TAIPEI (Reuters) - Taiwan accused the World Heath Organization of ignoring its questions at the start of the coronavirus outbreak, part of what it has long described as a pattern that puts it at risk because of Chinese pressure to exclude it from international bodies.
Taiwan is barred from membership in the WHO under pressure from China, which views it as a province rather than a state. It responded early to the coronavirus outbreak in China, and has had notable success in limiting contagion so far, with just two deaths and 215 cases.
Taiwan's government has said that keeping it out of the WHO during the outbreak amounts to playing politics with Taiwanese lives, and it has been denied access to first-hand information. Both the WHO and China say Taiwan has been provided with the help it needs.
Speaking to reporters in Taipei, the island's Centres for Disease Control chief Chou Jih-haw said that it written to the WHO and China as early as Dec. 31, asking for information about the newly uncovered virus outbreak in China's Wuhan city, including whether there was human-to-human transmission.
"We asked them whether there's a possibility of human-to-human transmission. We indeed asked them and reminded them of the matter," Chou said. He said the WHO confirmed it had received the letter but did not respond to it.
Health Minister Chen Shih-chung, sitting next to Chou, said Taiwan had fortunately decided that same day to begin screening passengers flying in from Wuhan, and activated its emergency operations centre on Jan. 2 - a move experts say allowed Taiwan to effectively control the early spread of the virus.
While Taiwan did send experts to China in January, they were not allowed to see any patients or to go to the market where the virus is believed to have originated, Chen said. That trip made Taiwanese officials realise they had to act quickly.
China confirmed human-to-human transmission on Jan. 20. The WHO said on Jan. 12 there was no clear evidence of human-to-human transmission.
The WHO, in a statement to Reuters, did not directly address the issue of Taiwan being ignored, but said its office in China was informed of the "pneumonia of unknown cause" on Dec. 31.
"Since that time until now WHO has regarded the event as very serious and applied the full range of attention to it from across the organisation," it said.
In Beijing, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Geng Shuang denounced what he said were efforts to "politically manipulate" the outbreak, and that the WHO dealt with Taiwan under the "one China" principle.
Taiwan has also complained about the WHO listing its cases under China's, saying this has confused countries into believing its situation is as serious as in mainland China, where more than 80,000 cases have been reported.
(This story refiles to changes Wuhan description to city not province in paragraph 4)
(Reporting by Yimou Lee and Ben Blanchard; Additional reporting by Gabriel Crossley in Beijing)