One Free Press Coalition's '10 Most Urgent' list, December 2021

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To close out 2021, the monthly “10 Most Urgent” list from the One Free Press Coalition presents “the year in press freedom.” The 10 cases encompass concerning trends in threats to journalists — including surveillance, harassment, imprisonment and impunity for those who attack them,

1. Zhang Zhan (China)

A pro-democracy activist holds two placards with Chinese writing, one with a picture of journalist Zhang Zhan and the other with a rendering of a dozen people in a small boat with the hashtag: #save12hkyouths.
A pro-democracy activist holds placards with the picture of Chinese citizen journalist Zhang Zhan outside the Chinese central government's liaison office, in Hong Kong, on Dec. 28, 2020. (Kin Cheung/AP Photo)

Zhang Zhan has been on a hunger strike behind bars and is now in critically ill health. It has been nearly one year since the independent journalist was sentenced to four years in prison for “picking quarrels and provoking trouble” after publishing videos critical of the government’s COVID-19 response from Wuhan.

2. Olivier Dubois (Mali)

Olivier Dubois, sitting with a pad of paper in his lap, holds a blue pen up to his face.
French journalist Olivier Dubois is photographed while reporting in Nioro, Mali, on Sept. 14, 2020. (Michele Cattani/AFP via Getty Images)

French journalist Olivier Dubois went missing in May while reporting on Al-Qaida-affiliated group Jamaa Nusrat al-Islam wal-Muslimin (JNIM). Days later, a video of Dubois was released, revealing he was held in JNIM custody. He remains missing as his family continues to fight tirelessly to get answers as to his whereabouts.

3. April Ehrlich (USA)

April Ehrlich.
April Ehrlich. (Via

In September 2020, police arrested local radio reporter April Ehrlich in Portland, Ore., while she was covering evictions of people living in a city park. Police charged her with criminal trespassing, interfering with a peace officer and resisting arrest. Some of these misdemeanors could come with prison terms up to 364 days and fines of up to $6,250.

4. Lázaro Yuri Valle Roca (Cuba)

Lázaro Yuri Valle Roca.
Lázaro Yuri Valle Roca. (Via Facebook)

Cuban journalist Lázaro Yuri Valle Roca, who covers social and political affairs in Cuba on his YouTube channel, has been held in pretrial detention for close to six months on an investigation for the crimes of contempt and sharing enemy propaganda. The day before his arrest, he published a video reporting on pro-democracy leaflets being thrown off a Havana building.

5. Juan Lorenzo Holmann and Miguel Mendoza (Nicaragua)

Juan Lorenzo Holmann, publisher of La Prensa, and journalist Miguel Mendoza have been jailed since this summer — in a prison notorious for its poor conditions and torture — on sham charges in retaliation for their critical reporting and commentary. Their imprisonment comes at a time of escalated crackdowns on the press in the country, and as dozens of journalists have gone into exile.

6. Hanthar Nyein (Myanmar)

Hanthar Nyein.
Hanthar Nyein. (Via Facebook)

Hanthar Nyein, a news producer at Kamayut Media, was imprisoned this past March under Article 505(a) of the penal code and another criminal charge for his journalism. His colleagues have said that while imprisoned, he has been tortured and deprived of food and water.

7. Ayşenur Parildak (Turkey)

Ayşenur Parıldak.
Ayşenur Parıldak. (Via Twitter)

Ayşenur Parildak, a court reporter for the shuttered daily Zaman, was arrested in 2016 as part of broader crackdowns against the press after the 2016 coup in Turkey. Her parole has been denied, despite the fact that other journalists with the same charges have since been released.

8. Ksenia Lutskina (Belarus)

Ksenia Lutskina.
Ksenia Lutskina. (Via Facebook)

Ksenia Lutskina, an independent journalist, was arrested after participating in an event at the Press Club Belarus, where five club members were also arrested and all given spurious charges of tax evasion. If convicted, she could face seven years in prison. Lutskina, who has a brain tumor, has been denied medical treatment while in detention.

9. Mina Khairi (Afghanistan)

Mina Khairi, an anchor at the local broadcaster Ariana News TV in Kabul, was killed this past June after unidentified attackers detonated an improvised explosive device attached to a van. Afghanistan ranks fifth on the Committee to Protect Journalists' 2021 Impunity Index.

10. Rana Ayyub (India)

Rana Ayyub.
Rana Ayyub. (Via Facebook)

In June, Uttar Pradesh, India, police filed a criminal complaint stating that they were opening an investigation into columnist and journalist Rana Ayyub, as well as the publication the Wire and two other journalists. Ayyub has long been the target of online harassment and misinformation campaigns in response to her commentary and reporting.

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