• Justin Amash becomes first Republican to back Trump impeachment
    Politics
    The Guardian

    Justin Amash becomes first Republican to back Trump impeachment

    Michigan congressman: Mueller ‘identifies multiple examples of conduct satisfying all the elements of obstruction of justice’ Michigan congressman Justin Amash says of Mueller report: ‘Any person who is not the president of the United States would be indicted based on such evidence’. Photograph: Jonathan Ernst/Reuters The Michigan congressman Justin Amash has called for Donald Trump to be impeached, adding a first Republican voice to a growing chorus of Democrats demanding Congress move against the president. Amash is a libertarian and independent-minded politician who has flirted with the idea of a run against Trump in 2020, and has in turn been attacked by the White House. Elected in the Tea Party wave of 2010, he was a founder of the House Freedom Caucus, which has become a hard-right mouthpiece for Trump. No other Republican in Congress has said Trump should be impeached. In a series of tweets on Saturday, Amash said special counsel Robert Mueller had in his investigation of Russian election interference identified “multiple examples of conduct satisfying all the elements of obstruction of justice, and undoubtedly any person who is not the president of the United States would be indicted based on such evidence”. Mueller did not find evidence of a conspiracy between Trump and Russia but did lay out extensive contacts between aides and Moscow and 11 instances of potential obstruction of justice by the president or his campaign. On the obstruction question, Mueller said Congress should decide what happened next. In summarising Mueller’s work before Congress had seen it, however, the attorney general, William Barr, said he had decided Trump had not obstructed justice. The president and his supporters immediately claimed total exoneration, a drumbeat that has not slackened since. Amash said Barr “has deliberately misrepresented” Mueller’s work in presentations to the public and congressional testimony. “Contrary to Barr’s portrayal,” Amash said, “Mueller’s report reveals that President Trump engaged in specific actions and a pattern of behavior that meet the threshold for impeachment.” Of that threshold, he wrote that though the “high crimes and misdemeanors” mentioned in the constitution are “not defined, the context implies conduct that violates the public trust”. Impeachment, he wrote, “simply requires a finding that an official has engaged in careless, abusive, corrupt or otherwise dishonorable conduct”. Impeachment would be initiated by the House judiciary committee. But in a political calculation Democratic leaders have held off, unsure of the effect on voters and sure the process would fail in the Republican-controlled Senate, where a two-thirds majority would be required to convict Trump and remove him from office. Amash lamented the effect of America’s political divide, writing that “while impeachment should be undertaken only in extraordinary circumstances, the risk we face in an environment of extreme partisanship is not that Congress will employ it as a remedy too often but rather that Congress will employ it so rarely that it cannot deter misconduct. “Our system of checks and balances relies on each branch’s jealously guarding its powers and upholding its duties under our constitution. When loyalty to a political party or to an individual trumps loyalty to the constitution, the rule of law – the foundation of liberty – crumbles.” The Trump administration has refused to comply with House requests and subpoenas for records including the un-redacted Mueller report and its underlying evidence and Trump’s tax returns, raising claims on the left that the president is acting against the constitution in a dangerous grab for power. Amash said that while “few members of Congress even read Mueller’s report” – he said he had, in its entirety, and had consulted with his staff – “their minds were made up based on partisan affiliation and it showed, with representatives and senators from both parties issuing definitive statements on the 448-page report’s conclusions within just hours of its release.” Democrats and Republicans had “shift[ed] their views 180 degrees”, he said, “depending on whether they’re discussing Bill Clinton or Donald Trump”. Twenty years ago, Clinton was impeached by a Republican House but acquitted by the Senate. Senator Lindsey Graham of South Carolina, a key Trump supporter now, was a House impeachment manager then. His statements from two decades ago have been played in near-rotation on mainstream cable news. Amash concluded by saying elected officials should “uphold both the rules and spirit of our constitutional system even when to do so is personally inconvenient or yields a politically unfavorable outcome”. Reaction varied across the political spectrum, Amash’s comments being greeted by Trump opponents and dismissed by Trump supporters. Among Republican opponents of Trump, George Conway, a lawyer who is married to senior White House adviser Kellyanne Conway, said: “And he is … correct.”

  • Ocasio-Cortez Sides With Buffett on How Errant CEOs Should Pay
    Politics
    Bloomberg

    Ocasio-Cortez Sides With Buffett on How Errant CEOs Should Pay

    The freshman New York Democrat retweeted a CNBC article about how the Berkshire Hathaway chairman recently told shareholders that if a bank needs a government bail-out, the responsible CEO and his or her spouse should lose their net worth. In the CNBC story she retweeted, originally published on May 4, the day of Berkshire’s annual meeting in Omaha, Buffett was quoted as responding to a shareholder’s question regarding the Wells Fargo scandal in 2016 involving the creation of fake accounts. The story pointed out Berkshire is one of the largest shareholders in Wells Fargo.

  • Rocket attack hits near US Embassy in Baghdad's Green Zone
    World
    Associated Press

    Rocket attack hits near US Embassy in Baghdad's Green Zone

    BAGHDAD (AP) — A rocket was fired into the Iraqi capital's heavily fortified Green Zone Sunday night, landing less than a mile from the sprawling U.S. Embassy, an Iraqi military spokesman said.

  • Oprah surprises New Jersey principal, students with $500K donation
    U.S.
    WTVD – Raleigh/Durham

    Oprah surprises New Jersey principal, students with $500K donation

    Oprah Winfrey surprised a high school principal in New Jersey that is making a huge difference in his community.

  • Modi’s jobs deficit: J&J’s largest India plant idle three years after completion
    Business
    Reuters

    Modi’s jobs deficit: J&J’s largest India plant idle three years after completion

    It was to eventually employ at least 1,500 people and help bring development to a rural area near Hyderabad in southern India. Two sources familiar with J&J's operations in India and one state government official told Reuters production at the plant, at Penjerla in Telangana state, never began because of a slowing in the growth in demand for the products. One of them said that demand didn’t rise as expected because of two shock policy moves by Prime Minister Narendra Modi: a late 2016 ban on then circulating high-value currency notes, and the nationwide introduction of a goods and services tax (GST) in 2017.

  • This Missile Might be the U.S. Navy's Important Weapon in Decades
    World
    The National Interest

    This Missile Might be the U.S. Navy's Important Weapon in Decades

    The Tomahawk and its controversies might make headlines, but as the U.S. Navy re-arms for high-tech warfare, the SM-6 is the missile to watch.The U.S. Navy in late January 2019 confirmed the designation of its newest cruise missile, in the process clarifying its long-term plan for arming its growing fleet of warships.The plan heavily leans on one missile, in particular. It's the SM-6, an anti-aircraft weapon that quickly is evolving to perform almost every role the Navy assigns to a missile.(This first appeared earlier in the year.)The Navy dubbed the newest version of the venerable Tomahawk cruise missile the "Block V" model, Jane's reported. There are two separate variants of the Block V missile, one with an anti-ship warhead and another with a warhead the Navy optimized for striking targets on land.Raytheon's Tomahawk has been the subject of controversy in Washington, D.C. In order to save money the Obama administration wanted to pause production of the long-range missile, which since the 1980s has been the Navy's main weapon for striking land targets from the sea.Congress overruled the Obama administration and continued buying Tomahawks for roughly $1 million apiece, adding potentially hundreds of the missiles to the thousands the fleet already possesses.

  • Blast hits Egypt tourist bus, 17 injured: security, medical sources
    World
    AFP

    Blast hits Egypt tourist bus, 17 injured: security, medical sources

    An explosion struck a tourist bus on Sunday near Egypt's famed pyramids, injuring 17 people including foreigners, security and medical sources said. South Africans and Egyptians were among those injured when an explosive device went off, hitting the bus in Giza, according to the sources. Sunday's incident comes after three Vietnamese holidaymakers and their Egyptian guide were killed when a roadside bomb hit their bus as it travelled near the pyramids outside Cairo in December.

  • News
    USA TODAY Opinion

    Roe v. Wade gave women a right to choose abortion. But doctors like me have a choice, too.

    As a doctor, I'm not there to carry out the will of either the state or the individual, but to do what I see as in keeping with my medical role.

  • Republican congressman breaks ranks and calls for Donald Trump's impeachment
    Politics
    The Telegraph

    Republican congressman breaks ranks and calls for Donald Trump's impeachment

    A Republican congressman has broken ranks with the party and called for Donald Trump's impeachment. Justin Amash of Michigan, who is reportedly considering running against the President next year, said Mr Trump had engaged in conduct which met the threshold for impeachment. Mr Amash also accused the US attorney general, William Barr, of wilfully misleading Congress over the contents of Robert Mueller's report into alleged Russian interference in the 2016 presidential election. His attack was dismissed by Mr Trump who dismissed Mr Amash  as a "total lightweight." Never a fan of @justinamash, a total lightweight who opposes me and some of our great Republican ideas and policies just for the sake of getting his name out there through controversy. If he actually read the biased Mueller Report, “composed” by 18 Angry Dems who hated Trump,....— Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) May 19, 2019 Mr Amash also angered conservatives in his home state, with one Trump supporter threatening to challenge him in next year's congressional elections. The Congressman's intervention, on Twitter, came as the Democrats remained divided on whether to push for Mr Trump's impeachment. It is backed by left-wingers including presidential candidate Elizabeth Warren and opposed by moderates led by Nancy Pelosi, the Speaker of the House of Representatives. Mr Amash, a libertarian and a long-standing critic of Mr Trump, is one of 14 GOP Congressmen who refused to support the use of emergency powers to push through funding for a Mexican border wall. The congressman attacked Mr Barr's summary of the Mueller report which Mr Trump claimed was "a complete and total exoneration." Never a fan of @justinamash, a total lightweight who opposes me and some of our great Republican ideas and policies just for the sake of getting his name out there through controversy. If he actually read the biased Mueller Report, “composed” by 18 Angry Dems who hated Trump,....— Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) May 19, 2019 Mr Amash tweeted: "Barr's misrepresentations are significant but often subtle, frequently taking the form of sleight-of-hand qualifications or logical fallacies, which he hopes people will not notice. "Under our Constitution, the president 'shall be removed from Office on Impeachment for, and Conviction of, Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanours.'  "While 'high Crimes and Misdemeanors' is not defined, the context implies conduct that violates the public trust. About | Impeachment "Contrary to Barr's portrayal, Mueller's report reveals that President Trump engaged in specific actions and a pattern of behaviour that meet the threshold for impeachment." While impeachment should only be undertaken in extraordinary circumstances, he added, there was a danger that Congress would use it so rarely that it would not deter presidential misconduct. Mr Amash rounded on other members of Congress for reaching conclusions on the report before they had even read it. "Their minds were made up based on partisan affiliation—and it showed, with representatives and senators from both parties issuing definitive statements on the 448-page report's conclusions within just hours of its release."

  • Bernie Sanders proposes U.S. education overhaul in appeal to black voters
    Politics
    Reuters

    Bernie Sanders proposes U.S. education overhaul in appeal to black voters

    Democratic presidential hopeful Bernie Sanders unveiled an education policy proposal on Saturday designed to pump billions of dollars into the public schools system, in a bid to appeal to black voters who shunned the U.S. senator during his previous presidential run. The 10-point plan Sanders detailed in a speech in South Carolina aims to end racial disparities in the public education system. America's education policy debate has long been steeped in discussions of race and racial discrimination.

  • Once again, Iraq caught up in tensions between US and Iran
    World
    Associated Press

    Once again, Iraq caught up in tensions between US and Iran

    BAGHDAD (AP) — When U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo sat down with Iraqi officials in Baghdad last week as tensions mounted between America and Iran, he delivered a nuanced message: If you're not going to stand with us, stand aside.

  • Alex Rodriguez bathroom photo highlights permissive privacy laws
    Celebrity
    The Guardian

    Alex Rodriguez bathroom photo highlights permissive privacy laws

    * Former Yankees slugger snapped through apartment window * Lawyers seek photographer but legal recourse uncertainAlex Rodriguez was pictured on the toilet in the Park Avenue apartment he shares with his fiancee Jennifer Lopez in an image being shared on social media. Photograph: NBC/NBCU Photo Bank via Getty ImagesNew York’s liberal privacy laws are under scrutiny as lawyers for the retired baseball star Alex Rodriguez try to track down the photographer who snapped him sitting on the toilet in the Park Avenue apartment he shares with his fiancee, the actor and singer Jennifer Lopez.A picture making the rounds on social media shows the former New York Yankees slugger, known as “A-Rod”, looking at his phone in a white marble bathroom.The New York Post’s Page Six declined to publish the picture, citing privacy issues. The tabloid quoted an unidentified source who called the picture “a clear breach of privacy” and said: “One of the hedge funds in the building next door will be getting a big lawsuit.” With the continued onslaught of intrusive technologies, it may be time to revisit privacy protections Michael QuinnHowever, successful legal action may be hard to achieve.Six years ago, New York neighbours of the photographer Arne Svenson sought to block the sale of images he exhibited which showed them in unguarded moments.According to the New Yorker, Svenson consulted with a lawyer before peeking into the lives of others. The courts found he had not breached any legal convention.An appellate court decried the “technological home invasion” but ruled that Svenson’s actions were defensible under the first amendment, which guarantees free speech, and that such art needs no consent to be made or sold.On Saturday Michael Quinn, a New York art lawyer, told the Guardian Rodriguez’s options for recourse were limited.“New York state’s laws on rights to privacy are sparse,” Quinn said. “Any redress for this type of invasion – a photograph taken into a subject’s unobstructed window from a distance – would be limited to cases involving commercial exploitation.“With the continued onslaught of intrusive technologies, it may be time for the legislature to revisit privacy protections … of course, it may also be time for interior designers to bring back venetian blinds.”

  • Wild video shows the moment an F-16 fighter jet crashed into a California warehouse
    News
    BGR News

    Wild video shows the moment an F-16 fighter jet crashed into a California warehouse

    In a wild story that was captured on video, an F-16 fighter jet crashed into a warehouse in Riverside, California shortly after takeoff yesterday afternoon. The pilot managed to safely eject from the plane before the crash and is said to have suffered no injuries, according to a report from the Los Angeles Times.A full-on investigation into the cause of the crash will certainly yield more details, but early reports suggest that a hydraulics failure was the reason behind the malfunction and subsequent crash.Video of the impact was captured by a nearby car's dashboard cam. Ty Stanonis was on the freeway when the crash occurred ahead of him, he told FOX11. His vehicle's dashboard camera recorded the moment the jet crashed, showing the plane dropping into the building. "Everybody was slowing down, just trying to figure out what just happened," Stanonis said. The pilot's parachute deployed after he ejected, and he landed in a field inside the base. Stanonis said the pilot was still for a few moments but finally rose to his feet.The moment of impact can be seen in the first few seconds of the video below.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9j4dzuttA1wFootage captured from within the warehouse can be seen below. It's worth noting that the video contains explicit language.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1Ho35RgfUfIMiraculously, no one in the warehouse was seriously injured as a result of the crash, though a few individuals were taken to a nearby hospital for evaluation for minor injuries.Further, the F-16 was said to be carrying live ammunition which thankfully -- and remarkably -- did not go off. All in all, what could have been an all-out disaster resulted in no deaths or serious injuries

  • Glock 31 Gun: All You Need To Know About this Powerful Pistol
    News
    The National Interest

    Glock 31 Gun: All You Need To Know About this Powerful Pistol

    In the early 1990s, a handful of calibers emerged to challenge the nine-millimeter as the dominant semi-automatic handgun round. One of these, the .357 Sig, is the caliber of choice for the Glock 31 pistol. The Glock 31 is the company’s offering for those into high velocity or long distance handgun shooting. The G31 also comes with a large magazine capacity, making it an excellent self-defense or duty sidearm.The now infamous 1986 FBI Miami shootout was a watershed moment in the history of law enforcement. Eight FBI agents armed with pistols and shotguns engaged two bank robbers armed with superior weapons. Over the course of the gun battle, which saw the federal agents pinned down by suppressive fire from a Ruger Mini-14 semi-automatic rifle, two agents were killed and another five wounded. The two bank robbers were hit multiple times by incoming fire but were both able to continue shooting, contributing to the very high law enforcement casualty rate.In the aftermath of the shootout, the FBI and other government agencies began the search for a new, more powerful handgun round. Nine-millimeter and .38 Special proved ineffective at stopping the robbers, while .357 Magnum was a revolver cartridge that limited the user’s carrying capacity to six rounds at a time. Law enforcement wanted a powerful round that could be carried in large quantities.

  • Al Jazeera suspends two journalists over Holocaust report
    World
    AFP

    Al Jazeera suspends two journalists over Holocaust report

    Qatari state-funded broadcaster Al Jazeera suspended two journalists on Sunday over a video they produced claiming the extent of the Holocaust was being misrepresented by Jews. The clip, posted by Al Jazeera's online AJ+ Arabic service, claimed "the narrative" that the Nazis killed six million Jews was "adopted by the Zionist movement". The video said that "along with others, the Jews faced a policy of systematic persecution which culminated in the Final Solution".

  • OPEC+ Has More Work to Do Because Inventories Are Rising, Minister Says
    World
    Bloomberg

    OPEC+ Has More Work to Do Because Inventories Are Rising, Minister Says

    “The job is not complete,” Al Mazrouei told reporters in the Saudi Arabian city of Jeddah. Saudi Arabia, Russia and other oil producers in a global coalition are meeting in Jeddah this weekend to consider whether they’ll need to continue keeping supplies restrained during the second half of the year.

  • Cold Brew’s Insidious Hegemony
    Lifestyle
    National Review

    Cold Brew’s Insidious Hegemony

    Soon, many parts of the United States will be unbearably hot. Texans and Arizonans will be able to bake cookies on their car dashboards; the garbage on the streets of New York will be especially pungent; Washington will not only figuratively be a swamp. And all across America, coffee consumers will turn their backs on traditional coffee in favor of a more “refreshing” vehicle for caffeine: cold brew.As conservatives, we are inherently skeptical of any change of language norms that seeks to warp the objective meaning of words, and so we defend terms such as “man and woman,” “traditional marriage,” and now, we must defend “coffee.” “Coffee” is defined as a hot beverage made by steeping coffee in boiling water. Cold brew is made by soaking beans overnight, and the drink relies on time instead of heat to extract the flavor. The major disqualifying factor is that it's cold.Starbucks’s imperial command over coffee is greatly responsible for this Orwellian redefinition. Its ubiquitous mermaid logo may read “Starbucks Coffee,” but the corporate café caliphate makes most of its profit from drinks sugary enough to induce a diabetic coma in a small mammal. Even more sinister is that Starbucks expanded into Milan in 2018, irreverently flexing its muscle at coffee purists who turn up their noses while its ostentatious drinks conquer the international beverage forum, marginalizing and undermining traditional coffee.Smaller coffee shops have followed in Starbucks’s footsteps. Today, “Let’s go out for coffee!” seems like an innocent request from a coworker or friend, and it should suggest that the order will include a cup of boiled water that was brewed with coffee beans — whether it’s a single shot of espresso or a cup of café americano, made with a French press or Moka Express. But too often, they mean something else. In the summer, they mean cold brew.One New York City coffee-store owner told the New York Times in 2017 that in the summer, 65 percent of the “coffee” he sells is iced — every other part of the year, 75 percent of the “coffee” sold is hot. Iced coffee itself is a cousin of cold brew, but with nearly all of hot coffee's features except the most significant one: heat. It's brewed the same way, and then cooled. But demand for cold brew specifically is increasing, unsurprisingly, among my generation: Millennials. A habit of subversive behavior among Millennials has driven us to attack all of our civilization’s most sacred institutions, including coffee — the backbone of American productivity.As cold brew’s popularity metastasizes, usurping coffee for several months of the year, will we forget our proud national heritage? Cold brew requires patience and planning: One must make a prediction of business the next day in order to estimate how much to make the night before. This is a clear break from our proud tradition of urgency. While the harvesting and roasting of good coffee beans surely requires patience, has prepared coffee ever been associated with anything other than the quick satiation of a morning addiction, or the rush to meet a deadline? Like bread, coffee is a staple for good reason: One needs only five minutes, a heat source, a filtration method, and the beans. It’s dependable and democratic.Coffee has even provoked constitutional debate. Would we have considered tort reform within the framework of the Seventh Amendment had it not been for 1994’s infamous hot-coffee lawsuit, Liebeck v. McDonald’s?To those who will, during the summer months, abandon the beverage that gives many of us our will to live in the mornings, I ask just one concession to coffee purists: Drink your cold brew, but please, don’t call it “coffee.”

  • Donald Trump says he is in favour of abortion laws with exceptions for rape and incest
    News
    The Telegraph

    Donald Trump says he is in favour of abortion laws with exceptions for rape and incest

    President Donald Trump on Saturday declared himself "strongly Pro-Life" but in favor of exceptions for pregnancies resulting from rape or incest, after several US states passed tough new restrictions on abortions. The US president spelled out his position on abortion, set to be a hot-button issue at next year's election, days after Alabama's governor signed the country's most restrictive law - enacting a near-total prohibition even in cases of rape and incest. "As most people know, and for those who would like to know, I am strongly Pro-Life, with the three exceptions - Rape, Incest and protecting the Life of the mother - the same position taken by Ronald Reagan," tweeted Trump. Trump, a bombastic, twice-divorced billionaire, won over the evangelical vote during his 2016 campaign by promising to appoint anti-abortion justices at the Supreme Court. He has since brought two conservative appointees to the highest court in the land - Neil Gorsuch and Brett Kavanaugh - shifting the balance of the nine-person bench. American evangelicals now have high hopes that the court will chip away at its historic 1973 US decision to legalize abortion. In addition to Alabama, the Missouri legislature this week made abortions illegal from eight weeks of pregnancy. Georgia, Ohio, Mississippi, Kentucky, Iowa and North Dakota have enacted laws banning abortion from the moment a fetal heartbeat is detected. The bans are expected to be blocked in court, but supporters plan to appeal such decisions until they reach the Supreme Court, in hopes this will lead to the long-sought conservative goal of overturning the abortion ruling, known as Roe v Wade. Roe v Wade guarantees women's rights to abortion as long as the fetus is not viable - around 24 weeks of pregnancy. Trump has also called for a congressional ban on late-term abortions, as he seeks to expand on his conservative support ahead of his re-election bid. "The Radical Left, with late term abortion (and worse), is imploding on this issue," he tweeted late Saturday. "We must stick together and Win for Life in 2020."

  • Saudi crown prince discusses regional developments with Pompeo: ministry
    World
    Reuters

    Saudi crown prince discusses regional developments with Pompeo: ministry

    By Ali Abdelaty JEDDAH, Saudi Arabia (Reuters) - Saudi Arabia's crown prince discussed regional developments, including efforts to strengthen security and stability, in a phone call with U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, the Saudi Media Ministry tweeted on Sunday. The announcement came hours after the Saudi king invited Gulf and Arab leaders to convene emergency summits to discuss the implications of this week's attacks against oil installations in the kingdom and commercial ships off the coast of the United Arab Emirates. ...

  • US: Iran military could misidentify airliners amid tension
    World
    Associated Press

    US: Iran military could misidentify airliners amid tension

    DUBAI, United Arab Emirates (AP) — Commercial airliners flying over the Persian Gulf risk being targeted by "miscalculation or misidentification" from the Iranian military amid heightened tensions between the Islamic Republic and the U.S., American diplomats warned Saturday, even as both Washington and Tehran say they don't seek war.

  • 4 decades separate 2020's presidential candidates. Here's what that looks like.
    Politics
    USA TODAY

    4 decades separate 2020's presidential candidates. Here's what that looks like.

    From Buttigieg and Gabbard to Sanders and Biden, more than a generation separates the oldest and youngest candidates.

  • Lifestyle
    BGR News

    10 deals you don’t want to miss on Saturday: AirPods 2, $35 Fire TV Stick 4K, $10 Philips Hue bulbs, more

    We've got another great weekend edition of our daily deals roundups for you, because great deals never take a day off! Highlights include a rare opportunity to save $20 on Apple AirPods 2 (order now to lock in the discount and they'll ship soon, likely within a few weeks), the Fire TV Stick 4K for $35 instead of $50 and the Fire TV Stick for $25 instead of $40 (Prime members only), all-time low prices for the Apple Watch Series 3 starting at $199, all-time low prices on iPads starting at $249, just $11.50 for a SanDisk 64GB microSD card (other sizes on sale too!), Philips Hue white LED bulbs for $10 a piece when you buy a 4-pack, Alexa and Google enabled WiFi smart plugs for $7.25 each when you buy a 4-pack, and more. See all of today's top deals below.

  • Let Me Tell You About the Worst Submarine of All Time
    World
    The National Interest

    Let Me Tell You About the Worst Submarine of All Time

    For the Worst Submarine of All Time, I go further and nominate an entire silent service: the undersea arm of the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN).There are many candidates for this dubious honor. After all, submarining has been around for well over a century now. Many ships render honorable but unexceptional service. Standouts emerge, generally in times of strife, as do “floating coffins” and plain old hard-luck ships.And there are some that subtract value from the nation’s effort to reach its strategic and political aims. This is the unpardonable sin.The idea of ships that could submerge has been around since antiquity. Combat submersibles date to the Turtle, a hand-propelled contraption built to smite Royal Navy ships from beneath during the War of American Independence. But subs really became a going concern during the fin de siècle age, when propulsion technologies such as batteries, electric motors, and internal-combustion engines came to maturity around the same time.Combining these technologies yielded the diesel-electric propulsion plant, a hybrid affair that enabled subs to run silent, run deep on quiet electric motors when submerged and run on diesels and recharge batteries while cruising the surface. At the direction of First Sea Lord Jacky Fisher, the Royal Navy ordered five rudimentary boats designed by John Phillip Holland in 1900, and the age of modern undersea warfare was on.