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A genocide conviction has been upheld against the former Bosnian Serb military chief Ratko Mladic.
Appearing in court at the Hague, Mladic was told by UN war crimes judges that he will serve his original life sentence.
Wearing a dress shirt and black suit, Mladic stood looking at the floor as the verdict came down.
The outcome caps 25 years of trials at the ad hoc International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, which convicted 90 people.
The 78-year-old led Bosnian Serb forces during Bosnia's 1992-95 war. He was convicted in 2017 on charges of genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes.
That included terrorizing the civilian population of the Bosnian capital Sarajevo during a 43-month siege.
And the killing of more than 8,000 Muslim men and boys in the eastern Bosnian town of Srebrenica in 1995.
Lawyers for Mladic had argued that the former general could not be held responsible for possible crimes committed by his subordinates.
The appeals judges said Mladic would remain in custody in The Hague while arrangements were made for his transfer.
It is not yet known which country will take him to serve out his sentence.
Many Serbs still see Mladic as a hero, not a criminal.
But for the relatives of the victims, Tuesday's verdict will offer some closure on the worst atrocities since World War Two.
U.N. human rights chief Michelle Bachelet said the final ruling meant the international justice system had held him to account.