Jimmy Carter decided to stake his reputation on a dream and personally broker a peace deal between Egypt and Israel.
Historian Doris Kearns Goodwin says the "bank holiday" is Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s defining moment of presidential leadership.
Author Michael Dobbs discusses JFK's defining moment of presidential leadership: preventing nuclear war with Russia.
Historian Evan Thomas details Eisenhower's decision to push back on the military-industrial complex during the Cold War.
Journalist Barry Werth discusses the 38th president's defining moment of presidential leadership: his pardon of Richard Nixon.
Historian Jon Meacham examines Bush's costly decision to defy the GOP base and break his "no new taxes" pledge.
Historian Lou Cannon looks at Reagan's decision to defy his base and pursue nuclear disarmament with Mikhail Gorbachev.
Author Cornelius Bynum explores Truman’s desegregation of the U.S. military, which went against public opinion and military leaders.
Author David Maraniss discusses Clinton's defining moment of presidential leadership: getting an assault-rifle ban through Congress.