As countries around the globe have been forced into lockdowns to help curb the spread of Covid-19, people across the globe are facing increasing struggles to access the sanitary products and facilities they need to manage their periods hygienically and with dignity.
According to a recent survey of 45 health professionals from 30 countries conducted by Plan International UK – a humanitarian organisation that advances children’s rights and equality for girls – 73 per cent said women were facing restricted access to products through shortages or disrupted supply chains.
Similarly, a separate survey of 1,010 girls aged between 14 and 21 by the charity found that three in 10 girls in the UK had struggled to afford or access period products during the lockdown.
Of those, 54 per cent said they had to use toilet paper as an alternative.
Elsewhere, WaterAid UK – a not-for-profit that aims to make clean water, toilets and good hygiene normal for everyone – conducted its own survey and found that more than half of menstruating women (55 per cent) in the UK had experienced increased challenges managing their periods under lockdown.
Rose Caldwell, chief executive of Plan International UK said issues arising from the pandemic were making it harder for girls and young women to manage their periods “safely and with dignity”.
“We already know that the coronavirus outbreak is having a devastating impact on family finances all over the world,” she said.
“But now we see that girls and women are also facing widespread shortages and price hikes on period products, with the result that many are being forced to make do with whatever they can find to manage their period.”
The WaterAid survey, which asked 755 British women aged 18 to 55 how the lockdown had affected their ability to manage menstruation, also showed that one in seven (15 per cent) had stockpiled sanitary materials at the start of the lockdown in preparation for supply issues. In London, the figure was 25 per cent.
Periods are natural, not shameful 🩸
Girls should not have to use cloth. As part of our #coronavirus response we are distributing period products to girls and women.
With your help we can reach many more https://t.co/9SQextPIJh#MHDay2020 #PeriodsInPandemics #COVID19 pic.twitter.com/yfPOHDJgzY— Plan International UK (@PlanUK)May 27, 2020
Furthermore, 14 per cent said they were worried about going outside while having their periods during lockdown due to the closure of public toilets.
Ms Caldwell added that global period poverty and stigma was getting worse under lockdown.
“Period stigma is both a cause and consequence of gender inequality and can have a serious impact on girls’ life chances,” she said.
”It’s therefore critical that governments and health agencies prioritise menstrual hygiene management in their response to the coronavirus crisis and treat sanitary products as essential items during the pandemic and beyond.“
And the problem is not just affecting the UK. Last month, the Menstrual Health Alliance – co-chaired by WaterAid India – conducted a rapid response survey among 67 organisations that manufacture and/or distribute sanitary products across India and some African nations.
Three in five organisations (62 per cent) said there were increased challenges for women to access period products in the communities they work with, while one fifth (22 per cent) said people had been unable to access sanitary materials altogether.
Of 44 small and medium scale manufacturers of sanitary materials, only 25 per cent were operating fully, with two-thirds of organisations that distributed sanitary products (67 per cent) having to pause normal operation because the usual channels they rely on, such as schools and community outreach groups, have closed.
”Women and girls are facing severe problems with regards to #WASH facilities during periods whether they are health workers, migrants, or people from marginalized communities” @arundati_md, Manager, Policy, WaterAid India.#MHTwitterChat #MHDay2020 #MenstrualHealth— WaterAid India (@WaterAidIndia)May 27, 2020
Thérèse Mahon, regional South Asia manager at WaterAid and coordinator for Global Menstrual Health and Hygiene Collective, said: “As governments across the world work round the clock to contain the Covid-19 pandemic, attentions have rightly been focussed on vital life-saving measures such as health care and the provision personal protective equipment.
“However, periods do not stop during pandemics. Disrupted water and sanitation services and supply chains for period products means many people are finding it much more difficult to access everything they need to manage their periods.”
She continued: ”This combined with a lack of privacy under lockdown and the closure of services at schools, health centres and communities that provide menstrual health products, information and help tackle menstrual stigma, risk halting or even reversing the enormous progress that has been made towards better menstrual health globally.”
Mahon added that now is the time for governments to prioritise the provision of clean water, good sanitation and hygiene as it is not only critical in the fight against coronavirus but also essential for people to manage their periods.