Sen. John Kennedy has long been known as a folksy, straight shooter on Capitol Hill. But now his legacy may be something else altogether: The guy who spread a debunked conspiracy theory about Ukraine.
As the House moves forward with its impeachment inquiry, President Donald Trump’s staunch allies have attempted to shift the focus to Ukraine. And Kennedy has emerged as the most prominent senator in this process, making Sunday show appearances that have perplexed his Senate colleagues by offering some level of equivalency between Russian and Ukrainian influence in 2016.
“I draw a completely different conclusion from his,” Sen. Susan Collins (R-Maine) said. “And it’s my understanding he has now changed his mind a bit. But as a member of the Intelligence Committee I have seen no evidence at all that the Ukrainians were involved. And indeed it is more likely that this is part of Russian disinformation campaign, in my judgment.”
“Kennedy’s allegation that President Poroshenko was interfering in the 2016 election is a knowing fabrication,” said Sen. Chris Murphy (D-Conn.), a member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee who traveled to Ukraine this year. “Using the Senate as a platform to invent lies about foreign governments' involvement in American elections I don’t think is terribly becoming of the institution.”
The controversy surrounding Kennedy’s remarks began when he suggested in an interview on Fox News last month that Ukraine could have been responsible for hacking the Democratic National Committee’s emails in 2016, a discredited conspiracy theory. Kennedy later walked back his comments, saying he misheard the question. But this past weekend, Kennedy reiterated his opinion when he said on "Meet the Press," saying “both Russia and Ukraine meddled in the 2016 election.”
Kennedy, a former Democrat who endorsed John Kerry for president,often takes questions from reporters, huddling for 10 minutes or more, delivering colorful lines like comparing John McCain to a “boiled owl” or describing a spending bill as a “Great Dane-sized whiz down the leg” of taxpayers. But on Tuesday he appeared to finally have grown tired of talking.
“I gave two press conferences yesterday. I’ve done two interviews today. I’ve said all I want to say,” Kennedy said in an interview. “I believe what I believe. I showed everybody the articles. And reasonable people disagree sometimes.”
While Kennedy’s comments earned him a shout-out from Trump on Twitter Monday, lawmakers have only raised more questions. One Senate Republican, summing up the mood in the conference, put it this way: “I watched it on Meet the Press and I was like: Huh?
“I don’t know what he’s saying. I don’t know if he’s purposefully confusing the issue. I know he’s defending the president and that’s part of what he’s doing,” the senator said.
The Louisiana Republican’s plunge into the world of Trump-backed conspiracy theories stands in stark contrast to previous situations as he’s toed a less partisan line.
He recently skewered Steven Menashi, Trump's nominee to the 2nd U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, for declining to answer questions from senators during his confirmation hearing, though he ended up supporting Menashi. He also helped sink Matthew Petersen, Trump's judiciary nominee to the District Court for the District of Columbia, after grilling him over his lack of courtroom experience. Kennedy was also the deciding vote on a measure to restore net neutrality, joining Senate Democrats, and was critical of Missouri Republican Sen. Josh Hawley's takedown of a Trump nominee.
Senate Republicans have largely accepted reports from intelligence officials that Russia interfered in 2016. Kennedy also endorses that view. But his contention that Ukrainian’s preference for Hillary Clinton amounted to election interference is now cleaving what was once a consensus on Capitol Hill.
Those who disagree include senior State Department officials, who reiterated Tuesday to the Senate Foreign Relations Committee that there is no proof that Ukraine interfered in the 2016 election. The No. 3 State Department official, David Hale, told senators that he’s seen “no credible evidence about these allegations of Ukraine.”
“Our focus at the State department has been, and as it should be, on the proven Russian interference in the 2016 elections and plans to do so in 2020,” Hale said.
Kennedy told reporters this week that he’s simply citing reporting from news organizations like the Financial Times, the Washington Examiner, The Economist, The New York Times and POLITICO.
POLITICO reported in 2017 that some Ukrainian officials "helped Clinton’s allies research damaging information on Trump and his advisers," but there was no evidence of a top-down effort to interfere in U.S. politics.
Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell declined to comment Tuesday about whether Ukraine interfered in the 2016 election, but the Kentucky senator said the Intelligence Committee is free to look into it. Still, Kennedy has a few defenders, including Sen. John Barrasso (R-Wyo.).
“A lot of people around the world have meddled in the 2016 election, and I saw Sen. Kennedy this morning, and he had a list of different publications and ran through them,” Barrasso said. “I think that’s where the information is coming from.”
But Kennedy’s detractors point out that he’s changed his reasoning several times.
“It was really unusual for John. I’ve disagreed with him many times but I respected his reasoning. I can’t follow it this time,” said Senate Minority Whip Dick Durbin of Illinois.
Many Senate Republicans won’t criticize Kennedy directly, though they made clear that Russia, not Ukraine, presents the actual threat to the United States. Sen. Mitt Romney (R-Utah) cited testimony from State Department officials.
“They said there’s no evidence that Ukraine interfered in our election,” the Utah Republican said. “Of course leaders in other countries are pulling for one candidate or another. That’s to be expected but there’s a big difference between pulling for someone ... and interfering in the way Russia did.”
Sen. Marco Rubio (R-Fla.), a member of the Senate Intelligence Committee, agreed that it’s common for countries to prefer one presidential candidate over another.
“I think it’s important to distinguish op-eds… from the systemic effort to undermine our election systems," Rubio said. “There’s no way to compare any other efforts to what Russia did in 2016. … There’s nothing that compares not even in the same universe.”
The Senate will determine Trump’s fate if the House impeaches the president. Most Senate Republicans will likely defend Trump and vote to acquit him in an impeachment trial, but joining Kennedy’s Ukraine theories is a bridge too far for them.
“Everything I’ve seen from the intelligence community and our Intelligence Committee puts it squarely on Russia.” said Sen. John Thune of South Dakota, the No. 2 GOP senator. “Maybe he’s seen something I haven’t … I haven’t seen any evidence.”