By Shereen Lehman (Reuters Health) – - People can be so turned off by obese individuals that they actually imagine a bad smell, according to a new study. Study participants who were shown images of heavy and thin individuals while sniffing odorless substances rated the “scent samples” as smelling worse when they were paired with images of heavy people. “Our findings suggest that people may hold negative views of heavy individuals that are sufficiently entrenched that they can cross over into olfactory (that is, smell) perceptions though people may not be aware that they hold such views,” senior author Andrew Ward told Reuters Health in an email. “This is the first study to show that negative bias toward heavy individuals is sufficient to affect smell perception,” said Ward, a psychology researcher at Swarthmore College in Pennsylvania. As reported in the International Journal of Obesity, Ward and his colleagues enrolled college students in two separate studies. In the first, 67 participants were shown twelve separate images – four heavy people, four thin people and four pictures of inanimate objects (the “distractor images”). While the participants viewed each image, a researcher placed the odorless sample under their noses. Participants rated the “scents” paired with pictures of heavy people as lower than samples paired with thin pictures. But the findings weren’t completely clear due to the arrangement of the images, so the researchers repeated the study with additional distractor images. A total of 175 college students participated. Once again, the odorless samples paired with images of heavy individuals were rated as smelling worse than those paired with images of thin people. And that effect was most pronounced among study participants who were themselves heavy. The extent of negative bias toward overweight individuals may be greater than previously assumed, the authors say. “Given how pervasive the bias might be, I think it’s important to make people aware of it, especially to the extent that individuals might not otherwise be able to explicitly recognize the bias in themselves,” Ward said. Angela Meadows, a psychology researcher at the University of Birmingham in the UK who was not involved in the study, said the extent of negative bias toward heavier individuals is pretty well established. “They experience stigma and discrimination in just about every aspect of daily life - including healthcare, education, legal proceedings, personal relationships - even going shopping is fraught with potential and actual negative experiences,” Meadows told Reuters Health in an email. “The world is not a friendly place for fat individuals,” said Meadows. Meadows said most scientific attempts at improving the situation haven't been very successful. “Public health messages and the 'War on Obesity' aren't helping because they frame the fat individual as the villain, and media representations of fat people are almost entirely negative," she said. When this stigma is pointed out, Meadows added, people often respond by saying that if fat people don't like being treated badly, they should lose weight. “Fat is one of the few stigmatized groups who are expected to change themselves in response to being bullied and harassed,” she pointed out. Meadows said the current study adds to previous evidence showing how much heavier people dislike their bodies. “Common wisdom suggests that this could motivate them to change, but almost all the evidence points the other way,” she said. “Self-stigma is associated with more binge eating, less frequent exercise, and so on.” Meadows said that more and more, research is showing that a positive body image is associated with more healthy behaviors, and better health and well being, even at larger body sizes. SOURCE: http://bit.ly/1Hukkhj International Journal of Obesity, online February 4, 2015.
Our goal is to create a safe and engaging place for users to connect over interests and passions. In order to improve our community experience, we are temporarily suspending article commenting
- Business Insider
Hooters employees are pushing back against new revealing uniforms that include shorts so short that they're 'like underwear'
"Soooo Hooters got new panties. I mean shorts," wrote one TikTok user. "Love my job but don't love wearing undies to work," wrote another.
- Washington Examiner
Who wears short shorts?
- E! News
The 22-year-old singer, whose real name was Emani Johnson, died after experiencing a "tragic accident," her manager told E! News.
- Country Living
LeAnn Rimes rocked the stage at the Austin City Limits music festival. Fans have a lot to say about her sheer, lace dress that she posted on Instagram.
Jennifer Gates, the eldest daughter of Bill Gates and Melinda French Gates, announced her engagement to Nayel Nassar in January 2020
- NBC News
One employee on TikTok described the new shorts as "like underwear."
- KGO – San Francisco
"The forecast should give us a reprieve." Many in the Bay Area are ready to greet the first rain of the season with open arms as soon as Sunday after a spring and summer filled with epic drought conditions. Fire crews hope the precipitation gives them a break from fighting wildfires.
- NBC Sports Boston
Buccaneers quarterback Tom Brady and his wife, Gisele, drew some attention Saturday by appearing to reference New England in a Twitter exchange.
The former Trump White House press secretary earned a blistering two-word rebuke from Mary Trump, the ex-president's niece.
- Yahoo Movies
Jamie Lee Curtis on 'Halloween' beginnings, why Arnold didn't want her for 'True Lies' and her secret text code with Lindsay Lohan
Jamie Lee Curtis talks "Halloween," "Trading Places," "A Fish Called Wanda," "True Lies" and more in our new episode of "Role Recall."
- Associated Press
Eric M. Smith, who was 13 when he killed a 4-year-old boy with a rock in western New York, has been granted parole, corrections officials said on Saturday. Smith, now 41, appeared for the 11th time before the Board of Parole on October 5 and was granted release as early as Nov. 17, the Department of Corrections and Community Supervision said in an emailed statement. Smith was convicted of second-degree murder in 1994 for luring Derrick Robie into woods near the younger boy's home and striking his head with a rock.
- Associated Press
A woman was raped by a stranger on a commuter train in suburban Philadelphia in the presence of other riders who a police official said “should have done something." Superintendent Timothy Bernhardt of the Upper Darby Police Department said officers were called to the 69th Street terminal around 10 p.m. Wednesday after the assault on the westbound train on the Market-Frankford Line. An employee of the Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority who was in the vicinity as the train went past called police to report that “something wasn't right" with a woman aboard the train, Bernhardt said.
Before and after photos of the course reveal dramatic change.
- USA TODAY Sports - Golfweek
Oregon head coach Casey Martin underwent the procedure on his right leg earlier this week.
- Sixers Wire
Philadelphia 76ers legend Allen Iverson has a message for Ben Simmons on Twitter.
- Associated Press
It only took about a day after Chase Elliott wished Kevin Harvick “a merry offseason and Happy Christmas” for NASCAR's reigning champion to get the zinger on merchandise on his official website. It's the kind of trolling that typically would infuriate Harvick and incite another round of retaliation in his raging feud with Elliott. Elliott need not worry: NASCAR squashed this rivalry in a conference call with both teams before the drivers even arrived at Texas Motor Speedway for Sunday's opening race of the third round of the playoffs.
- The Conversation
How Sarah Baartman's hips went from a symbol of exploitation to a source of empowerment for Black women
Sarah Baartman was an international sensation of objectification. British LibraryIn “BLACK EFFECT,” a track from Beyoncé and Jay-Z’s 2018 collaborative album “EVERYTHING IS LOVE,” Beyoncé describes a quintessential Black female form: Stunt with your curls, your lips, Sarah Baartman hips Gotta hop into my jeans like I hop into my whip, yeah The celebration of Sarah Baartman’s features marks a departure from her historical image. Saartjie “Sarah” Baartman was an African woman who, in the early 180
- Miami Herald
All batches of Irbesartan tablets in 75 mg, 150 mg and 300 mg strengths and Irbesartan and Hydrochlorothiazide tablets in 150 mg/12.5 mg and 300 mg/12.5 mg strengths made by Lupin Pharmaceuticals have been recalled.
- Kansas City Star
The MLB rulebook is fuzzy about what is a check swing.
- Washington Examiner
LONG BEACH, California — Crane operators who belong to a powerful union and earn up to $250,000 a year transferring containers from ships to trucks are worsening the supply chain crisis that threatens Christmas by goofing off on the job, frustrated truckers told the Washington Examiner.