Media: Does TikTok have a future in the U.S.?

TikTok logo with sketch of TikTok CEO Shou Zi Chew.
TikTok logo with sketch of TikTok CEO Shou Zi Chew. Jonathan Raa/NurPhoto via Getty Images

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Not since Prohibition made alcohol sales illegal have Americans talked about banning a product used by as many Americans as TikTok, said Shira Ovide in The Washington Post. Washington is worried about the ubiquitous short-video app's ties to China. And indeed, experts agree it's conceivable that "TikTok and other Chinese technology companies could be Trojan horses for the Chinese Communist Party to harvest data on Americans or spew propaganda." Lawmakers have been making that case for years. But in all that time they have yet to produce "specific evidence of harm." Maybe there is "classified information on the threat of Chinese technology," but the American people need a better answer than "Trust us, TikTok is bad."

Nobody came out looking good last week when Congress hauled in TikTok's CEO, Shou Zi Chew, for questioning, said Kyle Chayka in The New Yorker. "The proceedings, like Mark Zuckerberg's Senate hearings in 2018 around the Cambridge Analytica scandal," created "a rare occasion for bipartisan unity." The antagonism toward TikTok's China ties was evident, but House members, often sounding very shaky on tech details, also tried "to cast the company as a scapegoat for the sins" of all social media companies and their algorithms. Videos mocking the lawmakers drew millions of views — where else? — on TikTok. At the same time, Chew struggled to convince committee members that ­TikTok could be protected from Chinese influence. "His boilerplate commentary gave the impression that his bosses at ByteDance had forbidden him from saying anything of much substance."

However many users it has, there just aren't "downsides" to the country in a TikTok ban, said Noah Smith in his Substack blog, Noahpinion. "China banned Google and Facebook and any number of U.S. apps and platforms," and it compels U.S. companies to "toe the CCP line on Taiwan, Hong Kong, Xinjiang, or any other issue the Chinese government cares about." The U.S. has "wielded no such 'sharp power' against China," clinging to its principles on globalization. But it's not clear what America has "derived from this arrangement other than a feeling of self-­righteousness." The internet didn't end up liberalizing China, it just ended up making U.S. citizens "more subject to the diktats of foreign authorities." TikTok, specifically, has had "four years to save itself," said Tim Culpan in Bloomberg. The Trump administration first floated the idea of a ban in 2019. That TikTok executives "did not shift the needle on public opinion, especially among policymakers, is a major failing." If TikTok gets barred from the U.S., it's deserving of its fate.

Maybe the U.S. can justify closing down TikTok, but the price is abandoning "the idea that Americans should be allowed to access information from around the world on their own terms," said Adi Robertson in The Verge. And of course we'd be shutting down the speech of all the American users who've devoted their energy to the platform. We're moving toward a future where we can import nearly anything from China but speech. If that sounds familiar, it's because we've decided that "the only way to beat China is to join it."

This article was first published in the latest issue of The Week magazine. If you want to read more like it, you can try six risk-free issues of the magazine here.

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