GDP numbers show economy recovering from pandemic, but expected to shrink for the year

CATHERINE THORBECKE
·2 min read

Two sets of data released Thursday by the government paint different pictures of an economy entrenched in the middle of the coronavirus crisis.

Third-quarter GDP grew at a record 33.1% annualized rate, indicating the economy significantly clawed back losses over the past three months. The massive gains come as "efforts continued to reopen businesses and resume activities that were postponed or restricted due to COVID-19," the Commerce Department said.

The explosive growth, however, comes on the heels of a record-setting drop in Q2 GDP.

PHOTO: A 'Now Hiring' sign is displayed at a restaurant in Arlington, Va. amid the coronavirus pandemic, Aug. 4, 2020  (Olivier Douliery/AFP via Getty Images, FILE)
PHOTO: A 'Now Hiring' sign is displayed at a restaurant in Arlington, Va. amid the coronavirus pandemic, Aug. 4, 2020 (Olivier Douliery/AFP via Getty Images, FILE)

Economists warn that the fresh data should be looked at in context.

"The rebound in Q3 GDP must be viewed in the context of the expectation that the full year will likely still see a contraction, once the final figures are in," Mark Hamrick, senior economic analyst at Bankrate, said in a statement to ABC News. "The rise occurs off the base of a smaller economy after the historic Q2 contraction."

He went on, "There’s a high level of uncertainty associated with growth in the current quarter, including the risk that consumers opt to spend more time in their homes, and less money out and about, in the coming weeks to avoid the virus. Growth remains lower than where it ended 2019, which means it isn’t yet time to hang the mission accomplished banner."

MORE: Dow plunges more than 900 points as COVID-19 cases spike

White House Chief of Staff Mark Meadows reacted to the news on FOX Business Thursday morning, saying American people "can rejoice in this number this morning."

"That is probably twice as much as the largest GDP growth that we've ever seen," Meadows said.

On Wednesday, Joe Biden's deputy campaign manager, Kate Bedingfield, noted in a memo that "Trump’s 'mission accomplished' rhetoric does not capture the true direction or state of the U.S. economy."

"Most important, the American people will see through the sham, because they are living with the economic consequences of the president’s failures," she added.

Another 751,000 people filed jobless claims

PHOTO: People receive food donations at a church on Oct. 17, 2020 in the Bronx borough of New York. The Bronx has long struggled with poverty, compounded with a current high unemployment rate and the highest COVID-19 death rate in the city to date. (Spencer Platt/Getty Images)
PHOTO: People receive food donations at a church on Oct. 17, 2020 in the Bronx borough of New York. The Bronx has long struggled with poverty, compounded with a current high unemployment rate and the highest COVID-19 death rate in the city to date. (Spencer Platt/Getty Images)

Separately, the Labor Department said Thursday that another 751,000 people filed for unemployment insurance last week, showing the new layoffs are persisting. Moreover, the DOL said some 22.6 million people were still receiving some sort of unemployment benefits through all programs.

While the layoffs have trickled down significantly since peaking at 6.9 million in late March, they still remain at historical highs.

PHOTO: A shopper wears a face mask as she walks into a Lord & Taylor department store in Northbrook, Ill., Oct. 9, 2020. (Nam Y. Huh/AP<p>)
PHOTO: A shopper wears a face mask as she walks into a Lord & Taylor department store in Northbrook, Ill., Oct. 9, 2020. (Nam Y. Huh/AP

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"Initial unemployment insurance claims are only now approaching peak Great Recession levels 33 weeks into the COVID-19 crisis," Glassdoor Senior Economist Daniel Zhao said Thursday.

"The fact that claims have significantly improved from the worst parts of the crisis, while still extremely elevated at three times that of pre-crisis levels, is a daunting reality that suggests layoffs continue to ripple through the economy," he added.

GDP numbers show economy recovering from pandemic, but expected to shrink for the year originally appeared on abcnews.go.com