By Kathryn Doyle NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - A variety of symptoms that can seem vague or mysterious may signal that a child is being bullied and having trouble coping, according to a new analysis of research on the topic. In the review of studies from 15 countries, complaints of headache, backache, abdominal pain, skin problems, sleeping problems, bed-wetting or dizziness were more than twice as common among kids who were victims of bullying, researchers found. The results are in line with previous studies, and suggest that pediatricians and parents should be on the lookout for signs that a child is being victimized, the authors write in the journal Pediatrics. Symptoms were sometimes long lasting, and often went along with low self-esteem. It's important to recognize that the link remained over time, since that "speaks to the long term consequences of bullying," said Gianluca Gini, of the Developmental and Social Psychology department at the University of Padua in Italy, who led the study. "The most serious consequence of bullying is suicide, but these health problems can negatively impact the quality of life of many children for several years," Gini told Reuters Health. Gini and a coauthor reviewed data from 30 studies that examined links between being bullied and psychosomatic problems in children and adolescents, and compared those children to peers who were not bullied. The included studies measured victimization among kids and teens as reported by the children themselves, parents or teachers. Overall, bullied children were between 2.17 and 2.39 times more likely to report pains and other physical symptoms as well as nervousness, sleeplessness, feeling tired and poor appetite. The more boys relative to girls in a study, the stronger the connection between bullying and physical symptoms seemed to be. "A possible explanation might deal with the fact that a school or classroom environment with a higher proportion of male students is a context in which bullying behavior is more likely to happen, and where supportive and helping behaviors in favor of the bullied pupils are less frequent," Gini said. "This is not surprising at all, but it is a very well done study," said Dr. Stephen Leff, co-director of the Violence Prevention Initiative at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia. The difference between boys and girls could also be explained by gender differences in aggression and victimization, Leff told Reuters Health. "These studies may have defined bullying in a more physical way, instead of a social way," he said. Researchers once thought that boys were more aggressive than girls, but have recently found that aggression among girls manifests more as gossiping and "leaving-out" than physical violence, he said. "In any case, it's interesting, and deserves more study," he said. Of course, not every child who is bullied will develop these symptoms, and not every child with these symptoms has necessarily been bullied, Gini said. He and Leff agreed it is also possible that kids with more physical ailments are more likely to be bullied, which might at least partly explain the connection. Nevertheless, keeping an eye out for physical troubles could be a useful tool for adults for spotting kids at risk for bullying, Leff said. "This really speaks to taking warning signs seriously," he said. "Kids may not be communicating with adults or even other kids about their bullying problems, and physical things like this can be important warning signs we don't want to miss." SOURCE: http://bit.ly/14cnViE Pediatrics, online September 16, 2013.
Our goal is to create a safe and engaging place for users to connect over interests and passions. In order to improve our community experience, we are temporarily suspending article commenting
Thank goodness this wasn't live!View Entire Post ›
- Lebron Wire
Here is what the NBA had to say about the Indiana Pacers fans that LeBron James told referees to eject.
- Best Life
As you dream, your brain sifts through your memories, thoughts, and feelings. And while most people are aware that dreams can serve as a window into our cognitive states, fewer realize that they can also shed light onto aspects of our physical health. Experts from the Sleep Cycle Center (SCC) say that in particular, your dreams may be able to alert you to a potentially dangerous disorder that occurs in sleep. That's because as your brain subconsciously processes your physical symptoms, it can co
- The Daily Advertiser
LSU football pulling Brian Kelly out of Notre Dame one-upped USC's hiring of Lincoln Riley in a manner that should be shocking for college football.
- Fighting Irish Wire
All the best to Brendon Clark!
- Fighting Irish Wire
Not always the easiest to take the high road...
- Fighting Irish Wire
That didn't take long...
- Footwear News
Saweetie in a jewel encrusted dress and pink stiletto heels for Pirelli 2022 calendar
- Daytona Beach News-Journal
If Ryan Newman's Cup career is indeed over, it was one of the more unique trajectories in NASCAR history.
‘This is not going to be good’: Moderna CEO on what scientists are telling him about the omicron coronavirus variant
The CEO of Moderna told the Financial Times there's no world where current vaccines are as effective as against the delta variant.
In an introductory media availability Monday, former Mets LHP Steven Matz opened up on his decision to sign with the St. Louis Cardinals.
Matt Lauer was fired due to a complaint of "inappropriate sexual behavior in the workplace" on Nov. 29, 2017
- Footwear News
For the December issue of Vogue Hong Kong, Paris Jackson wore a Burberry one-piece outfit. The ensemble also included a sheer fabric and a circle cutout that appeared on the side of her legs. The actress paired her look with Bulgari jewelry and nude pointed-toe stiletto heels. She styled her hair to the side and let a few strands drape the side of her face. Neutral makeup was a great choice as her outfit deserved all of the attention.
Get ready to say, "Aww!"
- The Providence Journal
Mark Daniels' take on Mac Jones, New England Patriots rookie quarterback, who continues to make other teams look bad for passing on him in the NFL Draft.
- NBC Sports Boston
Jake DeBrusk has requested a trade from the Bruins, so let's look at five potential teams that Boston could shop him to.
“Some of the actors feel like they're all in different movies, but Gaga is in the movie that I want to watch.”View Entire Post ›
- Buckeyes Wire
After some massive matchups and results from Rivalry Week, here's how we project all the bowls for Big Ten teams and the CFP.
The former Trump White House press secretary, who is now a host on Fox News, received a sharp reminder of the ex-president's record.
As I was extolling the virtues of Social Security’s 5.9% COLA, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) announced that they were increasing the premium for Medicare Part B by 14.5%. As a reminder, Medicare is composed of two programs. Part A, Hospital Insurance (HI), which covers inpatient hospital services, skilled nursing facilities, home healthcare, and hospice care.