Thailand has an estimated 4,000 domesticated elephants, many working in the tourism trade, alongside some 2,500 wild elephants
Bangkok (AFP) - A British tourist has been trampled to death by an elephant on the Thai tourist island of Koh Samui, police said Tuesday, the latest deadly attack by animals used to entertain holidaymakers.
The man, identified by police as Gareth Crowe, 36, was riding on the animal's back with his daughter on Monday afternoon when it suddenly threw them off, police said.
"We suspect that the hot weather made the elephant angry and that he was not accustomed to his mahout," Paiboon Omark, Samui district chief, told AFP.
A mahout is the person who trains, controls and rides an elephant, usually after years of building up a close bond with the animal.
Paiboon said Crowe had a prosthetic leg and was unable to run away from the marauding pachyderm.
His daughter and the mahout, a Myanmar national, were both injured but escaped and were out of danger, he added.
The elephant, named "Golf", was tranquillised and brought under control, he said.
A spokesman at the British embassy said they were aware of the incident and were providing assistance to the victim's family.
Thailand has an estimated 4,000 domesticated elephants, many working in the tourism trade, alongside some 2,500 wild elephants.
In August, an elephant killed his mahout with three terrified Chinese tourists still on his back. The tourists survived.
Thailand's use of animals for tourism is under increased scrutiny following a string of scandals and investigations by rights groups.
The government is currently locked in a battle with a controversial "Tiger Temple" that refuses to hand over hundreds of big cats despite holding them illegally.
In 2013, the pop star Rihanna inadvertently highlighted another thriving illegal trade when she posted a selfie with a slow loris.
The endangered primates are a protected species yet are often found with illegal handlers in tourist regions who charge holidaymakers for pictures.
Conservationists are meeting with Thai government officials on Wednesday to lobby for better animal welfare standards across the tourism trade.
"In my view, male elephants should not be in the tourism industry, they're simply too unpredictable," Edwin Wiek, from Wildlife Friends of Thailand, one of the groups attending the meeting, told AFP.
He added that almost all the killings of mahouts and tourists during rides in recent years had involved male elephants, sometimes when they are in must, a state associated with the rutting season when males display aggressive behaviour fuelled by a surge of testosterone.