- Dozens of wealthy people, including actors Felicity Huffman and Lori Loughlin, have been charged in the college admissions scandal.
- Federal prosecutors say parents paid about $25 million to get their students into elite schools like the University of Southern California, Stanford, and Yale as part of the scheme.
- Federal prosecutors have charged 51 people, some of whom have already pleaded guilty.
- Here's the full list of people who have been sentenced in the college admissions scandal.
- Visit Insider's homepage for more stories.
Sentencings have begun for the college admissions scandal, in which federal prosecutors say parents paid about $25 million to get their students into elite schools like the University of Southern California, Stanford, and Yale.
Court documents reviewed by Insider say the scheme involved bribing college athletic coaches to recruit students regardless of their athletic ability, and bribing entrance exam administrators to falsify ACT and SAT answers. Federal prosecutors have charged 51 people.
Prosecutors say the scheme was led by William "Rick" Singer, a so-called college-prep professional who ran a sham charity that was found to be at the center of the scandal. He has pleaded guilty.
Dozens of wealthy people, including actors Felicity Huffman and Lori Loughlin, as well as CEOs, high-profile lawyers, and college coaches were charged as part of the scheme.
Here's the full list of people who have been sentenced in college admissions scandal.
Former Stanford University sailing coach John Vandemoer was sentenced to one day in prison
AP Photo/Steven Senne
Former Stanford University sailing coach John Vandemoer was the first person to be sentenced as part of the college admissions scandal.
He sentenced to one day in prison, with time served. He was also sentenced to two years supervised release and has to pay a $10,000 fine.
Vandemoer was fired from Stanford and pleaded guilty to racketeering charges shortly after being indicted.
Prosecutors alleged in court documents that Vandemoer accepted $610,000 in bribes to facilitate the admissions of students as salinity recruits. Court documents say the funds were put into Stanford's sailing program.
Prosecutors had asked a federal judge in Boston to sentence Vandemoer to 13 months in prison.
Felicity Huffman was sentenced to 14 days in jail
AP Photo/Charles Krupa, File
Felicity Huffman was sentenced to 14 days in jail after admitting that she paid $15,000 to have her daughter's SAT answers falsified as part of the scandal.
The "Desperate Housewives" actor pleaded guilty to fraud charges in May. She was the first parent to be sentenced in the scandal.
Along with the 14-day prison sentence, Huffman was fined $30,000 and ordered to do 250 hours of community service. She will be on supervised release for a year.
An affidavit said that Huffman arranged for her eldest daughter, Sophia, to take the SAT at the West Hollywood Test Center, where her answers were later corrected. Huffman then disguised the $15,000 as a charitable donation for disadvantaged young people.
Court documents said Huffman arranged for her younger daughter, Georgia, to be part of the scheme as well but later decided against it.
"I am ashamed of the pain I have caused my daughter, my family, my friends, my colleagues, and the educational community," Huffman said in a statement in April after agreeing to plead guilty.
Prosecutors initially recommended four months in prison for Huffman but later lowered that to 30 days.
Parent Devin Slone was sentenced to four months in prison
AP Photo/Elise Amendola
Devin Sloane, the founder and chief executive of a drinking water and wastewater systems business in Los Angeles, California, was sentenced to four months in prison, 500 hours of community service, 2 years of supervised release, and has to pay a fine of $95,000.
Prosecutors alleged in court documents that Sloane paid Singer $250,000 to have his son admitted to the University of Southern California as a water polo recruit.
According to the affidavit, Sloane bought water polo gear of Amazon to stage a photoshoot with his son for a USC application.
Sloane told Singer that he purchased a ball and a cap off of Amazon for the photoshoot in a June 2017 email, court documents said. Sloane's son did not actually play water polo and his high school did not have a team.
Read more: A high school guidance counselor was among the first to suspect a college admissions scandal after a student claimed to play water polo, despite there being no water polo team at the school
When consulting with a graphic designer, Sloane was advised to take the photos in an indoor pool, court documents said.
Prosecutors alleged that a false athletic profile for Sloane's son called the teen a "perimeter player" who played for the "Italian Junior National Team" and the "LA Water Polo" team.
His son's high school counselor questioned the application because the school did not have a water polo team, according to court documents.
Sloane called the questioning "outrageous," court documents said.
Prosecutors asked a federal judge in Boston to sentence Sloane to one year and one day in prison, along with one year of supervised release, and a fine of $75,000.
Parent Stephen Semprevivo was also sentenced to four months in prison
In September, Stephen Semprevivo, a Los Angeles-based executive at a privately held provider of outsourced sales teams, was sentenced to four months in prison, two years of supervised release, 500 hours of community service, and a fine of $100,000.
Semprevivo pleaded guilty in May to conspiracy to commit mail fraud and honest services mail fraud, admitting to paying Singer $400,000 to get his son into Georgetown University as a recruited tennis player.
According to a criminal complaint filed in March, a portion of the funds went to Georgetown's then-tennis coach Gordon Ernst, who helped facilitate Semprevivo's son's recruitment to the school as a tennis player, despite knowing the teen did not play the sport.
Semprevivo's son, Adam Semprevivo, enrolled in Georgetown in Fall 2016. Adam Semprevivo filed a lawsuit against Georgetown in May, attempting to fight his expulsion.
Prosecutors had asked a judge to sentence Stephen Semprevivo to 18 months in prison, a year of supervised release, and a fine of $95,000.
Parent Gordon Caplan was sentenced to one month in prison
AP Photo/Steven Senne
In October, Gordon Caplan, a Connecticut-based lawyer, was sentenced to one month in prison, a year of supervised release, 250 hours of community service, and a fine of $50,000.
Caplan pleaded guilty in April, admitting to paying Singer $75,000 to have his daughter's ACT exam answers changed.
Prosecutors asked the judge to sentence Caplan to eight months in jail, a year of supervised release, and a fine of $40,000. Caplan's lawyer had asked for a two-week sentence.
According to a criminal complaint filed in March, Singer told Caplan that he needed his daughter "to be stupid" when a psychologist evaluated her for learning disabilities in order to earn extra time for her ACT exam.
"I also need to tell [your daughter] when she gets tested, to be as, to be stupid, not to be as smart as she is," Singer said, according to court documents. "The goal is to be slow, to be not as bright, all that, so we show discrepancies."
In recorded phone conversations published in the criminal complaint, Caplan shows concern over being caught on multiple occasions.
Caplan was charged with conspiracy to commit mail fraud and honest services mail fraud.
After agreeing to plead guilty in April, Caplan released a statement in which he said he takes "full and sole responsibility" for his conduct, according to Bloomberg.
"I want to make clear that my daughter, whom I love more than anything in the world, is a high school junior and has not yet applied to college, much less been accepted by any school. She had no knowledge whatsoever about my actions, has been devastated to learn what I did and has been hurt the most by it," Caplan said.
The law firm Willkie Farr & Gallagher put Caplan on leave after his indictment. It is unclear what his current standing with the firm is.
Parent Agustin Huneeus Jr. was sentenced to five months in prison
Agustin Huneeus Jr., a Napa Valley vintner, was sentenced to five months in prison, 500 hours of community service, and a $100,000 fine.
Huneeus pleaded guilty in May, admitting to paying $300,000 to have his daughter's SAT score altered and have her designated as a water polo recruit to the University of Southern California. Because of the timing of Huneeus's indictment, his daughter was never admitted to USC.
Prosecutors had asked for a 15-month prison sentence, a year of supervised release, and a $95,000 fine. Huneeus had asked for two months in jail.
According to a criminal complaint, Huneeus worked with Singer on a fraudulent water polo profile for his daughter, and when they couldn't locate a suitable photo of her playing the sport, Singer used someone else. In one call detailed in court documents, Huneeus expressed concern over "this thing blow(ing) up in my face." Singer replied that it "hasn't in 24 years."
Huneeus was one the few parents in the scandal who implicated his daughter, the San Francisco Chronicle reported by informing her about the cheating scheme. Prosecutors said in a sentencing memorandum that Huneeus "embraced the fraud" by including his daughter.
The vintner stepped down as CEO of Huneeus Vinters after he was indicted in March.
Parents Gregory and Marcia Abbott were each sentenced to a month in prison
Gregory Abbott, the founder of food and beverage distributor International Dispensing Corp., and his wife, Marcia, were each sentenced to one month in prison.
They were each fined $45,000 and also must each perform 250 hours of community service. They are reporting to prison separately — Marcia in November, and Gregory in January.
At their sentencing, Marcia and Gregory Abbott apologized for their wrongdoing and said they were trying to help their daughter, who had been diagnosed with Lyme disease.
The New York-based Abbotts pleaded guilty in May to paying Singer $125,000 to improve their daughter's ACT and ACT scores.
The scheme involved their daughter going to a test center in late 2018 to take the exams and having a proctor correct her answers after she finished, according to a criminal complaint released by the Department of Justice.
According to court documents, the girl's ACT score jumped from a 23 to 35, and her math and literature SAT score went from mid-600s to a perfect 800 math score and a 710 in literature.
Prosecutors had initially asked for the Abbotts to both be sentenced to a year and a day in prison, a year of supervised release, and a fine of $55,000. At their sentencing, prosecutors asked for eight months in prison. Their lawyers asked for no time in prison.
Parent Peter Sartorio was sentenced to a year of probation
AP Photo/Michael Dwyer, File
Peter Jan Sartorio was the first parent charged in the college admissions scandal to avoid jail time. Instead, the packaged food entrepreneur received a year of probation and was ordered to pay a $9,500 fine for paying $15,000 to have his daughter's ACT scores corrected. In addition to the fine, Sartorio was ordered to complete 250 hours of community service.
Sartorio is a Bay Area entrepreneur from Menlo Park, California and is the co-founder of Elena's Food Specialities. According to a criminal complaint filed in March, Sartorio's daughter scored a 27 out of a possible 36 on the ACT with the help of two corrupt protectors enlisted by Rick Singer. The score put Sartorio's daughter in the 86th percentile of test-takers. While that was her first time taking the ACT, the marks were a noticeable improvement over scores she received on a PSAT test she had taken previously where she landed between the 42nd and 51st percentiles. Prosecutors say Sartorio made three separate cash payments to Singer between June 16 and June 20, 2017, totaling $15,000.
Sartorio was charged with conspiracy to commit mail fraud and honest services mail fraud. The Menlo Park dad pleaded guilty to the charges in May. Sartorio was the first parent charged in the sweeping college admissions scandal to plead guilty to his charges.
During Sartorio's sentencing, Assistant US Attorney Kristen Kearney said the food entrepreneur "shouldn't get a discount just because he isn't as wealthy or as well known as his codefendants," according to Law360 reporter Chris Villani.
Later in the hearing, Sartori apologized for his actions.
"I recognize what I did was wrong. I offer no excuses, there's no justifications for those actions," Sartorio said.
The probation sentencing came despite a request from prosecutors for jail time. Prosecutors asked the judge to sentence Sartotio to one month in jail and pay a $9,500 fine, which would have come out to the same jail time requested for actress Felicity Huffman.
Parent Marjorie Klapper was sentenced to three weeks in prison
Marjorie Klapper, a jewelry business owner from Menlo Park, California, was sentenced to three weeks in prison for paying $15,000 to have her son's ACT answers rigged in 2017.
She was also fined $9,500 and ordered to perform 250 hours of community service.
Prosecutors had asked Klapper to be sentenced to four months in prison. Her lawyers had asked for house arrest and a $20,000 fine.
Klapper pleaded guilty to fraud charges in May.
Her son was also one of many told by college admissions scandal ringleader William "Rick" Singer to claim to be racial minorities on applications, The Wall Street Journal reported in May.
Singer reportedly told parents that not having their students lie about their race would put them at a "competitive disadvantage."
Klapper said Singer's team changed her son's race on his applications without her knowledge, according to CBS San Francisco.
At her sentencing, Klapper apologized to her son, saying: "I cast a dark shadow on my family and that is not what I intended," according to Law360 reporter Chris Villani.
Parent Robert Flaxman was sentenced to one month in prison
Nathan Klima for The Boston Globe via Getty Images
Robert Flaxman, a California-based real estate developer was sentenced to one month in prison for paying $75,000 to have his daughter's ACT answers rigged.
He was also ordered to pay a $50,000 fine and perform 250 hours of community service.
Prosecutors had asked that Flaxman be sentenced to eight months in prison and a $40,000 fine. His lawyers asked for supervised release and community service.
In an indictment filed in March, prosecutors said Flaxman paid $75,000 to have a proctor feed answers to his daughter during her 2016 ACT exam. They said his daughter used the score to get into an undisclosed college. She was suspended for a semester after news of the scheme broke, according to the Associated Press.
Flaxman's lawyers said the school Flaxman's daughter went to was "excellent," but not elite, arguing that his role in the scandal was not about "ego gratification."
"I apologize to the parents and students who worked hard and don't cheat, no matter what," Flaxman said after his sentencing, according to Law360 reporter Chris Villani. "I'm sorry."
Parent Jane Buckingham was sentenced to three weeks in prison.
Jane Buckingham, a Los Angeles, California-based marketing executive, was sentenced to three weeks in prison for paying $50,000 to have a proctor take the ACT exam for her son in 2018.
The CEO of the marketing firm Trendera, who also once wrote a book called "The Modern Girl's Guide to Sticky Situations," was ordered to pay a $40,000 fine.
Prosecutors had asked that she be sentenced to six months in prison. Her lawyers asked for a year of probation, a fine, and community service.
Prosecutors say the proctor who took the ACT for Buckingham's son exam got him a 35 out of 36, ranking in the 96th percentile nationally, the Associated Press reported.
Buckingham has apologized for her role in the scheme, saying she has "absolutely no excuse."
She was the final parent who pleaded guilty to be sentenced by Judge Indira Talwani in the college admissions scandal.
Parent Jeffrey Bizzack was sentenced to 2 months in prison
California businessman Jeffrey Bizzack, of Solana Beach, California, was sentenced to two months in prison for paying Singer $250,000 to have his son admitted into USC as a purported volleyball recruit.
He was also ordered to serve three years on supervised release and pay a $250,000 fine.
Prosecutors had asked Bizzack to be sentenced to nine months in prison and a $75,000 fine.
Bizzack, 59, pleaded guilty to one count of conspiracy to commit mail fraud and honest services mail fraud in June.