A judge ruled that ICE and NARA must maintain records of detainee deaths and sexual assault.
Three watchdog groups sued NARA after it approved ICE's plan to destroy records.
The organizations won arguing that records had a historical value for research.
A federal judge on Friday ruled that Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) and the National Archives and Records Administration must preserve records relating to sexual assault, abuse, and detainee deaths because of their "research" value.
The legal publication Law & Crime first reported the court's ruling Friday. The ruling, from the Obama-appointed Judge Amit P. Mehta, offered his analysis of the Federal Records Act.
Under the act, federal agencies must properly maintain records, but they can dispose of records that have only a "temporary value" should they no longer be needed for the "transaction of its current business and that do not appear to have sufficient administrative, legal, research, or other value to warrant their further preservation."
The suit was brought on by a group of plaintiffs that include Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington (CREW), the American Historical Association, and the Society for Historians of American Foreign Relations, according to the report.
The three groups sued NARA after it approved ICE's plan to destroy records for which it no longer had a "business use," arguing the plan failed to consider the "research value" of such documents.
"The court finds that, as to all but the Detainee Escape Reports, NARA's approval of the schedule was arbitrary and capricious on the grounds that NARA failed to evaluate the research value of the ICE records and that NARA failed to address significant and relevant public comments," Mehta wrote in his 21-page opinion.
Noah Bookbinder, the president of CREW, called the decision "an incredible ruling for transparency" in a statement.
"To destroy records revealing abuse, rights violations, and even deaths in detention would further obscure a system already severely lacking in oversight and transparency," he said. "There have been too many abuses documented in our immigration detention system, but the country cannot fix these problems without knowing what has happened."
The ruling pertains to records that involve sexual abuse and assault, death review files, detention monitoring reports, detainee escape reports, detainee segregation files, and Detention Information Reporting Line records, according to Law & Crime.
Mehta sided with the plaintiffs on all cases except for the Detainee Escape Reports, which it said could be discarded because the plaintiffs had not made the case that such records were of "significant research value," he said.
"The court might agree with NARA were it not for the numerous comments touting the current and anticipated future research value of the records and criticizing the agency for not properly measuring their true value," Mehta wrote.
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