The coronal mass ejection comes eruption comes just days after a similar eruption triggered a geomagnetic storm on 4 February that dragged 40 newly launched SpaceX Starlink satellites out of their orbits.
Since Tuesday’s eruption took place on the far side of the sun, it will not trigger a geomagnetic storm or pose a hazard to satellites, but the coronal mass ejection is indicative of a sun that is growing more active. Coronal mass ejections can carry charged plasma and magnetic fields out into space as fast as 3,000 kilometers per second, and reach Earth in 15 to 18 hours.
On Wednesday morning, ESA scientist Mark McCaughrean shared a short video of the coronal mass ejection captured by instruments aboard Nasa’s Solar and Heliospheric Observatory, or SOHO mission.
Another view of the very large coronal mass ejection from the Sun that took place overnight 🌞😱
Data (from centre out): NASA SDO AIA 171Å, ESA/NASA SOHO LASCO C2 white light, LASCO C3 white light / assembled by JHelioviewer#solarcycle25 pic.twitter.com/tz2XPdREgN
— Mark McCaughrean (@markmccaughrean) February 16, 2022
The #solarcycle25 Dr McCaughrean added refers to the 25th solar sunspot cycle since astronomers began counting these 10 to 11 year periods in the 19th century. The dark spots on the sun’s surface known as sunspots are intimately tied to our star’s magnetic activity, which waxes and wanes throughout each roughly decade-long cycle.
When the sun’s magnetic activity is increasing as it is right now — the peak of solar cycle 25 activity is executed around 2025 — magnetic field lines become tangled, energized, and more likely to snap, causing eruptions like those of 4 February and Tuesday evening. So while satellite operators can breathe a sigh of relief over this most recent eruption, they are really just entering the space weather woods rather than leaving them.