STORY: An official vote count showed 146 lawmakers voted in support of the motion. The motion required an absolute majority of 289 votes to precipitate the government's fall.
"The French need their government to act and some only have one obsession: voting it out," the prime minister told the parliament just before the vote.
The no-confidence motion had been expected to fail after the conservative Les Republicans party and Marine Le Pen's far-right Rassemblement National said they would abstain.
"We are submitting a motion of no-confidence in order to say something about the current situation," said Arthur Delaporte, a Socialist MP who supported the motion.
“That is the meaning of the motion of no-confidence, it is not necessarily to overthrow the government."