Former defence minister Avigdor Lieberman (L) has gained in popularity since April's election which saw Netanyahu (R) fail to put together a coalition
Jerusalem (AFP) - Israel moved into its final week of campaigning Monday for an unprecedented second general election in five months with Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu battling for political survival while facing a potential corruption indictment.
With the September 17 vote looming, Netanyahu and his right-wing Likud drew outrage from opposition parties with a push for last-minute legislation that would allow party officials to bring cameras to polling stations.
His critics labelled it a naked attempt to depress turnout among Israel's Arab population, as it could intimidate many into staying away.
They also pointed out that it could serve to energise Netanyahu's base of right-wing voters due to his warnings -- so far unfounded -- that the election could be stolen.
The premier says he is only interested in protecting the integrity of the vote and preventing fraud.
Netanyahu has used similar tactics in the past, including warning on election day in 2015 that Israeli Arabs were voting in "droves", a comment for which he later apologised.
Parliament had planned to hold the first of three required votes on the bill on Monday, but it failed to receive necessary backing from a committee and appeared dead for now.
The main opposition Blue and White centrist alliance said it would vote against it, and ex-defence minister Avigdor Lieberman said his nationalist Yisrael Beitenu would do the same.
"The rule of law that Netanyahu is trying to undermine has won," Blue and White leader Benny Gantz said after the bill failed to make it out of the committee.
"In the coming days, Netanyahu will continue his spin. He will try to disrupt the election day, to challenge the election outcome and he will attempt to reinstate this law. We will not allow it."
Netanyahu said: "There is no reason for those who really want pure elections to oppose the camera law that prevents election fraud.
"There is only one answer: Come in masses to the ballot box and vote for Likud," he added.
The bill would have allowed election supervisors from political parties to bring cameras to polling stations, though not inside voting booths.
Netanyahu's camera legislation comes as he struggles to remain in office and continue his reign as Israel's longest-serving prime minister.
After April elections, Likud along with its right-wing and religious allies won a majority of seats, but Netanyahu was unable to form a governing coalition, suffering one of the biggest defeats of his political career.
He was unable to do so because he could not convince his old nemesis Lieberman to abandon a key demand and join the government.
Netanyahu then opted to move toward a second election rather than risk Israeli President Reuven Rivlin choosing someone else to try to form a government.
- Trump, Putin posters -
Lieberman has only gained in support since the last election, opinion polls show, and Netanyahu may face a similar conundrum after the upcoming vote.
His main challenger is ex-military chief Gantz and his centrist alliance, as was the case in April.
Netanyahu has once again sought to highlight his links with world leaders, posting giant posters of himself alongside US President Donald Trump and Russian President Vladimir Putin.
He says he hopes to visit Russia later this week to hold talks with Putin.
And on Monday evening he accused arch-foe Iran of having a previously undisclosed site aimed at developing nuclear weapons that it destroyed sometime between late June and late July.
"In this site, Iran conducted experiments to develop nuclear weapons... When Iran realised that we uncovered the site, here's what they did: They destroyed the site, they just wiped it out," he said.
Ahead of April polls, Trump made controversial moves seen as backing Netanyahu, including recognising Israeli sovereignty over the occupied Golan Heights.
So far Netanyahu has not benefited from similar decisions in the run-up to the next week's vote.
Gantz has sought to maintain a stoic presence as part of a campaign to present himself as someone Israelis can trust on security issues.
But his main approach has been to argue that he can restore dignity to the prime minister's office after years of investigations into Netanyahu's affairs.
Israel's attorney general has said he intends to indict Netanyahu on charges of fraud, bribery and breach of trust pending a hearing expected in early October.
Netanyahu is not required to step down if indicted -- only if convicted with all appeals exhausted.
Gantz, who has ruled out serving in a government with a prime minister under indictment, has sought to convince other members of Likud to abandon Netanyahu and form a unity government with his Blue and White, so far without success.
The two sides won 35 seats each in the last election, but a majority of lawmakers endorsed Netanyahu as prime minister.
It is not clear whether Lieberman will endorse Netanyahu again.