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Previously, the governor has mostly left water regulation to local water authorities, AP reports.
The state is currently facing immense drought with extremely limited water supply as it approaches the dry summer season. About 95 per cent of California is currently in a “severe drought”, according to the US government drought monitor.
“Californians made significant changes since the last drought but we have seen an uptick in water use, especially as we enter the summer months,” the governor said in a statement from his office. “We all have to be more thoughtful about how to make every drop count.”
If local conservation doesn’t work, the state could put mandatory restrictions in place, the statement notes.
On Tuesday, the State Water Resources Control Board will vote on a series of proposed regulations including requiring local water authorities to potentially restrict some water use and a ban on watering “non-functional turf” on commerical, industrial and institutional properties, according to the governor’s office’s statement.
Some local authorities have already taken action to restrict water use. Last month, officials in southern California limited outdoor watering to one day per week starting in June for parts of Los Angeles, Ventura and San Bernadino counties.
As a result of this year’s drought, the state’s reservoirs have shrunk significantly – with the two largest reaching “criticaly low levels” this month.
Around a third of the state’s drinking water comes from melting snowpack in the Sierra Nevada mountains, but snow has rapidly dwindled this year. As of today, the state’s mountains have about 11 per cent of the snow they’d normally have.
In one spot outside Lake Tahoe, water officials found no snow a few weeks ago.
The climate crisis will likely further exacerbate water issues in California. By the end of the century, the state’s Water Resources Department expects that snowpack on April 1 will decrease by 48 to 65 per cent.
A study in 2015 also found that the climate crisis will increase the likelihood of drought years.
But these issues aren’t limited to California. That state’s current drought – now going on its third year – is part of the larger 20-year “megadrought” crippling the western US, imperilling ecosystems and water supplies across the region.