Russian forces have started patrols along the Syria-Turkey border, filling the vacuum left by a US troop withdrawal that effectively handed back a third of the country to the Moscow-backed regime of President Bashar al-Assad
Qamishli (Syria) (AFP) - The US said Thursday it would beef up its military presence to protect northeastern Syria oil fields as Kurdish forces abandoned several positions to comply with a deal allowing Damascus, Ankara and Moscow to carve up their now-defunct autonomous region.
"The US is committed to reinforcing our position, in coordination with our SDF (Syrian Democratic Forces) partners, in northeast Syria with additional military assets to prevent those oil fields from falling back to into the hands of ISIS or other destabilizing actors," a Pentagon official said in a statement.
The official did not provide any numbers or confirm reports that US armoured assets would stay by the oilfields, once used to fund the Islamic State group's short-lived "caliphate".
- Russians launch military patrols -
The announcement came as Russian forces began patrolling the flashpoint Syrian-Turkish frontier, filling part of the vacuum left by a US troop withdrawal that effectively returned a third of Syria to the Moscow-backed regime of President Bashar al-Assad.
An AFP correspondent saw a Russian patrol set off from Qamishli westwards along the border flying Russian flags.
The Russian defence ministry said the patrol covered "more than 60 kilometres" (37 miles) between Qamishli and Amuda.
The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported that the Kurdish-led SDF had pulled out of some areas at the eastern end of the border on Thursday.
Yet fighters from the Kurdish People's Protection Units (YPG) -- the main component of the SDF -- remained in many positions along the 440-kilometre border, said Observatory head Rami Abdel Rahman.
The Britain-based war monitor also reported clashes near the town of Tal Tamr between SDF fighters and some of the Syrian former rebels paid by Turkey to fight ground battles.
- US backs Sochi deal -
On Tuesday Russia and Turkey signed a deal in the Black Sea resort of Sochi that promised a ceasefire while requiring Kurdish forces to withdraw to a line 30 kilometres from the border.
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, who is embattled on the domestic political front, hopes to use the pocket to resettle at least half of the 3.6 million Syrian refugees his country hosts.
Under the Sochi deal, the area will remain under the full control of Turkey, unlike the rest of the projected buffer zone which will eventually be jointly patrolled by Turkey and Russia.
- Turkey slammed at NATO meeting -
As Kurdish troops withdrew, SDF commander Mazloum Abdi on Twitter accused the Turkish-led forces of violating the truce on the eastern front of Ras al-Ain.
"The guarantors of the ceasefire must carry out their responsibilities to rein in the Turks," he said.
NATO defence ministers slammed Turkey for its military operation in Syria on Thursday, at the start of a two-day meeting in Brussels.
German Defence Minister Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer said she and her French and British counterparts believed the Turkish-Russian "safe zone" agreement "does not provide a permanent basis for a political solution".
US Defense Secretary Mark Esper, speaking at a think tank conference in Brussels before the NATO meeting, was more blunt, saying NATO member Turkey was "heading in the wrong direction".
"Turkey put us all in a very terrible situation and I think the incursion's unwarranted," Esper said.
The Kurdish leader Abdi welcomed a German proposal of international troops being deployed to create a security zone in northeast Syria, but there was no indication the plan would be accepted by Turkey or UN Security Council member Russia -- now the undisputed main foreign power in Syria.
- US to protect oil -
Washington's insistence on maintaining a military presence in the oil fields in the country's far northeast corner, after abandoning other positions along the Turkish frontier, drew doubts and criticism.
But the Pentagon official, who insisted on anonymity, stressed it was to prevent a potentially resurgent Islamic State jihadist movement from retaking control of the fields.
"One of the most significant gains by the US and our partners in the fight against ISIS was gaining control of oil fields in Eastern Syria," the official said.
"We must deny ISIS this revenue stream to ensure there's no resurgence."