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Editor's note: This page recaps the news from Ukraine on Monday, July 25. Follow here for the latest updates and news from Tuesday, July 26, as Russia's invasion continues.
Russia has expanded its military goals in Ukraine from seizing control of the eastern Donbas region to regime change, the Kremlin's top diplomat says.
Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov, speaking to envoys at an Arab League summit in Cairo late Sunday, said Moscow is targeting the "absolutely unacceptable regime" of President Volodymyr Zelenskyy.
"We feel sorry for the Ukrainian people, who deserve far better," Lavrov said. "We feel sorry for Ukrainian history, which is collapsing before our eyes."
Zelenskyy was unbowed, pleading to win "this war for independence" and to keep Ukraine on a course toward full membership in the EU and becoming one of the most modern states in the world.
Russian troops swept into Ukraine on Feb. 24 and rolled toward Kyiv before bogging down on the outskirts of the capital. The Kremlin then hit reset, focusing its efforts on the industrial Donbas.
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►After a Monday visit to the Republic of Congo, Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov plans to travel to Uganda and Ethiopia in what appears to be an effort to bolster African support, especially for any upcoming U.N. votes.
►Ukraine will hand over "Eurovision" hosting duties to Britain next year, despite winning this year's blockbuster TV event, because of dangers caused by the war, the European Broadcasting Union said.
►Wheat prices rose sharply Monday after Russian missiles struck the Ukrainian shipping port of Odesa over the weekend.
►Russia’s Federal Security Service, the KGB's successor agency, said Monday that it has thwarted an attempt by the Ukrainian military intelligence to entice Russian military pilots to surrender their combat jets to Ukraine by offering them money and EU citizenship.
RUSSIA DEFENDS ATTACK ON ODESA: Russia says it hit only military targets; envoy says Ukraine kids kidnapped: Live updates
WHERE THE WAR STANDS AFTER 5 MONTHS: Here are the issues you need to know
New rocket launchers from US having major impact, Ukraine defense chief says
An advanced weapons system provided by the U.S. has allowed Ukraine to destroy 50 Russian ammunition depots since arriving in June, Ukrainian Defense Minister Oleksiy Reznikov said Monday in televised remarks.
"This cuts their logistical chains and takes away their ability to conduct active fighting and cover our armed forces with heavy shelling," Reznikov said.
The U.S. initially sent eight High Mobility Artillery Rocket Systems, which have a longer range and more accuracy than Ukraine's Soviet-era artillery, and has since committed to eight more. The American military has also provided training on their use. The weapons can help negate some of the artillery advantage that has helped the Russians make substantial gains in the eastern Donbas region.
"We will tailor our assistance to ensure that Ukraine has the technology, the ammunition and the sheer firepower to defend itself,” Defense Secretary Lloyd Austin said last week in announcing the latest HIMARS package.
The Kremlin has prioritized finding the HIMARS launchers and claims to have destroyed four, which the Ukraine military denies.
Thousands of Ukrainians getting deported to Russia, intelligence assessment says
Thousands of Ukrainian civilians are being detained and deported to Russia through so-called filtration operations, according to a newly declassified report from the National Intelligence Council, which provides analysis for the Office of the Director of National Intelligence.
"The filtration process includes temporary detention, data collection, interrogation, and in some cases abuse of detainees'' at 18 or more processing centers, the document says.
It also highlights that detained Ukrainians are classified by risk level and put into one of three categories, all of which may include being forcefully sent to Russia. The most threatening ones, especially those with a military link, are likely kept in prisons in Russia and eastern Ukraine, "though little is known about their fates.''
The U.S. Department of State has called on Russia to halt these filtration operations, estimating they have resulted in the forced deportation of between 900,000 and 1.6 million Ukrainians, including 260,000 children.
Americans killed fighting for Ukraine identified by commander
Two American volunteers who died fighting for Ukraine were identified Monday by their commander. They are Luke “Skywalker” Lucyszyn, a medic from Myrtle Beach, South Carolina, and Bryan Young, about whom no other information was available Monday.
The State Department confirmed Friday that two more Americans had died in Ukraine but did not release their names or any other details. Family and friends confirmed Lucyszyn, 31, was one of them.
His commander, Ruslan Miroshnichenko, wrote on Facebook that Lucyszyn died July 18 in the Donbas region after getting knocked unconscious by an artillery strike and fatally shot by a Russian tank. Miroshnichenko also wrote that Young and two other soldiers were killed coming to Lucyszyn's aid. He described Young as a "professional soldier.''
Gazprom cuts gas supplies to EU to 20% of capacity
Russian energy giant Gazprom announced another cut in the flow of gas through its Nord Stream 1 pipeline to Europe, dropping the flow to about 20% of normal capacity. The company blamed the need to overhaul another pipeline turbine.
Earlier Monday, Gazprom said documents received from German equipment maker Siemens have failed to resolve concerns surrounding another turbine that Gazprom blamed for a 60% decline in gas flow to Europe. That turbine was sent to Canada for maintenance, then shipped to Germany. Gazprom has asked Siemens to provide "prompt support in obtaining the required documents" so the turbine can be delivered to Russia.
Germany is accusing the Russian firm of politically motivated stall tactics, and Ukraine President Volodymyr Zelenskyy said, “All this is done by Russia deliberately to make it as difficult as possible for Europeans to prepare for winter.”
Ukraine could start shipping grain this week
The first shipments of grain under a deal mediated by the United Nations and Turkey could leave Ukraine's Chornomorsk port this week, Ukrainian Infrastructure Minister Oleksandr Kubrakov said Monday. Kubrakov told Radio Free Europe there was no limit in the deal on the amount of grain that could be shipped.
The deal signed Friday could clear the way for the shipment of millions of tons of Ukrainian grain desperately needed across much of the developing world, as well as Russian grain and fertilizer. A Russian strike on the southern port town of Odesa over the weekend had raised questions about whether the agreement would hold.
"We expect the agreement to start working in the coming days," said Kubrakov, who led Ukraine's delegation at talks in Istanbul last week.
Deputy Infrastructure Minister Yuriy Vasyukov said that after Chornomorsk, shipments would follow from Odesa and Pivdeny. The timeframe for all three ports to be functioning is within two weeks, he said.
Russia hammers away at Donetsk, Kharviv provinces
Not content with their gains so far in the industrial Donbas region, the Russians continue pounding the Donetsk province that makes up half the area while also taking aim at the Kharkiv province to the north.
Russian artillery hit the Donetsk cities of Avdiivka, Kramatorsk and Kostiantynivka, while an airstrike damaged at least five houses in Bakhmut.
“The Russians are using the scorched-earth tactics across the entire Donbas,'' Donetsk Gov. Pavlo Kyrylenko said on television. "They fire from the ground and from the air to wipe off entire cities.”
The invading forces also struck cities in Kharkiv. One of them was Chuhuiv, where workers searched for survivors under rubble after 12 rockets landed before dawn, damaging a cultural center, school and other infrastructure, authorities said.
“All these years our society, residents have been creating and building comfortable life conditions,” Mayor Galina Minayeva said. “And now the enemy is destroying all this, killing children, peaceful residents. It’s very hard to describe all this.”
Melitopol mayor: Russians threaten to destroy infrastructure
Russian forces in Melitopol are threatening to blow up the infrastructure if Ukrainian forces liberate the southeastern city, Mayor Ivan Fedorov told Interfax-Ukraine. Russian troops are positioning their military equipment and military facilities in the immediate vicinity of residential high-rise apartment buildings so the Ukrainian military can’t respond to shelling, the mayor said.
Fedorov said about 50,000 to 60,000 people remain in the city of 150,000 – and said less than 5% of them are Russian "collaborators." Most remain because they have no relatives in other regions or abroad to flee to for help, he said.
"There are those who have sick parents, relatives who need to be helped and who cannot be left alone," he said.
Russia makes plans for rebuilding Mariupol
The Kremlin has developed plans for rebuilding the missile-devastated city of Mariupol in three stages ending in 2040, according to Russian Federation documents obtained by Radio Free Europe's "Donbas Realities" project. The media outlet said it obtained the documents from Ukrainian intelligence.
The first stage runs through the end of 2022 and involves restoration of vital infrastructure and setting up a cemetery. Housing and "transport infrastructure" is planned until 2025. By 2040, the Russian government wants to ensure "budgetary efficiency and economic self-sufficiency of the city's territories."
Options suggested for the Azovstal steel plant, site of the Ukrainian military's last stand in the city, include resumption of steel manufacture, other business industrial uses or two versions of a park. The city of 450,000 people had less than 100,000 remaining by the time it was overrun in May.
Russian-backed governments creating committees for regions to join Russia
A seven-member election committee is being created in the southern Kherson Region that borders Crimea to conduct a referendum on acceding to Russia. The decree by the head of the Kherson Region’s military-civilian administration said nominations were being accepted for the election committee that will have seven members serving three-year terms.
On Saturday, the head of the southeastern Zaporizhzhia Region’s military-civilian administration, Yevgeny Balitsky, signed a decree on the creation of an election committee to conduct a referendum on joining Russia.
Contributing: The Associated Press
This article originally appeared on USA TODAY: Ukraine: Russia wants Zelenskyy out of power