COVID-19 Pandemic Led to a Surge of Liquidity-driven Corporate Bond Issuance
Revenue and Operating Profit Grew Across All Four Divisions
Diluted EPS Increased 46% to $3.28 ; Adjusted Diluted EPS Increased 40% to $3.40
Operating Profit Margin Improved 920 Basis Points to 56.9%
Adjusted Operating Profit Margin Improved 740 Basis Points to 58.7%
Several New Products Launched During the Quarter
Company Refines Planning Scenarios Associated with Managing COVID-19 Risks
Company Increases 2020 Guidance
NEW YORK , July 28, 2020 /PRNewswire/ -- S&P Global (NYSE: SPGI) today reported second quarter 2020 results with revenue of $1,943 million , an increase of 14% compared to the same period last year. Net income increased 43% to $792 million and diluted earnings per share increased 46% to $3.28 primarily due to revenue growth in S&P Global Ratings and reduced expenses from COVID-19 related management actions.
Adjusted net income increased 37% to $822 million and adjusted diluted earnings per share increased 40% to $3.40 primarily due to revenue growth in S&P Global Ratings and reduced expenses across the Company from COVID-19 related management actions. The adjustments in the second quarter of 2020 were associated with restructurings in Corporate, a gain on a divestment, as well as deal-related amortization and Kensho retention-related expenses.
"Companies, particularly in the U.S., have turned to the bond market to raise liquidity during this COVID-19 pandemic while central banks have initiated bond purchase programs to support market liquidity. The need for our products has increased during these uncertain times and we are proud that our people and our organization have delivered the insights and essential intelligence that the market expects from us. In fact, all four of our divisions delivered solid growth during the quarter," said Douglas L. Peterson , President and Chief Executive Officer of S&P Global. "These are unprecedented times and over 99% of our employees continue to work from home. I am proud of their efforts not only to ensure that all of our operations continue uninterrupted, but also to innovate with new product launches and advance our investment and productivity programs while supporting the markets and our customers with relevant and timely ratings, benchmarks, research, data and analytics."
Profit Margin: The Company's operating profit margin increased 920 basis points to 56.9% and the adjusted operating profit margin increased 740 basis points to 58.7% primarily due to revenue growth in S&P Global Ratings and reduced expenses due to management actions in response to COVID-19.
Return of Capital: No new share repurchases were made in the second quarter while our existing ASR program was in place. On July 27 , this ASR program was completed. During the second quarter, the Company paid $162 million in dividends. During the first half of 2020, the Company has returned $1.47 billion to shareholders consisting of $1.15 billion in share repurchases and $323 million in dividends.
Ratings: Revenue increased 26% to $1,006 million in the second quarter primarily due to strong global investment-grade issuance, including record quarterly U.S. investment-grade issuance. Transaction revenue increased 48% to $624 million due primarily to an increase in global bond issuance partially offset by decreased bank loan rating activity. Non-transaction revenue increased 1% to $382 million .
Operating profit increased 51% to $693 million and the operating profit margin improved 1,150 basis points to 68.9% compared to the second quarter of 2019. Adjusted operating profit increased 47% to $695 million and the adjusted operating profit margin improved 1,020 basis points to 69.1%.
S&P Dow Jones Indices: S&P Dow Jones Indices LLC is a majority-owned subsidiary. The consolidated results are included in S&P Global's income statement and the portion related to the 27% noncontrolling interest is removed in net income attributable to noncontrolling interests.
Revenue increased 2% to $240 million in the second quarter of 2020 due primarily to a 20% increase in exchange-traded derivative fees and a 6% gain in data and custom subscriptions.
Asset-linked fees include fees associated with ETFs, mutual funds, and certain over-the-counter derivatives. Revenue from ETFs is the largest component of asset-linked fees, and average ETF AUM associated with the Company's indices increased 2% year-over-year. However, quarter-ending ETF AUM associated with our indices was $1,616 billion , a 6% increase from 2Q 2019.
Operating profit increased 5% to $171 million and the operating profit margin increased 220 basis points to 71.4%. Adjusted operating profit increased 5% to $172 million and the adjusted operating profit margin improved 210 basis points to 71.9%. Operating profit attributable to the Company increased 5% to $125 million . Adjusted operating profit attributable to the Company increased 5% to $126 million .
Market Intelligence: Revenue increased 6% to $516 million in the second quarter of 2020 with growth in Data Management Solutions, Credit Risk Solutions, and Desktop as well as the addition of 451 Research. Quarterly operating profit increased 16% to $159 million and the operating profit margin improved 280 basis points to 30.8% as increased revenue outpaced modestly higher expenses. Adjusted operating profit increased 13% to $177 million and adjusted operating profit margin improved 220 basis points to 34.4%.
Platts: Revenue increased 2% to $217 million with growth in both the core subscription business and Global Trading Services. Quarterly operating profit increased 12% to $124 million and the operating profit margin increased 500 basis points to 57.3% due to revenue growth and lower expenses. Adjusted operating profit increased 9% to $127 million and adjusted operating profit margin increased 400 basis points to 58.3%.
Corporate Unallocated Expense: This expense decreased from $58 million in the prior period to $42 million in the second quarter of 2020 due primarily to a reduction in restructuring expenses versus the prior period. Adjusted Corporate Unallocated expense declined from $35 million in the prior period to $30 million due primarily to lower rental expense from a reduction in the Company's real estate footprint and lower professional fees, partially offset by a contribution to the S&P Global Foundation made in 2020.
Provision for Income Taxes: The Company's effective tax rate decreased to 21.7% in the second quarter of 2020 compared to 23.0% in the same period last year and the Company's adjusted effective tax rate decreased to 21.7% in the second quarter of 2020 compared to 23.1% in the same period last year. Both declines were due primarily to the successful resolution of tax examinations in various jurisdictions.
Balance Sheet and Cash Flow: Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash at the end of the second quarter were $2.7 billion . In the first six months of 2020, cash provided by operating activities was $1,617 million , cash used for investing activities was $ 186 million, and cash used for financing activities was $1,610 million . Free cash flow in the first six months of 2020 was $1,507 million , an increase of $602 million from the same period in 2019, primarily due to an increase in net income and the timing of U.S. federal estimated tax payments.
Outlook: Due to the uncertainties associated with COVID-19, S&P Global has analyzed several scenarios that are contingent on the depth and duration of the COVID-19 pandemic and its resulting impact on economic and market-specific drivers that may impact the Company's businesses. This quarter, S&P Global has disclosed two specific scenarios as part of its second quarter 2020 earnings materials, with the "late 3Q recovery" being the baseline scenario at this point in time and the basis for the following revised guidance. GAAP diluted EPS guidance is increased from a range of $9.50 to $9.70 to a new range of $10.25 to $10.45 . Adjusted diluted EPS guidance is increased from a range of $9.95 to $10.15 to a new range of $10.75 to $10.95 . Additional details for these scenarios are presented on slides 43-47 of the second quarter 2020 earnings materials which are available at http://investor.spglobal.com/Quarterly-Earnings .
Comparison of Adjusted Information to U.S. GAAP Information: The Company reports its financial results in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States ("GAAP"). The Company also refers to and presents certain additional non-GAAP financial measures, within the meaning of Regulation G under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. These measures are: adjusted diluted earnings per share, adjusted net income, adjusted operating profit and margin, organic revenue, adjusted Corporate Unallocated expense, adjusted effective tax rates, adjusted diluted EPS guidance, free cash flow, and free cash flow excluding certain items. The Company has included reconciliations of these non-GAAP financial measures to the most directly comparable financial measures calculated in accordance with GAAP on Exhibits 5, 7 and 8. Reconciliations of certain forward-looking non-GAAP financial measures to comparable GAAP measures are not available due to the challenges and impracticability with estimating some of the items. The Company is not able to provide reconciliations of such forward-looking non-GAAP financial measures because certain items required for such reconciliations are outside of the Company's control and/or cannot be reasonably predicted. Because of those challenges, reconciliations of such forward-looking non-GAAP financial measures are not available without unreasonable effort.
The Company's non-GAAP measures include adjustments that reflect how management views our businesses. The Company believes these non-GAAP financial measures provide useful supplemental information that, in the case of non-GAAP financial measures other than free cash flow and free cash flow excluding certain items, enables investors to better compare the Company's performance across periods, and management also uses these measures internally to assess the operating performance of its business, to assess performance for employee compensation purposes and to decide how to allocate resources. The Company believes that the presentation of free cash flow and free cash flow excluding certain items allows investors to evaluate the cash generated from our underlying operations in a manner similar to the method used by management and that such measures are useful in evaluating the cash available to us to prepay debt, make strategic acquisitions and investments, and repurchase stock. However, investors should not consider any of these non-GAAP measures in isolation from, or as a substitute for, the financial information that the Company reports.
Conference Call/Webcast Details: The Company's senior management will review the second quarter 2020 earnings results on a conference call scheduled for today, July 28 , at 8:30 a.m. EDT . Additional information presented on the conference call may be made available on the Company's Investor Relations Website at http://investor.spglobal.com .
The Webcast will be available live and in replay at http://investor.spglobal.com/Quarterly-Earnings . (Please copy and paste URL into Web browser.)
Telephone access is available. U.S. participants may call (888) 603-9623; international participants may call +1 (630) 395-0220 (long-distance charges will apply). The passcode is "S&P Global" and the conference leader is Douglas Peterson . A recorded telephone replay will be available approximately two hours after the meeting concludes and will remain available until October 28, 2020 . U.S. participants may call (888) 566-0398; international participants may call +1 (402) 998-0588 (long-distance charges will apply). No passcode is required.
Forward-Looking Statements: This press release contains "forward-looking statements," as defined in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements, including statements about COVID-19 and the scenarios we are using to project the impact of the pandemic on the Company, which express management's current views concerning future events, trends, contingencies or results, appear at various places in this report and use words like "anticipate," "assume," "believe," "continue," "estimate," "expect," "forecast," "future," "intend," "plan," "potential," "predict," "project," "strategy," "target" and similar terms, and future or conditional tense verbs like "could," "may," "might," "should," "will" and "would." For example, management may use forward-looking statements when addressing topics such as: the outcome of contingencies; future actions by regulators; changes in the Company's business strategies and methods of generating revenue; the development and performance of the Company's services and products; the expected impact of acquisitions and dispositions; the Company's effective tax rates; and the Company's cost structure, dividend policy, cash flows or liquidity.
Forward-looking statements are subject to inherent risks and uncertainties. Factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied in forward-looking statements include, among other things:
worldwide economic, financial, political and regulatory conditions, and factors that contribute to uncertainty and volatility including natural and man-made disasters, civil unrest, pandemics (e.g., COVID-19), geopolitical uncertainty, and conditions that may result from legislative, regulatory, trade and policy changes associated with the current U.S. administration;
the Company's ability to successfully recover should it experience a disaster or other business continuity problem from a hurricane, flood, earthquake, terrorist attack, pandemic, security breach, cyber attack, power loss, telecommunications failure or other natural or man-made event, including the ability to function remotely during long-term disruptions such as the COVID-19 pandemic;
the Company's ability to maintain adequate physical, technical and administrative safeguards to protect the security of confidential information and data, and the potential for a system or network disruption that results in regulatory penalties and remedial costs or improper disclosure of confidential information or data;
the outcome of litigation, government and regulatory proceedings, investigations and inquiries;
the health of debt and equity markets, including credit quality and spreads, the level of liquidity and future debt issuances, demand for investment products that track indices and assessments, and trading volumes of certain exchange-traded derivatives;
the demand and market for credit ratings in and across the sectors and geographies where the Company operates;
concerns in the marketplace affecting the Company's credibility or otherwise affecting market perceptions of the integrity or utility of independent credit ratings, benchmarks, and indices;
the effect of competitive products and pricing, including the level of success of new product developments and global expansion;
the Company's exposure to potential criminal sanctions or civil penalties for noncompliance with foreign and U.S. laws and regulations that are applicable in the domestic and international jurisdictions in which it operates, including sanctions laws relating to countries such as Iran , Russia , Sudan , Syria and Venezuela , anti-corruption laws such as the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and the U.K. Bribery Act of 2010, and local laws prohibiting corrupt payments to government officials, as well as import and export restrictions;
the continuously evolving regulatory environment, in Europe , the United States and elsewhere, affecting S&P Global Ratings, S&P Global Platts, S&P Dow Jones Indices, and S&P Global Market Intelligence, including the Company's compliance therewith;
the Company's ability to make acquisitions and dispositions and successfully integrate the businesses we acquire;
consolidation in the Company's end-customer markets;
the introduction of competing products or technologies by other companies;
the impact of customer cost-cutting pressures, including in the financial services industry and the commodities markets;
a decline in the demand for credit risk management tools by financial institutions;
the level of merger and acquisition activity in the United States and abroad;
the volatility and the health of the energy and commodities markets;
our ability to attract, incentivize, and retain key employees;
the level of the Company's future cash flows and capital investments;
the impact on the Company's revenue and net income caused by fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates;
the Company's ability to adjust to changes in European and United Kingdom markets as the United Kingdom leaves the European Union, and the impact of the United Kingdom's departure on our credit rating activities and other offerings in the European Union and United Kingdom ; and
the impact of changes in applicable tax or accounting requirements, including the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act on the Company.
The factors noted above are not exhaustive. The Company and its subsidiaries operate in a dynamic business environment in which new risks emerge frequently. Accordingly, the Company cautions readers not to place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the dates on which they are made. The Company undertakes no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statement to reflect events or circumstances arising after the date on which it is made, except as required by applicable law. Further information about the Company's businesses, including information about factors that could materially affect its results of operations and financial condition, is contained in the Company's filings with the SEC, including Item 1A, Risk Factors , in our most recently filed Annual Report on Form 10-K and Item 1A, Risk Factors in our most recently filed Form 10-Q.
About S&P Global
S&P Global is the world's foremost provider of credit ratings, benchmarks and analytics in the global capital and commodity markets, offering ESG solutions, deep data, and insights on critical business factors. We've been providing essential intelligence that unlocks opportunity, fosters growth, and accelerates progress for more than 160 years. Our divisions include S&P Global Ratings, S&P Global Market Intelligence, S&P Dow Jones Indices, and S&P Global Platts. For more information, visit www.spglobal.com .
Investor Relations: http://investor.spglobal.com
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Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income
Three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019
(dollars in millions, except per share data)
Gain on disposition
Other (income) expense, net
Interest expense, net
Income before taxes on income
Provision for taxes on income
Less: net income attributable to noncontrolling interests
Net income attributable to S&P Global Inc.
Earnings per share attributable to S&P Global Inc. common shareholders:
Weighted-average number of common shares outstanding:
Actual shares outstanding at period end
N/M - not meaningful
Note - % change in the tables throughout the exhibits are calculated off of the actual number, not the rounded number presented.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019
(dollars in millions)
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash
Other current assets
Total current assets
Property and equipment, net