Indonesia earthquake: Rescuers battle aftershocks as survivor search continues

Rescuers search for victims at a collapsed house caused by a 5.6 magnitude earthquake, in Cianjur, Indonesia, 23 November 2022
Rescuers search for victims at a collapsed house caused by a 5.6 magnitude earthquake, in Cianjur, Indonesia, 23 November 2022

Rescuers are battling dozens of aftershocks in Indonesia's West Java region as the search for earthquake survivors reaches its third day.

West Java governor Ridwan Kamil told the BBC that the region had experienced around 140 shocks since Monday's quake.

At least 268 people, including many children, have died so far. Around 151 people remain missing and more than 1,000 are injured.

Hundreds of responders have been sent to Cianjur, where the quake struck.

Aerial view of damaged houses at an affected area following Monday's earthquake hit in Cianjur, West Java province, Indonesia, November 22, 2022
The 5.6 magnitude earthquake wreaked damage across a wide area in Cianjur, West Java

But their efforts have been hampered by torn-up roads and continuing tremors in the area.

Mr Kamil told the BBC's Newsday programme that the local community was still exposed to these aftershocks, which have in some cases put responders at risk.

"Currently we are co-ordinating [our mission] to focus on search and rescue... [as] many people are still missing, mostly in remote areas [and] mountain tops," he said.

Mr Kamil told the BBC rescue teams are still traversing the ground on foot and motorbike, with roads and paths not always accessible, but that they also had helicopters on standby to transport people who were found to hospital.

Two photos show houses in Nyalindung village, Cianjur, West Java - before Monday's quake, and collapsed or damaged afterwards
Two photos show houses in Nyalindung village, Cianjur, West Java - before Monday's quake, and collapsed or damaged afterwards

The 5.6 magnitude earthquake struck near the heavily populated town of Cianjur shortly after lunchtime on Monday, reducing scores of buildings to rubble.

Many people were crushed or trapped when walls and roofs caved in. Many children are among the victims - with about 80 schools in the area affected, officials said.

A school student looks on at their collapsed Islamic boarding school on 23 November 2022 following an earthquake in Cianjur, Indonesia
A school student looks on at their collapsed Islamic boarding school

"Most of the casualties are children because at 1pm, they were still at school," said Henri Alfiandi from the National Search and Rescue Agency.

Aprizal Mulyadi was at school when the quake hit, and was trapped after "the room collapsed".

The 14-year-old said his "legs were buried under the rubble", but he was pulled to safety by his friend Zulfikar, who later died after himself becoming trapped.

At least 58,000 people have been evacuated with dozens of refugee camps set up around the area, the governor said. He cited the National Disaster Mitigation Agency which has estimated 22,000 homes have been damaged.

The quake triggered landslides which buried entire villages.

A man reacts as rescuers look for victims at an area affected by landslides after Monday's earthquake hit in Cianjur, West Java province
Rescuers are trying to find as many survivors as they can in the rubble

In the village of Cibereum, a family said their eldest son, 28, had died when the house collapsed on him. His relatives and younger siblings had survived because they were on a higher floor.

"We have to dig through the concrete of the second floor that crushed the victim. But we have seen the body," a military official, Sergeant Payakun told the BBC on Tuesday.

President Joko Widodo had earlier visited the remote disaster zone where he was pictured with responders.

"My instruction is to prioritise evacuating victims that are still trapped under rubble," he said, adding that he had pledged compensation to affected communities.

Mr Kamil said the government would repair damaged houses, adding that residents living in "vulnerable" areas would be told not to build future houses there.

Earthquakes are common in Indonesia, which sits on the "ring of fire" area of tectonic activity in the Pacific.

The country has a history of devastating tremors and tsunamis, with more than 2,000 people killed in a 2018 earthquake on the island of Sulawesi.

Map showing location of earthquake in Indonesia
Map showing location of earthquake in Indonesia