About 9% of Ukrainians communicate primarily in the Russian language at home, according to a survey published by the Sociological Group Rating on Aug. 23.
Almost 60% of respondents said that they usually speak at home in Ukrainian, and 30% said they use both languages.
Based on the poll, the use of the Russian language in everyday life has been noticeably decreasing since March 2022 following Russia's full-scale invasion of Ukraine.
Roughly 82% of people who took part in the survey named Ukrainian as their mother tongue, while only 16% said they grew up using Russian as their first language.
The researchers noted that among internally displaced persons (IDP) or refugees living abroad, the majority use both languages or speak Russian. However, over 70% of them consider Ukrainian to be their native language.
While refugees living abroad mainly expressed negative emotions like sadness or fear, respondents who continue to reside in Ukraine said they feel more proud of their country, according to the survey.
When asked what they consider signs of patriotism, 46% of respondents named donating and volunteering, 45% named speaking Ukrainian, around 33% said serving in the army or working in Ukraine even during the full-scale war, and over 25% said that patriotism means interest in the country's history.
The survey was conducted between Aug. 16-20 with the involvement of 6,050 respondents, including 700 IDPs and 750 refugees living abroad.
Although Ukrainian is the country's official language, the population regularly uses both Ukrainian and Russian for everyday communication. Moscow has repeatedly made unfounded accusations against Kyiv that it oppresses its Russian-language speakers, using it as a justification for its aggression.
According to a survey by the Kyiv International Institute of Sociology (KIIS) from June, 84% of Ukrainians believe there are no problems with using the Russian language in Ukraine, and Russian-speaking citizens are not oppressed.
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