George Floyd death: How long will Derek Chauvin trial last?

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Flowers, signs and balloons are left near a makeshift memorial to George Floyd near the spot where he died while in custody of the Minneapolis police, on May 29, 2020 in Minneapolis, Minnesota
Flowers, signs and balloons are left near a makeshift memorial to George Floyd near the spot where he died while in custody of the Minneapolis police, on May 29, 2020 in Minneapolis, Minnesota

The trial of Derek Chauvin, the police officer accused of killing George Floyd, has started.

Onlookers in the US city of Minneapolis took video showing Mr Chauvin - who's white - kneeling on the neck of Mr Floyd, who was black. The incident sparked protests in the US and across the world against police brutality and racism.

What happened to George Floyd?

The 46-year-old bought a pack of cigarettes at a convenience store in South Minneapolis on the evening of 25 May 2020.

A shop assistant believed he had used a counterfeit $20 bill and called the police after Mr Floyd refused to give the cigarettes back.

Officers arrived and handcuffed him but when they tried to put him into the squad car, he resisted. A struggle ended with Mr Floyd face down on the street.

That's when onlookers began filming.

Mr Chauvin, 44, placed his left knee on Mr Floyd's neck, and kept it there for more than nine minutes, according to prosecutors. Two other officers helped pin him down, while another prevented witnesses from intervening.

More than 20 times Mr Floyd said he could not breathe. The video shows him going limp and being carried away by police.

He was pronounced dead in hospital an hour later.

What has happened in the trial so far?

The trial started on 29 March and is expected to take at least one month.

Twelve jurors - plus two alternate (backup) jurors - will remain anonymous and unseen throughout the televised trial.

Potential jurors were asked to submit questionnaires describing their existing knowledge of the case, any previous contact with police, and their media habits.

The jury will decide whether Mr Chauvin should serve time in prison or be acquitted.

Derek Chauvin, 44, is due to appear in court in Minneapolis on Monday
Derek Chauvin is charged with second-degree murder

On the first day of the trial, Donald Williams III, a witness for the prosecution, said Mr Floyd was "slowly fading away" during the nine minutes Mr Chauvin kneeled on his back and neck.

"His eyes slowly rolled to the back of his head" until "he didn't have no life in him no more in his body", he told the court.

Mr Chauvin's lawyer argued his use of force was "unattractive but necessary".

What is second-degree murder?

Mr Chauvin is charged with second-degree murder, which means causing death without intent. The maximum sentence is 40 years.

A third-degree murder charge was also recently added. Experts say the new charge is easier to prove in court, but carries a lesser penalty.

According to Minnesota state law, the maximum penalty for third-degree murder is 25 years.

Fences and barbed wire have gone up around the Minneapolis courthouse
Fences and barbed wire have gone up around the Minneapolis courthouse

It is rare that police officers in the US are charged, let alone convicted, for use of lethal force. This is partly because they can often successfully argue they feared for their lives.

Mr Chauvin is standing trial separately from the other three police officers because of Covid restrictions on space.

The others are charged with aiding and abetting second-degree murder and will come before the courts in August.

What are the rules in court?

The entire trial will be streamed online - unusual for a US murder case.

The judge has ruled that only one member each of the Chauvin and Floyd families can be in court at any one time.

Face masks with slogans are banned in the courtroom.

How did the US react to Floyd's death?

The four police officers at the scene were fired the following day, as crowds took to the streets of Minneapolis to protest. The station where they worked was set ablaze and demonstrations quickly spread to other cities.

By the sixth night, there were protests in 75 cities across the US - some violent - and a national debate about police brutality against African-Americans was reignited.

A man holds up his fist while hundreds of demonstrators march to protest against police brutality and the death of George Floyd, on June 2, 2020 in Washington, DC.
June 2020: Protesters in Washington DC march against police brutality

An anti-racism movement created in 2013 after the killing of teenager Trayvon Martin, Black Lives Matter, was re-energised.

Even very white, small towns in rural parts of the US held protests to remember Mr Floyd and take a stand against racial injustice.

Reforms were introduced by lawmakers to change the way some police forces make arrests and detain suspects.

But the conversation soon widened from policing to issues such as workplace equality, unconscious bias and the legacy of slavery.

What happened outside the US?

Anti-racism protests were held in countries across the world in response to the death.

Many focused on their own victims of alleged police violence.

In Australia, the focus was on the indigenous community, while in the UK, a statue of a 17th Century slave trader was torn down and thrown into Bristol harbour.

Many corporate brands also expressed support for Black Lives Matter, while many athletes now "take the knee" in solidarity before events.