The name change was to unblock EU talks, but it didn't, courtesy of France
Skopje (Republic of North Macedonia) (AFP) - North Macedonia's prime minister on Saturday proposed a snap election after the EU blocked the start of membership talks, scrambling what had been the key policy goal of his administration.
After hours of heated wrangling, European Union leaders on Friday could not agree on opening Skopje's accession negotiations, chiefly because of opposition from France.
The move triggered a wave of anger and disappointment, not just in North Macedonia and Albania -- whose bid was also put on hold -- but among EU officials and leaders who had lobbied hard to open the talks.
"We are victims of the EU's historic mistake," Prime Minister Zoran Zaev said in a televised address, echoing the words of European Commission chief Jean-Claude Juncker a day earlier, who appeared deeply apologetic for the decision.
"This is what I'm proposing: organising quick snap elections where you, citizens, will decide the road we are going to take," Zaev said. He would meet with the president and other political leaders on Sunday to discuss the next steps, he added.
"I have no date, all options are open, we will agree on that all together," he added.
- 'Give me a mandate' -
In his address, Zaev said he shared the "anger and disappointment" of the people. But he asked them to give him another chance to keep fighting for the membership bid.
"I love my country, so I am asking people to give me a mandate to continue along this path."
Zaev and his Social Democrats came to power in 2017, ousting the right-wing party of former strongman Nikola Gruevski, who had dominated the country for a decade.
Since then, his government has poured all of its political capital into putting North Macedonia on a path to EU membership.
That included embarking on a complicated and politically risky effort to change his country's name, which has been Macedonia ever since it emerged from former Yugoslavia in 1991.
Adding 'North' to the name was a painful compromise that resolved a decades-old argument with Greece that was seen as the major stumbling block for any future EU integration.
Brussels had pushed hard for the name change and promised the Balkan state would be rewarded.
While the deal won North Macedonia an invitation to join NATO, the larger goal of starting EU talks keeps sliding towards the horizon.
"We delivered results in the reforms, we resolved the issues with our neighbours, but they (the EU) did not keep their word," Zaev said in his address.
Apart from France, all the other member states accepted that North Macedonia had made enough progress on reforms to start the negotiations.
Yet French President Emmanuel Macron refused to budge from his position that the entire accession process must first be reformed before opening the door to new members.
The issue is now on hold until next spring.
"This is just not fair, what France did, what the EU did," said Vladimir Kostovski, a 28-year-old in Skopje.
Velko Velinov, a 29-year-old legal assistant, shared the frustration.
"They made us change our name for zero, for nothing. Zaev did that and now he is gonna lose elections," he told AFP.
All of the Western Balkan countries aspire to someday join the European Union, but progress has been slow and is increasingly threatened by the waning appetite for enlargement among some member states.
The EU's failure to follow through for North Macedonia is a "disastrous" blow to the bloc's credibility in the region, said James Ker-Lindsay, a Balkans expert at the London School of Economics.