A man watches Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi's address to the nation on a local news channel declaring his country is a space power after destroying a low-orbiting satellite
India said it had destroyed a low-orbiting satellite in a missile test that proved the nation was among the world's most advanced space powers.
In a rare address to the nation on Wednesday, just weeks before a national election, Prime Minister Narendra Modi said India had joined the United States, Russia and China in accomplishing the feat.
A missile fired from a testing facility in Odisha, eastern India, downed the satellite at an altitude of around 300 kilometres (185 miles) in "a difficult operation" that lasted around three minutes, Modi said.
"This is a proud moment for India," Modi added, in his first televised national address since late 2016.
"India has registered its name in the list of space superpowers. Until now, only three countries had achieved this feat."
It comes a month after Indian and Pakistani fighter jets engaged in a dogfight over the disputed border in Kashmir -- a serious military escalation between the nuclear-armed rivals.
Modi said the anti-satellite missile (ASAT) test was peaceful, and not designed to create "an atmosphere of war".
"I want to assure the world community that the new capability is not against anyone. This is to secure and defend... fast-growing India."
But analysts said it would not go unnoticed in China and Pakistan, India's chief rivals in the nuclear-armed region, and could be interpreted as a show of New Delhi's advancing military capabilities.
"This is less about shooting down satellites and more about proving high-altitude 'hit-to-kill' proficiency, which is the core competency required to get good at a range of things -- including defence against nuclear-capable ballistic missiles," Ankit Panda, of the Federation of American Scientists, told AFP.
"This is how the message is going to be perceived in Islamabad."
A spokesman for Pakistan's foreign ministry said countries that had "strongly condemned" the demonstration of similar technologies in the past should work towards preventing the militarisation of space.
"Boasting of such capabilities is reminiscent of Don Quixote's tilting against windmills," the spokesman said.
- Star wars -
The United States and the former Soviet Union carried out their first successful anti-satellite missile tests in 1985, and China in 2007.
All are now said to be working on so-called Star Wars laser weapons to destroy satellites.
With satellites increasingly important because of their intelligence gathering role -- and major nations seeking to gain a foothold in space -- the United States in 2014 rejected a Russian-Chinese proposal for a treaty to ban weapons in space, saying it was "fundamentally flawed" because of the lack of weapons verification measures.
India's foreign ministry said the country "has no intention of entering into an arms race in outer space".
"We have always maintained that space must be used only for peaceful purposes," the ministry said.
"At the same time, the government is committed to ensuring the country's national security interests and is alert to threats from emerging technologies."
Modi said the test did not violate any international treaties and was for the betterment and safety of India's 1.3 billion people.
But NASA and the Pentagon warned that ASAT tests create potentially dangerous debris fields in Earth's orbit.
"Some people like to test anti-satellite capabilities intentionally, and create orbital debris fields that we today are still dealing with," NASA chief Jim Bridenstine told Congress Wednesday.
"And those same countries come to us for space situational awareness, because of the debris field that they themselves created."
Acting Pentagon chief Patrick Shanahan said not having rules was "worrisome".
"We all live in space. Let's not make it a mess," Shanahan said.
"Space should be a place where we can conduct business, space should be a place where people have freedom to operate. We cannot make it unstable, we cannot create a debris problem that ASAT tests create."
- Elections -
The test comes ahead of a national election starting April 11 in which Modi -- whose Hindu nationalist party stormed to power in 2014 -- is seeking a second term in office.
Under election laws, the government is forbidden from announcing new policies or other major developments that could benefit the ruling party.
"The timing and the manner of the announcement, with elections around the corner, will certainly lead to speculation," Dhruva Jaishankar, Delhi-based fellow in foreign policy with Brookings India, told AFP.
Opposition leader Rahul Gandhi congratulated India's scientists on the feat but also wished Modi "a very happy World Theatre Day" -- referring to celebrations also marked around the globe on March 27.
Finance Minister Arun Jaitley defended the announcement, saying for "a deterrent of this kind there is no better than the prime minister to inform the world".
India has made giant strides in its space journey in recent years. It launched a record 104 satellites in a single mission in 2017, and has also built a reputation for low-cost space exploration and science missions.