MILAN - Special effects master and three-time Oscar winner Carlo Rambaldi died Friday in southern Italy after a long illness, Italian news media reported. He was 86.
Rambaldi was known as the father of "E.T." He won visual effects Oscars for Steven Spielberg's 1982 extraterrestrial hit, as well as Ridley Scott's film "Alien" in 1979, and John Guillermin's "King Kong" in 1976.
Rambaldi worked on more than 30 films, but was best known for his work on E.T., for which he created three robots, two costumes worn by actors in the scenes when E.T. walked, and gloves for the hands.
Rambaldi, a wizard of a discipline known as mechatronics — which combines disciplines including mechanical, electronic and system design engineering — did not hide a disdain for computerized effects.
"Digital costs around eight times as much as mechatronics," Rambaldi was quoted by the Rome daily La Repubblica as having once said. "E.T. cost a million dollars and we created it in three months. If we wanted to do the same thing with computers, it would take at least 200 people a minimum of five months."
Rambaldi was born in 1925 in the northern Italian region of Emilia-Romagna and graduated from the Academy of Fine Arts in Bologna in 1951. While he dreamed of becoming an artist, he was drawn into the world of cinema when he was asked to create a dragon for a low-budget science fiction movie in 1956.
He moved to Rome and found work in television before his first big success, the 1975 Italian horror film "Deep Red." He drew the attention of Dino De Laurentiis, who brought him to Hollywood to work on "King Kong."
Italian director Pupi Avati described Rambaldi as "a child who loved to play and make his toys. A child who dreams of making a theme park of all his characters," the news agency ANSA reported. The pair worked together on a 1975 film.
"In those years, Rambaldi was the only craftsman capable of creating, as he did, a fig tree 12 metres high that he carried to the centre of Ferrara with a huge truck, a fig tree that was to change colour with the seasons, and also shed its leaves."
Rambaldi had been living for about a decade in the Calabrian city of Lamezia Terme, where he died.