BRICS back Paris agreement, oppose Syria military solution

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Brazil BRICS Summit

Russia's President Vladimir Putin leaves a meeting with members of the Business Council and management of the New Development Bank during the BRICS emerging economies at the Itamaraty palace in Brasilia, Brazil, Thursday, Nov. 14, 2019. (AP Photo/Pavel Golovkin, Pool)

BRASILIA, Brazil (AP) — Members of the BRICS group of nations said Thursday that they are committed to implementing the Paris climate agreement and there cannot be a military solution to Syria’s conflict.

The declaration issued by leaders of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa at a summit in Brasilia stressed commitment to shoring up multilateralism and the United Nation’s central role in international issues.

Russia’s Vladimir Putin and China’s Xi Jinping earlier particularly urged large emerging nations to assume a larger role in multilateral institutions.

“BRICS states should take up the leading role in U.N. with more initiative,” Putin said. “We should be more active in promoting a peaceful agenda. We should uniting like-minded countries to resolve essential global and regional issues.”

The statement committed to Syria’s “territorial integrity,” just weeks after Russia struck an agreement with Turkey to create a safe zone along the Turkey-Syria border following Turkey’s incursion there.

It also supported a two-state solution for Israel, saying it would allow Israelis and Palestinians to live together peacefully. Brazil’s Jair Bolsonaro has forged close ties with Israel’s Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, helping drive his support among Brazilian Jews and evangelical Christians.

Bolsonaro last year proposed moving Brazil’s Israel embassy to Jerusalem, which would’ve meant shifting traditional foreign policy away from support of a two-state solution and vexed Arab nations. Last month, Bolsonaro toured three Arab countries -- Saudi Arabia, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates -- and patched up relations.

The statement from the BRICS also expressed “serious concern” with the possibility of an arms race in space, and said negotiation of a binding multilateral instrument for the issue is urgently needed. Bolsonaro in his speech highlighted the advance of a “constellation” of BRICS satellites.

The statement also called for greater influence of emerging markets at the International Monetary Fund, and for reform of the World Trade Organization to guarantee its efficacy in the face of current and future challenges. Trade is an issue of particular concern to China, which is in the midst of a trade war with the U.S.

“Economic globalization is facing some reversals, which to some extent reveals the deficiencies, the failures present in the system of international governance,” Xi said. He added that BRICS nations should “pressure in favor of reform of the global governance system. We should defend multilateralism, and increase the voice and weight of emerging countries.”