137 House Members Have Called For Congress To Start Trump Impeachment Proceedings

(Photo: Illustration: Damon Dahlen/HuffPost; Photos: Getty)

At least 137 members of the House of Representatives have publicly called for the launch of an impeachment inquiry into President Donald Trump, based on his refusal to comply with congressional subpoenas and his possible obstruction of justice.

House Judiciary Committee Chairman Jerrold Nadler (D-N.Y.) has declared that the committee is engaged in “formal impeachment proceedings” and invoked Congress’ impeachment power in court filings. No vote has been taken to open a formal impeachment inquiry as was done previously during the impeachments of Richard Nixon and Bill Clinton.

The impeachment inquiry still faces resistance from some Democratic Party leaders who control the 435-member chamber. Speaker Nancy Pelosi (D-Calif.) is cautioning that opening the inquiry would prove “divisive” and is something Trump desires as a potential political benefit to him.

But as the president’s intransigence toward Congress has intensified, support for an inquiry is growing. The number of House members calling for an impeachment inquiry has increased every week since former White House counsel Don McGahn failed to comply with a subpoena for his testimony.

These lawmakers consist of 136 Democrats ― a majority of the party’s caucus ― and one then-Republican, Rep. Justin Amash of Michigan, who has since become an independent. The group includes 18 Democrats on the House Judiciary Committee ― more than half of the party members on the panel. All of the Democrats on the committee, however, voted to open an impeachment investigation into the president.

Special counsel Robert Mueller said on May 29 that if his investigation into Trump found that the president did not commit the crime of obstruction of justice, the report would have said so. The report contained no such exoneration. He also noted that Justice Department regulations precluded his office from indicting a sitting president and implied that the only way to accuse a president of wrongdoing was through Congress’ impeachment authority.

“The Constitution requires a process other than the criminal justice system to formally accuse a sitting president of wrongdoing,” Mueller said.

Just two senators ― Democrats Elizabeth Warren of Massachusetts and Kamala Harris of California ― had publicly backed an impeachment inquiry before Mueller spoke about his report’s findings. Sens. Cory Booker (D-N.J.), Kirsten Gillibrand (D-N.Y.) and Mazie Hirono (D-Hawaii) called for an inquiry after Mueller’s May 29 comments. Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.) endorsed an impeachment inquiry on May 30.

But no signs have surfaced that if articles of impeachment passed the House on the required majority vote, the effort would come anywhere close to the two-thirds Senate vote needed to remove Trump from office.

A formal impeachment inquiry would centralize Congress’ investigation into whether Trump committed impeachable offenses in the House Judiciary Committee. The committee would then subpoena documents and testimony and hold hearings on any potential line of inquiry that could relate to an impeachable offense.

The inquiry could dig into the 10 episodes of potential obstruction of justice outlined in Mueller’s report on Russian interference in the 2016 election, Trump’s stonewalling of the congressional effort to dig deeper into Mueller’s probe, or other areas like payments made by foreign governments to the president’s business in violation of the Constitution’s emoluments clause.

Those calling for the inquiry argue that it will strengthen their hand in winning court fights with the White House if they formally declare that Congress is investigating the president in order to determine if he should be impeached. This, they believe, could help overcome the Trump administration’s refusals to abide by subpoenas and other requests for documents necessary to investigate his alleged abuses.

House Speaker Nancy Pelosi argues that it is not yet the time for Congress to launch an impeachment inquiry into President Donald Trump. (Photo: ASSOCIATED PRESS)

Pelosi on May 22 accused Trump of engaging in a cover-up, and at a news conference the following day, she said the president is “crying out” for Democrats to move to oust him. But she stressed at her news conference that the House’s Democratic caucus “is not on a path to impeachment ― and that’s where he wants us to be.”

She described the impeachment process as “a very divisive place to go in our country.” Ongoing congressional inquiries into various actions by Trump “may take us to a place that is unavoidable in terms of impeachment, but we’re not at that place,” she said.

Here are the House members who have publicly called for Congress to launch an impeachment inquiry:

Rep. Jerrold Nadler (D-N.Y.), House Judiciary Committee chair

Rep. Steve Cohen (D-Tenn.), House Judiciary Committee member

Rep. David Cicilline (D-R.I.), House Judiciary Committee member, Democratic leadership team

Rep. Pramila Jayapal (D-Wash.), House Judiciary Committee member, Democratic leadership team

Rep. Jamie Raskin (D-Md.), House Judiciary Committee member, Democratic leadership team

Rep. Val Demings (D-Fla.), House Judiciary Committee member

Rep. Joe Neguse (D-Colo.), House Judiciary Committee member, Democratic leadership team

Rep. Veronica Escobar (D-Texas), House Judiciary Committee member

Rep. Mary Gay Scanlon (D-Pa.), House Judiciary Committee vice-chair

Rep. Greg Stanton (D-Ariz.), House Judiciary Committee member

Rep. Ted Lieu (D-Calif.), House Judiciary Committee member

Rep. Eric Swalwell (D-Calif.), House Judiciary Committee member

Rep. Cedric Richmond (D-La.), House Judiciary Committee member

Rep. Debbie Mucarsel-Powell (D-Fla.), House Judiciary Committee member

Rep. Madeleine Dean (D-Pa.) House Judiciary Committee member

Rep. Sheila Jackson Lee (D-Texas), House Judiciary Committee member

Rep. Ted Deutch (D-Fla.), House Judiciary Committee member, House Ethics Committee chair

Rep. Hank Johnson (D-Ga.), House Judiciary Committee member

Rep. Justin Amash (I-Mich.)

Rep. Jared Huffman (D-Calif.)

Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez (D-N.Y.)

Rep. Al Green (D-Texas)

Rep. Ayanna Pressley (D-Mass.)

Rep. Rashida Tlaib (D-Mich.)

Rep. Filemon Vela (D-Texas)

Rep. Earl Blumenauer (D-Ore.)

Rep. Ilhan Omar (D-Minn.)

Rep. Joaquin Castro (D-Texas)

Rep. Maxine Waters (D-Calif.), House Financial Services Committee chair

Rep. Norma Torres (D-Calif.)

Rep. Diana DeGette (D-Colo.)

Rep. John Yarmuth (D-Ky.), House Budget Committee chair

Rep. Seth Moulton (D-Mass.)

Rep. Tom Malinowski (D-N.J.)

Rep. Kathleen Rice (D-N.Y.)

Rep. Suzanne Bonamici (D-Ore.)

Rep. Dwight Evans (D-Pa.)

Rep. Don Beyer (D-Va.)

Rep. Mark Pocan (D-Wis.)

Rep. Juan Vargas (D-Calif.)

Rep. Barbara Lee (D-Calif.), Democratic leadership team

Rep. Danny Davis (D-Ill.)

Rep. Brendan Boyle (D-Pa.)

Rep. Bill Pascrell (D-N.J.)

Rep. Bennie Thompson (D-Miss.), House Homeland Security Committee chair

Rep. Jim McGovern (D-Mass.), House Rules Committee chair

Rep. Chellie Pingree (D-Maine)

Rep. Jesus “Chuy” Garcia (D-Ill.)

Rep. Mark DeSaulnier (D-Calif.)

Rep. Raul Grijalva (D-Ariz.), House Natural Resources Committee chair

Rep. Bobby Rush (D-Ill.)

Rep. Jackie Speier (D-Calif.)

Rep. Betty McCollum (D-Minn.)

Rep. Mike Quigley (D-Ill.)

Rep. Alan Lowenthal (D-Calif.)

Rep. G.K. Butterfield (D-N.C.)

Rep. Adriano Espaillat (D-N.Y.)

Rep. Gwen Moore (D-Wis.)

Rep. Paul Tonko (D-N.Y.)

Rep. Alma Adams (D-N.C.)

Rep. Tim Ryan (D-Ohio)

Rep. Grace Napolitano (D-Calif.)

Rep. Nanette Barragán (D-Calif.)

Rep. Marcia Fudge (D-Ohio)

Rep. Yvette Clarke (D-N.Y.)

Rep. Dan Kildee (D-Mich.), Democratic leadership team

Rep. Andy Levin (D-Mich.)

Rep. Carolyn Maloney (D-N.Y.)

Rep. Katie Porter (D-Calif.)

Rep. Brian Higgins (D-N.Y.)

Rep. Brenda Lawrence (D-Mich.)

Rep. Jan Schakowsky (D-Ill.)

Rep. Sean Casten (D-Ill.)

Rep. Tony Cardenas (D-Calif.)

Rep. Nydia Velazquez (D-N.Y.), House Small Business Committee chair

Rep. William Lacy Clay (D-Mo.)

Rep. Adam Smith (D-Wash.), House Armed Services Committee chair

Rep. Mike Doyle (D-Pa.)

Rep. Jim Himes (D-Conn.)

Rep. Jimmy Gomez (D-Calif.)

Rep. Donald Norcross (D-N.J.)

Rep. Lloyd Doggett (D-Texas)

Rep. Scott Peters (D-Calif.)

Rep. Joseph Kennedy III (D-Mass.)

Rep. Ruben Gallego (D-Ariz.)

Rep. Bonnie Watson Coleman (D-N.J.)

Rep. Ann Kirkpatrick (D-Ariz.)

Rep. Peter Welch (D-Vt.)

Rep. Rick Larsen (D-Wash.)

Rep. Joyce Beatty (D-Ohio)

Rep. Lucille Roybal-Allard (D-Calif.)

Rep. Julia Brownley (D-Calif.)

Rep. Robin Kelly (D-Ill.)

Rep. Lori Trahan (D-Mass.)

Rep. Peter DeFazio (D-Ore.), House Transportation & Infrastructure Committee chair

Rep. Katherine Clark (D-Mass.), Democratic leadership team

Rep. John Garamendi (D-Calif.)

Rep. Annie Kuster (D-N.H.)

Rep. Mike Levin (D-Calif.)

Rep. Brad Sherman (D-Calif.)

Rep. Lisa Blunt Rochester (D-Del.)

Rep. Donald Payne Jr. (D-N.J.)

Rep. Harley Rouda (D-Calif.)

Rep. Denny Heck (D-Wash.)

Rep. Suzan DelBene (D-Wash.)

Rep. Derek Kilmer (D-Wash.)

Rep. Kim Schrier (D-Wash.)

Rep. Dina Titus (D-Nev.)

Rep. Emanuel Cleaver (D-Mo.)

Rep. Chris Pappas (D-N.H.)

Rep. José Serrano (D-N.Y.)

Rep. Andre Carson (D-Ind.)

Rep. Grace Meng (D-N.Y.)

Rep. Jennifer Wexton (D-Va.)

Rep. Eliot Engel (D-N.Y.), House Foreign Affairs Committee chair

Rep. Jason Crow (D-Colo.)

Rep. Judy Chu (D-Calif.)

Rep. Nita Lowey (D-N.Y.)

Rep. Doris Matsui (D-Calif.)

Rep. Pete Aguilar (D-Calif.)

Rep. Salud Carbajal (D-Calif.)

Rep. Gerry Connolly (D-Va.)

Rep. Anthony Brown (D-Md.)

Rep. Deb Haaland (D-N.M.)

Rep. David Price (D-N.C.)

Rep. Ro Khanna (D-Calif.)

Rep. Ben Ray Lujan (D-N.M.), Democratic leadership team

Rep. Lauren Underwood (D-Ill.)

Rep. James Langevin (D-R.I.)

Rep. Dutch Ruppersberger (D-Md.)

Rep. David Trone (D-Md.)

Rep. Bill Keating (D-Mass.)

Rep. Brad Schneider (D-Ill.)

Rep. Mark Takano (D-Calif.)

Rep. Bill Foster (D-Ill.)

Rep. Raja Krishnamoorthi (D-Ill.)

Rep. Katie Hill (D-Calif.)

This article has been updated to add lawmakers backing an impeachment inquiry.

CORRECTION: This article prematurely listed Rep. Harley Rouda (D-Calif.) as calling for an impeachment inquiry. He did not do so until July.

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