By Megha Rajagopalan and Koh Gui Qing BEIJING (Reuters) - China will ease family planning restrictions to allow all couples to have two children after decades of a strict one-child policy, the ruling Communist Party said on Thursday, a move aimed at alleviating demographic strains on the economy. The policy is a major liberalization of the country's family planning restrictions, already eased in late 2013 when Beijing said it would allow more families to have two children when the parents met certain conditions. A growing number of scholars had urged the government to reform the rules, introduced in the late 1970s to prevent population growth spiraling out of control, but now regarded as outdated and responsible for shrinking China's labor pool. For the first time in decades the working age population fell in 2012, and China, the world's most populous nation, could be the first country in the world to get old before it gets rich. By around the middle of this century, one in every three Chinese is forecast to be over 60, with a dwindling proportion of working adults to support them. The announcement was made at the close of a key Party meeting focused on financial reforms and maintaining growth between 2016 and 2020 amid concerns over the country's slowing economy. China will "fully implement a policy of allowing each couple to have two children as an active response to an ageing population", the party said in a statement carried by the official Xinhua news agency. There were no immediate details on the new policy or a timeframe for implementation. Wang Feng, a leading expert on demographic and social change in China, called the change an "historic event" that would change the world but said the challenges of China's aging society would remain. "It's an event that we have been waiting for a generation, but it is one we have had to wait much too long for," Wang said. "It won't have any impact on the issue of the aging society, but it will change the character of many young families," Wang said. TOO LITTLE, TOO LATE? Under the 2013 reform, couples in which one parent is an only child were allowed to have a second child. Critics said the relaxation of rules was too little, too late to redress substantial negative effects of the one-child policy on the economy and society. Many couples who were allowed to have another child under the 2013 rules decided not to, especially in the cities, citing the cost of bringing up children in an increasingly expensive country. State media said in January that about 30,000 families in Beijing, just 6.7 percent of those eligible, applied to have a second child. The Beijing government had said last year that it expected an extra 54,200 births annually as a result of the change in rules. Chinese people took to microblogging site Weibo, China's answer to Twitter, to welcome the move, but many said they probably would not opt for a second child. "I can't even afford to raise one, let alone two," wrote one user. Couples who flout family planning laws in China are, at minimum, fined, some lose their jobs, and in some cases mothers are forced to abort their babies or be sterilized. In Washington, White House spokesman Josh Earnest welcomed China's move but indicated it did not go far enough. "While this recent policy change does represent a positive step, we also look forward to the day when birth limits are abandoned altogether," Earnest said during a news briefing. William Nee, a China researcher at human rights campaign group Amnesty International, also urged China to go farther. "China should immediately and completely end its control over people's decisions to have children. This would not only be good for improving human rights, but would also make sense given the stark demographic challenges that lie ahead," he said. CHARGING GROWTH The plenum also announced plans to attack other structural economic challenges, covering areas such as market pricing, innovation, consumption and more private ownership of assets. The Party reiterated its goal of doubling GDP and incomes between 2010 and 2020 - entailing a "medium-high economic growth target" - and committed to liberalizing its service sector to foreign investment. It said it would accelerate implementation of free-trade zones, and intervene less in the pricing of goods and services. However, it did not give a figure for its next five-year growth target. Chinese social media was buzzing earlier on Thursday with comments purportedly made by Premier Li Keqiang saying 6.53 percent was the mininum growth rate China needed to become moderately prosperous. "Not a lot of new stuff," said Chang Liu, China economist at Capital Economics in London. He noted that the commitment to put more state assets into pension funds would be a desirable way to get state money into private hands, with potential trickle-down effects on consumption, but was skeptical of implementation. "I think that's one of the tougher ones to carry out, given vested interests." The restated focus on innovation is getting more and more policy support as China tries to push its companies to move more quickly up the value chain. (Additional reporting by Michael Martina, Doina Chiacu in Washington; Writing by Ben Blanchard and Pete Sweeney; Editing by Will Waterman and Marguerita Choy)
Our goal is to create a safe and engaging place for users to connect over interests and passions. In order to improve our community experience, we are temporarily suspending article commenting
- Ellwood City Ledger
The Commonwealth Court recount results have been certified in Lawrence County
- Atlanta Black Star
‘She Should Spend Time In Prison’: Former DA Accused of ‘Showing Favor’ to the McMichaels Awaits Her Day In Court on Charges Over Delayed Arrests In Ahmaud Arbery’s Slaying
The men convicted of killing Ahmaud Arbery are not the only ones facing prison time for the February 2020 murder. Former Georgia District Attorney Jackie […]
- Detroit Free Press
Ford CEO Jim Farley responded to actor Dwayne Johnson giving a Navy veteran his personal F-150 Raptor.
- Footwear News
The Palm Beach, Fla., resident, who permanently relocated from New York and Washington, D.C., looked elegant as she served her community ahead of the Thanksgiving holiday through the Be Best children's program she established as a first lady when her husband, Donald Trump, was in office.
- Miami Herald
A mom in Florida helped her son out in a pinch. Actually, more than a pinch.
- Spartans Wire
REPORT: Michigan State football could be missing up to 20 players against Penn State
- Atlanta Black Star
‘He’s Not Breathing’: Black Teen Tased, Pepper-Sprayed During Texas School Protests As Students Look On In Horror, Some Trying to Help
Social media is ablaze after video emerged on Friday, Nov. 19, of police pepper-spraying and tasing a Black teenage student during a wide-scale disruption at […]
- CBS News
Some areas could see see more than 8 inches of snow this weekend.
- USA TODAY Sports - Golfweek
For all the build-up, for all the speculation, the man who had missed two cuts in a row on the PGA Tour put on a clinic.
- NBC Sports BayArea
Klay Thompson is nearing his return to the Warriors' lineup, and the emotion appears to be taking over.
Famed investor Jeremy Grantham says the next decline will be 'bigger and better' than anything in US history — here are 3 of his safe haven stock picks
This super-investor says the market is due for a historic decline. It's time to listen.
- VC Star | Ventura County Star
Former Fillmore councilwoman Ari Larson died on Sept. 17 from a health condition that neither she nor her family knew about, an autopsy found.
- Country Living
Singer Carrie Underwood revealed to fans that she'll be performing at this year's "CMA Country Christmas" to bring a little extra holiday cheer.
The "Betrayal" author broke down why reporting on a third Trump run for president would be “tremendously challenging."
- Austin American-Statesman
American Heart Association recommends informed choices, not restrictions, in new guidelines for a heart healthy life.
- Raleigh News and Observer
UNC’s premature celebration resulted in NC State comeback for the ages. Tar Heels’ nine-point lead evaporated in the final minutes as the Wolfpack won by four.
- Greenville News
N.C. State scores twice in 26 seconds in the final two minutes to rally past North Carolina and end Clemson's chance to win ACC Atlantic Division.
- NBC Sports BayArea
Steve Kerr wanted no part of this question from a fan.
- Yahoo Sports
The Mariners haven't made the postseason since 2001.
- Business Insider
A Trump associate said the former president is 'pulling strings behind the scenes' in 2022 GOP primaries, likened him to 'The Godfather's' Vito Corleone: report
In North Carolina, Georgia, and Alabama, former President Trump has played an outsized role in boosting candidates that have earned his endorsement.