The Philadelphia 76ers aren't messing around. On Tuesday, Ben Simmons signed a full maximum extension, worth $170 million over five years, to remain with the team that drafted him No.1 overall in 2017. With Joel Embiid already under contract through 2022-23, Philly GM Elton Brand locks in one of the best young duos in the NBA for at least the next four seasons.
Simmons' extension isn't a total surprise, but it's still an enormous commitment from the Sixers once you account for the rest of the core's price tag. The 22-year-old's salary will jump from $8.1 million in 2019-20 to $29.3 million in 2020-21 and escalate gradually to $38.6 million in 2024-25.
With the re-signing of Tobias Harris and the additions of Al Horford and Josh Richardson, the Sixers will be paying $131.5 million to just five players in 2020-21. To illustrate how steep that outlay is, consider that the salary cap is projected to be $116 million. (CBA 101: teams can go over the cap to re-sign its own players, generally speaking). According to ESPN, all five years are guaranteed with significant bonuses tied to All-NBA honors in 2019-20.
Is paying all that guaranteed money to Simmons a wise investment?
I wouldn't think twice about it. He deserves it. Simmons is an elite NBA player, even at age 22 (he turns 23 next week). He averaged 16.9 points, 8.8 rebounds and 7.7 assists on 56 percent shooting in his second season in the league, becoming the youngest player in this past season's All-Star Game in Charlotte.
Still, Simmons remains a basketball riddle. Consider that his top statistical comparables in FiveThirtyEight's model include names like James Worthy, Grant Hill, Bernard King, Brad Daugherty, Blake Griffin and Andrew Bogut. All over the place. If you asked a Magic 8 Ball about Simmons' future, it'd probably read, "Cannot Predict Now."
Who is Ben Simmons? The irony is he's himself, to a T. Simmons' first two seasons in the league were just about carbon copies of one another. To wit:
In 2017-18, he played 2,732 minutes.
In 2018-19, he played 2,700 minutes.
In 2017-18, he took 12.3 shots per game and made 6.8.
In 2018-19, he took 12.2 shots per game and made 6.7.
In 2017-18, he averaged 8.2 assists and 3.5 turnovers.
In 2018-19, he averaged 7.7 assists and 3.6 turnovers.
In 2017-18, his player efficiency rating was 20.0.
In 2018-19, his player efficiency rating was 20.0.
And his other advanced metrics were eerily similar, too.
Some might call that uncanny consistency. Others might call it a red flag. But criticizing Simmons' plateau in Year 2 ignores the fact that most of the players on the All-Rookie teams had either even or down years. Most everyone expected huge things from Simmons, Donovan Mitchell, Jayson Tatum and Lonzo Ball in 2018-19. None of them took a huge step forward. (Mitchell came on strong late in the regular season, but struggled mightily in the playoffs against the Houston Rockets.)
Simmons' postseason saw wild swings from clear superstar to critically flawed. The best game of his young career notably came in a playoff setting, one in which Embiid sat out with a sore knee. Entering Game 3 tied 1-1 in the series against the Brooklyn Nets, Simmons erupted for 31 points and nine assists on the road without his co-star. That virtuoso performance came on the heels of Jared Dudley saying Simmons was "average" in the halfcourt. Simmons responded in a big way.
That's the Simmons that Philly fans want to see every night. But over the next nine games, Simmons averaged just 12.1 points, including four straight games without making a free throw.
Look, he's 22. We want Simmons to be a finished product who dominates every playoff game he's in, but he's years away from his prime, and the Sixers just locked in his age 24 to age 28 seasons.
The most tantalizing aspect of Simmons' game is his defense. Thanks to his versatility, it's possible Simmons will win a Defensive Player of the Year award by the time this contract is done. At 6-foot-10 with point guard speed and instincts, Simmons has the ability to thwart just about any player in the game. According to research by Nylon Calculus' Krishna Narsu, Simmons was one of nine starters who guarded all five positions at least 10 percent of the time on the floor last season. None of them were as young as Simmons.
It's rare for a player to show a knack for defense at Simmons' age. It was Simmons, not Jimmy Butler, that took on the Kawhi Leonard assignment in critical moments of the playoffs. There were lapses, to be sure, but he was 22 freaking years old going against the best player in the world. Getting young players to commit defensively in the NBA is like pulling teeth. Simmons wants to be a Defensive Player of the Year one day, which is a huge win in and of itself.
Simmons' lack of a jumper has many folks howling about how Embiid and Simmons are horrible fits next to each other. The numbers don't agree. With the two young stars on the floor this postseason, the Sixers outscored opponents by 19.5 points per 100 possessions. Here are some postseason net ratings for star duos (net rating is points ahead/behind every 100 possessions while on the floor): Damian Lillard and C.J. McCollum, minus-1.3; Stephen Curry and Klay Thompson, plus-3.0; Nikola Jokic and Jamal Murray, plus-7.8; Giannis Antetokounmpo and Khris Middleton, plus-9.6. Again: Simmons and Embiid, plus-19.5.
Some of that juggernaut rating is a reflection of JJ Redick, Harris and Butler often being on the floor as well, but it's undeniable that the Sixers have thrived with Simmons and Embiid on the court. The fit isn't perfect, but Simmons and Embiid complement each other in other ways.
While Embiid lumbers up the floor, Simmons blitzes past defenders in the open court. Simmons' ability to execute high-level passes in tight spaces has resulted in Embiid shooting 45.5 percent on 2-pointers off of Simmons' passes compared to 41.5 percent on 2-pointers from all other teammates, per NBA.com tracking. Simmons assisted more of Embiid's buckets than Butler and T.J. McConnell combined. (Side note: the Sixers are going to miss Redick's playmaking next season).
Would a reliable jumper help Simmons' impact? Of course it would. But you could say that about a lot of players -- most valuable ones, too.
The reigning MVP Giannis Antetokounmpo has shot 26.5 percent from downtown over the last five seasons. Russell Westbrook, another MVP, has shot above 30 percent on 3-pointers once in the last five seasons. Westbrook has made 216 more 3-pointers than Simmons has over the last two seasons, but he's also missed 504 more 3-pointers than Simmons over the last two seasons. Those misses matter, too.
Taking more 3-pointers would probably be good both for Simmons' development and the Sixers' spacing. But excessive 3-point shooting from bad shooters can be just as hurtful to NBA offense. Yes, the offense can become clogged when it slows to the halfcourt and playoff teams can exploit that. But even with the iffy shot and fit with Embiid, the Sixers were the eighth-best offense in the NBA. Not historic, but pretty darn good. And they were a bounce or two from the Eastern Conference Finals.
Simmons' lack of range has generated some polarizing opinions on the player. Some think Simmons is another Michael Carter-Williams (there are a lot of blue check marks here). But that's incredibly unfair to an elite finisher like Simmons, who owns a 57.0 true-shooting percentage in his career compared to Carter-Williams' 47.1 percent over his first two seasons -- not even in the same sphere. Simmons is much closer to Magic than MCW.
While I think many go overboard on Simmons' lack of a jumper, I am not holding my breath that he'll add one. Brook Lopez famously didn't make a 3-pointer until his seventh year in the league and he's now one of the NBA's most prolific 3-point shooters. But Lopez was an excellent free throw shooter (81 percent in his first two seasons) and regularly exhibited a knockdown mid-range shot.
Simmons' lack of a single made 3-pointer in his two seasons grabs headlines, but it's his poor free throw shooting (58.3 percent) and lack of mid-range game that make me skeptical it'll ever become a go-to weapon. Since 2000, there are 25 players who have zero 3-pointers in at least 3,000 minutes over their first two seasons. The list is almost exclusively centers. The ones that eventually added a 3-point shot -- Lopez, Marc Gasol and Horford -- all shot at least 70 percent from the line.
Simmons, however, owns a free-throw shooting percentage that ranks 23rd of 25 players, just ahead of Mason Plumlee and Bismack Biyombo and just behind fellow Klutch client and workout buddy Tristan Thompson. I probably don't have to tell you that Plumlee, Biyombo and Thompson have yet to add any semblance of a 3-point shot.
But Simmons does outrank all of those non-shooting centers in one category: total win shares. Again, just because Simmons doesn't have a jump shot doesn't mean he can't be a dominant player.
It all boils down to this: Simmons instantly vaults into the MVP conversation if he adds a jumper to his game. Players that are one skill away from MVP talk absolutely deserve the max. Players in that realm are almost never 22 years old. Simmons is already there.