media show solidarity with the theme of International Women’s Day 2022.

This year’s campaign theme— #BreaktheBias —spotlights the individual and collective biases against women that fuel gender inequality.

“Whether deliberate or unconscious, bias makes it difficult for women to move ahead,” the International Women’s Day website reads. “Knowing that bias exists isn’t enough, action is needed to level the playing field.

“Are you in? Will you actively call out gender bias, discrimination and stereotyping each time you see it?

Here's what to know about International Women's Day 2022:

What (and when) is International Women’s Day?

International Women’s Day is observed annually on March 8 and celebrates the global “social, economic, cultural and political achievements of women,” according to the International Women’s Day website. The day also calls for action to advance gender equality.

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When was International Women’s Day first celebrated?

The day was born out of the women’s rights movement in industrializing countries during the early 1900s.

The Socialist Party of America first declared National Women’s Day in 1909. It would be observed on the last Sunday of February until 1913. In 1910, at the second International Conference of Working Women, a gathering of women from activist and political organizations in Copenhagen, the idea of an International Women’s Day was proposed and approved.

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The day would be observed for the first time the following year on March 19, 1911 in several European countries. The celebrations included rallies and events calling for women’s right to vote and an end to gender discriminations.

March 8 has been the fixed date for International Women’s Day since 1914, when the day was moved to be in line with Russian women who celebrated the day on February 23 on the Gregorian calendar.

The United Nations first recognized International Women’s Day in 1975.

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How do we celebrate International Women’s Day?

There are various ways to celebrate International Women’s Day. Observance can include participation in all manner of digital and in-person social gatherings, including festivals, art exhibitions, and awards ceremonies among others organized by all kinds of governmental, nongovernmental and corporate institutions.

Some of this year’s events include a webinar featuring women in leadership hosted by nonprofit Toastmasters International and another virtual event celebrating local women in Kalamazoo County, MI who have brought about positive change during the pandemic among.

The International Women’s Day website keeps an extensive searchable list of events around the world.

The was launched in 2001 to help consolidate organizing for the day and create annual themes and campaigns.

Last year’s theme was #ChooseToChallenge, which hoped to inspire people to challenge gender stereotypes and biases.

What is the theme for this year’s International Women’s Day?

This year’s theme is #BreakTheBias and asks the world to call out instances of bias against women in the workplace, at school and at home.

The campaign asks that people show their support for this year’s theme by posting selfies to social media posing with their arms crossed along with the hashtags #BreaktheBias and #IWD2022.

People can also submit their selfies to the International Women’s Day website.

What color do you wear on International Women’s Day 2022?

People have traditionally worn purple on International Women’s day. Purple, along with green and white are considered the colors of International Women’s Day, according to the website. These colors have roots in the United Kingdom’s Women’s Social and Political Union from the early 1900’s.

This article originally appeared on USA TODAY: International Women's Day 2022: This year's theme and how to celebrate