LONDON — NATO on Wednesday formally invited Finland and Sweden to join the military alliance after Turkey dropped its objections this week.
In a statement released on Wednesday, the 30-member military alliance said: “Today, we have decided to invite Sweden and Finland to become members of NATO, and agreed to sign the Accession Protocols."
Turkey dropped its objections on Tuesday, with the country’s president, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, stating that he had received “full cooperation” from both Sweden and Finland against the Kurdish militant group PKK and its allies. The countries agreed to drop their restrictions on selling munitions to Turkey, as well as to help in extraditing suspected militants back. This came after more than three hours of deliberation during a NATO summit in Madrid.
Speaking at a press conference alongside Erdogan, President Biden said: "I want to particularly thank you for what you did putting together the situation with regard to Finland and Sweden."
NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg said on Tuesday that “we now have an agreement that paves the way for Finland and Sweden to join NATO” and called it “a historic decision.”
However, more steps are ahead before the Nordic countries can become members. As with membership in the European Union, prospective countries must adhere to several reforms. They are invited to join the Membership Action Plan, which helps countries prepare for full membership within the alliance.
Russian President Vladimir Putin claimed that his war in Ukraine, which started in February as a “special military operation,” was partly due to NATO’s possible expansion. But in the wake of the invasion, Sweden and Finland applied for NATO.
Russia warned the Nordic countries that joining NATO would be a “grave mistake.”
“This will be another gross mistake with far-reaching consequences,” the Kremlin’s deputy foreign minister, Sergei Ryabkov, said in May. “The fact that the security of Sweden, like that of Finland for that matter, will not be strengthened as a result of this decision is completely obvious to us.”
Biden said in Madrid on Wednesday that Sweden and Finland's accession to NATO is “exactly what [Putin] didn't want.”