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WASHINGTON — President Donald Trump continues to trail Democratic challenger Joe Biden nationally as more than 60 percent of voters say America’s response to the coronavirus has been unsuccessful and just one-in-five believe the U.S. economy is on solid footing.
Those are the major findings from the latest national NBC News/Wall Street Journal poll, which was conducted during the pandemic that has killed more than 170,000 Americans and as the presidential race enters a new phase, with the party conventions beginning on Monday just days after Biden's selection of Sen. Kamala Harris, D-Calif., as his running mate.
According to the survey, Biden leads Trump nationally by 9 points among registered voters, 50 percent to 41 percent, and the former vice president holds double-digit advantages over Trump on the coronavirus, immigration, health care, race relations and uniting the country.
What’s more, the poll shows Harris with a higher net personal rating than either Trump or Biden.
Still, Trump maintains his lead over Biden on the economy — which the poll finds is voters’ top issue heading into the election — and the president’s overall numbers have improved from last month, although the movement is within the survey’s margin of error.
What also stands out in the poll is how stable Biden’s lead over Trump has been during the past year, ranging from 6 to 11 points in the last nine NBC News/WSJ surveys.
“Clearly, Biden is in the lead. Clearly, Trump has a lot of problems,” said Democratic pollster Peter Hart, who conducted this survey with Republican pollster Bill McInturff.
But Hart stressed that the election is “not a done deal,” especially with a majority of voters saying they’re either uncertain or pessimistic about the job Biden would do as president.
“Biden is well-known, but not known well, and people are looking for direction on that,” Hart said in previewing the upcoming Democratic convention.
Trump’s challenge ahead of his convention, which begins on Aug. 24, is expanding support beyond his committed Republican base, with an approval rating and ballot position stuck in the low 40s.
“That seems to me to be short of where he needs to be to win an election,” said McInturff, the GOP pollster.
Biden’s 9-point national lead in the horserace is down from his 11-point edge in last month’s NBC News/WSJ poll.
In the current poll, the former vice president maintains his advantages with Blacks (88 percent back him versus 8 percent for Trump), Latinos (57 percent to 31 percent), voters ages 18-34 (54 percent to 30 percent), independents (49 percent to 25 percent), whites with college degrees (58 percent to 35 percent), women (57 percent to 36 percent) and seniors (50 percent to 43 percent).
Trump, meanwhile, leads among all whites (49 percent to 42 percent), men (47 percent to 43 percent) and whites without college degrees (59 percent to 27 percent).
In the combined 11 battleground states — Arizona, Colorado, Florida, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Nevada, New Hampshire, North Carolina, Pennsylvania and Wisconsin — Biden is ahead of Trump by 7 points, 49 percent to 42 percent.
Fifty-eight percent of Biden voters say their support for the former vice president is based more on their feelings against Trump, while 36 percent say it's based on their support for Biden.
By contrast, 74 percent of Trump voters are more for the president, versus 20 percent who are more against Biden.
Interest in the upcoming election continues to be sky-high, with 79 percent of all voters registering either a “9” or “10” on a 10-point scale in interest, which is greater than interest in previous presidential elections at this same point in time.
Eighty-five percent of Republicans say they have high interest in the upcoming election, versus 83 percent of Democrats who say the same.
More view Kamala Harris positively
The NBC News/WSJ poll was conducted both before and after Biden selected Kamala Harris as his vice-presidential running mate on Tuesday, Aug. 11.
Thirty-nine percent of voters have a positive impression of Harris, while 35 percent have a negative view of her.
That overall net score for Harris (+4) is higher than the scores for Vice President Mike Pence (-5), Biden (-6), and President Trump (-12), but it’s lower than former President Barack Obama’s (+20).
Still, Biden and Trump voters are divided over Harris, with 71 percent of Biden voters holding a positive view of her, versus just 4 percent of Trump voters.
As for views of both Trump and Biden, a combined 41 percent of voters say they are either “optimistic and confident” or “satisfied and hopeful” about the job Trump would do as president if he wins in November, while 59 percent are “uncertain and wondering” or “pessimistic and worried.”
That’s compared with 46 percent who are optimistic and hopeful about Biden, and 52 percent who are uncertain and pessimistic.
Majority say response to coronavirus has been unsuccessful
A combined 61 percent of voters believe America’s response to the coronavirus has been unsuccessful, including 39 percent who say it’s been “very” unsuccessful and another 22 percent who say it’s been “somewhat” unsuccessful.
By comparison, just 36 percent of voters think the response has been successful, including 28 percent who say it’s been “somewhat” successful and 8 percent who say it’s been “very” successful.
Not surprisingly, there’s a stark partisan divide on these numbers, with 84 percent of Democrats and 58 percent of independents saying the response has been unsuccessful, versus 59 percent of Republicans who believe it has been successful.
Forty percent of voters say they approve of Trump’s handing of the coronavirus, while 58 percent disapprove.
Last month, those numbers were 37 percent approve, 59 percent disapprove.
The president’s overall job rating stands at 44 percent approve, 53 percent disapprove, another slight improvement from July (when it was 42 percent approve, 56 percent disapprove).
And on the economy, only 22 percent describe current economic conditions as either “excellent” or “good," down from 29 percent who said this back in June.
By contrast, a whopping 77 percent say the economy is either “only fair” or “poor,” which is up from 68 percent two months ago.
Trump leads on economy, crime; Biden leads on all other issues
Despite those grim economic numbers, Trump holds a double-digit advantage on which candidate would do a better job handling the economy, with 48 percent picking the president versus 38 percent siding with Biden.
Trump also leads on fighting crime, 43 percent to 39 percent.
But Biden has the edge on all the other issues in the poll, including having strong leadership qualities (43 percent to 39 percent), foreign policy (49 percent to 39 percent), immigration (49 percent to 38 percent), health care (50 percent to 34 percent), the coronavirus (49 percent to 33 percent), bringing the country together (49 percent to 26 percent) and race relations (53 percent to 29 percent).
Asked which one or two of these issues are the most important in deciding their vote for president, the top combined responses are the economy (51 percent), bringing the country together (43 percent), having strong leadership qualities (34 percent), health care (29 percent) and the coronavirus (27 percent).
“For Donald Trump, this election is about the economy, full stop. For voters, this election is about more than that, with their health and bringing the country together also major considerations,” said Democratic pollster Jeff Horwitt of Hart Research Associates, who also helped conduct this poll.
Democrats hold 5-point lead on congressional preference
The NBC News/WSJ poll also shows Democrats holding a 5-point advantage on congressional preference, with 47 percent of voters preferring Democrats in control of Congress, versus 42 percent who want Republicans in charge.
That’s higher than the 4-point edge Democrats held in July, but it’s down from the 11-point advantage the party enjoyed in June.
The NBC News/Wall Street Journal poll was conducted Aug. 9-12 of 900 registered voters, more than half of whom were reached by cell phone, and it has an overall margin of error of plus-minus 3.3 percentage points.
CORRECTION (Aug. 20, 2020, 11:14 a.m. ET): An earlier version of this article misstated the percentage of Biden voters who said their support was more for Biden than against Trump. That number is 38 percent, not 36 percent.